Tucker, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tucker, Arkansas
Tucker is located in Arkansas
Tucker
Tucker
Tucker is located in the US
Tucker
Tucker
Coordinates: 34°26′40″N 91°57′16″W / 34.44444°N 91.95444°W / 34.44444; -91.95444Coordinates: 34°26′40″N 91°57′16″W / 34.44444°N 91.95444°W / 34.44444; -91.95444
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyJefferson
Elevation
226 ft (69 m)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
GNIS feature ID55674[1]

Tucker is an Unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Arkansas. It has an elevation of 226 ft (69 m)[1] and is located 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Little Rock.[2]

History[edit]

In 1871 John Woodfin Tucker established the Tucker Plantation, named after his wife, Sarah E. Tucker. The plantation, which mostly produced cotton, expanded to occupy 2,800 acres (1,100 ha). Paid farmworkers and resident sharecroppers worked the land. The Tucker family managed the post office and the store.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Circa 1958, Tucker had 74 residents.[4]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Tucker Volunteer Fire Department provides fire services.[5] The fire station is along Arkansas Highway 15.[6]

State representation[edit]

The Arkansas Department of Correction (ADC) operates the ADC Complex in Tucker; the complex is off Arkansas Highway 15, 9 miles (14 km) south of England and 25 miles (40 km) north of Pine Bluff.[7] The two prison units in the complex are the Tucker Unit and the Maximum Security Unit.[8][9] The ADC training academy, the Willis S. Sargent Training Academy,[7] is in the complex, adjacent to the Maximum Security and Tucker units.[10]

In 1916 the state purchased 4,400 acres (1,800 ha) of land to establish the Tucker Unit. In 1933 the death chamber moved from the Arkansas State Penitentiary to the Tucker Unit, because the penitentiary closed. The final execution at Tucker, before the death penalty in Arkansas was declared to be unconstitutional, took place in 1964.[10] In 1974 male death row inmates, previously at the Tucker Unit, were moved to the Cummins Unit, which is not in Tucker.[11] In 1978 a new death chamber opened in Cummins, so Tucker Unit was no longer the point of execution.[10] In 1986, male death row inmates were moved to the Maximum Security Unit in Tucker.[11] In 2000, the ADC training academy moved to its current location from the former Barnes School building.[10] On Friday August 22, 2003, all 39 Arkansas death row inmates were moved from the Maximum Security Unit to the Supermax at the Varner Unit, which is not in Tucker.[12]

Federal representation[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Tucker Post Office.[13] When members of the Tucker family operated the post office, the family used the post office as a makeshift banking facility via money order sales; the scheme was used to support customers who were not able to afford establishing conventional bank accounts.[3]

Education[edit]

Tucker is served by the Dollarway School District.[14] Students are zoned to James Matthews Elementary School, Robert F. Morehead Middle School, and Dollarway High School, all in Pine Bluff.

Up until the 1980s its school district was the Plum Bayou-Tucker School District, which was to be annexed by the Wabbaseka School District due to financial difficulties; the Plum Bayou-Tucker district was to be dissolved with Wabbaseka absorbing the new territory.[15] On July 1, 1983 the consolidation into the Wabbaseka-Tucker School District occurred.[16] For a period the district operated Tucker Elementary School.[17]

On September 1, 1993, Wabbaseka Tucker consolidated into the Altheimer Unified School District;[16] Altheimer Unified operated two schools: Martin Elementary School and Altheimer-Sherrill High School.[18] The Altheimer Unified School District consolidated into the Dollarway School District on July 10, 2006.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tucker, Arkansas". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "Arkansas Inmate Nearly Dies After Left in Feces." (Archive) Associated Press at Fox News. June 22, 2009. Retrieved on April 15, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Tucker Plantation Records." University of Arkansas. Retrieved on September 7, 2010.
  4. ^ Federal Writers' Project. Arkansas: A Guide to the State. US History Publishers, 1958. 345. Retrieved from Google Books on March 6, 2011. ISBN 1-60354-004-0, ISBN 978-1-60354-004-9
  5. ^ "Fire Department Ratings." Fox 16. Retrieved on March 5, 2011.
  6. ^ "Tucker Volunteer Fire Station." United States Geological Survey. Retrieved on March 5, 2011. "Description: 10801 State Highway 15, Tucker, Ar 72168"
  7. ^ a b "Human Resources FAQs." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on March 6, 2011.
  8. ^ "Tucker Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on September 7, 2010.
  9. ^ "Maximum Security Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on September 7, 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d "Prison History and Gallery." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on September 7, 2010.
  11. ^ a b "2006 Facts Brochure." Arkansas Department of Correction. July 1, 2005–June 30, 2006. 25 (25/38). Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  12. ^ "Death Row On The Move." KAIT. August 26, 2003. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - TUCKER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 7, 2010.
  14. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Jefferson County, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 31, 2017. Note that, while the Altheimer Unified School District's boundaries are indicated, the district had already consolidated into Dollarway School District at the time the map was made.
  15. ^ "WOODARD v. WABBASEKA-TUCKER PUB. SCH. DIST Supreme Court of Arkansas 286 Ark. 110 (Ark. 1985)." Arkansas Supreme Court at Casetext.com. Opinion delivered May 20, 1985. Retrieved on August 1, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c "ConsolidationAnnex_from_1983.xls." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on July 31, 2017. Note that Plum Bayou consolidated into Wabbaseka Tucker in 1983, then Wabbaseka Tucker consolidated into Altheimer Unified in 1993, and that district in turn consolidated into Dollarway in 2006.
  17. ^ CIC School Directory, Volume 3. Curriculum Information Center, 1983. p. 15 (View of page without view of content, see search result showing information). "Tucker Elem School/ L A Evans General Delivery, Wright 72182, [...] Wabbaseka Jr-Sr High School/ Mr Jean C Edwards P 0 Box 210, Wabbaseka 72175, [...]"
  18. ^ "2002-2003 Arkansas Education Directory." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on July 31, 2017. Page 65 (PDF p. 71/157).