|At Loro Parque, Spain|
The Tucumán amazon (Amazona tucumana), also known as the alder amazon, is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is mainly green and has red at the front of its head above its pale beak. It is found in woodland (especially with Alnus acuminata or Podocarpus parlatorei) in the Yungas of Argentina and Bolivia. It is threatened by habitat loss and capture for the parrot trade.
The Tucumán amazon is a mostly green short-tailed parrot, medium-sized at 31 cm (12 in) long. The green feathers of the upper-body have black margins. There is red plumage on the forehead and fore-crown, and the red does not extend around the white eye-rings. It has red primary wing feathers and no red at the bend of the wing. It has orange thighs and red at base of the green tail. They have a horn coloured beak, orange-yellow irises, and pinkish-grey legs. The male and female are identical in external appearance. Juveniles have less red on the head, green primary wing feathers, green thighs, and grey irises.
The Tucumán amazon is consistently under the threat of multiple circumstances that challenge its population growth. These circumstances that potentially stunt the population growth of the Tucumán Amazon are narrowed down to food availability and the nesting success rate, as well as predation, poaching, and abandonment.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona tucumana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Rivera, Luis (2006). "Ecology, Reproductive Biology and Conservation of Alder Amazon (Amazona tucumana) in the Montane Forests of Argentina". The Rufford Foundation.
- Forshaw, Joseph M. (2006). Parrots of the World; an Identification Guide. Illustrated by Frank Knight. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09251-6. plate 108.
- Rivera, Luis (2014). "Nesting success and productivity of Tucuman Parrots (Amazona tucumana) in high-altitude forests of Argentina: do they differ from lowland Amazona parrots?". Emu - Austral Ornithology. 114 (1): 41-49. doi:10.1071/MU12062.
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