Tuckahoe (plantation)

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Tuckahoe plantation.JPG
Tuckahoe plantation's northern wing
Tuckahoe (plantation) is located in Virginia
Tuckahoe (plantation)
Location SE of Manakin near jct. of Rtes. 650 and 647, near Manakin, Virginia
Coordinates 37°34′13.7″N 77°39′11.4″W / 37.570472°N 77.653167°W / 37.570472; -77.653167Coordinates: 37°34′13.7″N 77°39′11.4″W / 37.570472°N 77.653167°W / 37.570472; -77.653167
Built 1712
Architect William Randolph
Architectural style Georgian, Other
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 68000049
VLR # 037-0033
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 22, 1968[2]
Designated NHLD August 11, 1969[3]
Designated VLR November 5, 1968[1]

Tuckahoe, also known as Tuckahoe Plantation, is located on Route 650 near Manakin, Virginia overlapping both Goochland and Henrico counties. It was declared a historic district[4] and a National Historic Landmark in 1969.[3][4][5]


Construction is generally thought to have been begun by Thomas Randolph about 1710. His son William Randolph III is believed to have finished the work on the mansion.[6][7] The original house is now the north wing; William added rooms and sections between 1730-1745 that created the "H"-shaped house of today.

He married Maria Paige and they had four children, but his wife died in 1744. William Randolph's cousin Jane married Peter Jefferson, and they were friends. Before William Randolph died in 1745, he named Peter Jefferson as guardian for his four children, including his oldest son Thomas Mann Randolph. The Jeffersons moved from Charlottesville into the house with their two-year-old son Thomas. They lived in the home until 1754, and for 7 years young Thomas was tutored with his young Randolph cousins. Jefferson turned over management of the plantation to Thomas Mann Randolph in 1757.

In 1794 his son William B. Randolph was born. He kept the house until 1830, and since then it has continued to be privately owned.

The house is currently under the care of the owner/managers Addison B. Thompson and his wife. The grounds are open for self-guided tours. The house is open for private tours by appointment and may also be rented for private events.


The two-story wood structure sits in its original spot, surrounded by landscape and soaring trees. The structure forms an "H," with wings mirroring each other and connected by a central corridor. The entrance to the house is reached by a flight of stairs and a small stoop. The stoop is covered by a projected pediment supported by simple wooden posts and is framed by a wooden railing. To either side of the entrance is a pair of windows as well as a central window over the entrance, each with dark shutters. Each two-sashed window contains 9 panes of glass. The gabled roof rests on a simple cornice line with dentil moldings. A large brick chimney rises from either side of the home.

The grounds around the house include outbuildings: the schoolhouse where Thomas Jefferson was educated, a kitchen house, slave quarters, smokehouse, storehouse, stable, and the cemeteries of the Randolph and Wight families.



  1. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 03-12-2013.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  3. ^ a b "Tuckahoe". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  4. ^ a b James Dillon (October 9, 1974), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Tuckahoe Plantation (PDF), National Park Service  and Accompanying 14 photos, aerial and exterior and interior, from 1968, 1972, and 1974 PDF (32 KB)
  5. ^ Charles W. Snell (March 19, 1971), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Tuckahoe Plantation House (Thomas Jefferson Boyhood Home) / Tuckahoe (PDF), National Park Service 
  6. ^ Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed. (1898). "The Randolphs: Randolph Genealogy". Some Colonial Mansions: And Those Who Lived In Them : With Genealogies Of The Various Families Mentioned 1. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Henry T. Coates & Company. pp. 430–459. 
  7. ^ Tuckahoe Plantation"

Further reading[edit]

  • Masson, Kathryn and Brooke, Steven (photographer); Historic Houses of Virginia: Great Plantation Houses, Mansions, and Country Places; Rizzoli International Publications; New York City, New York; 2006

External links[edit]