Tuena, New South Wales

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Tuena
New South Wales
Tuena 1.jpg
Goldfields Inn
Tuena is located in New South Wales
Tuena
Tuena
Coordinates 34°02′S 149°20′E / 34.033°S 149.333°E / -34.033; 149.333Coordinates: 34°02′S 149°20′E / 34.033°S 149.333°E / -34.033; 149.333
Population 187 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 2583
Location
LGA(s) Upper Lachlan Shire
State electorate(s) Goulburn
Federal Division(s) Hume

Tuena is a town in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Upper Lachlan Shire. It is located on Tuena Creek, tributary of the Abercrombie River, 269 km (167 mi) west of the state capital, Sydney.[2] At the 2011 census, Tuena and the surrounding area had a population of 187.[1]

Only nine months after the first payable discovery of gold in Australia at Ophir (start of the Australian gold rushes), gold was found at Tuena.

History[edit]

The site was first explored by Dr. Charles Throsby in 1819, with the first landholder, Samuel Blackman, arriving in 1836. In May 1859, Tuena was formally declared a town.[3]

Gold was discovered at Tuena in November 1851, although gold had been discovered on the Abercrombie River (the Tarshish Diggings), 10 km north some months earlier.[4] The following extract from a contemporary newspaper announces the discovery at Tuena.

Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (Newspaper), 15 November 1851: —
On the latter part of last week, news arrived on the river, and was quickly circulated through the surrounding country that very, rich diggings had been discovered on Tuena Creek, at one of Mr. Smith's sheep stations, known by the name of the Sapling Hut. He proceeded to the place and found a body of men very busily engaged digging up the bed of one of his sheep-yards and procuring gold in abundance.[5]

Rapid growth due to the gold rush saw construction of many buildings, a post office and police station in 1852, three pubs including the surviving Goldfields Inn (1866), Parson's store, a courthouse (1860s) and a school (1860). The current school dates only to 1889.

The town also boasts three churchs - St. Mark's Anglican(1886), thought to be the oldest timber 'miner's church' still standing, the stone St. Margaret's Presbyterian(1890), and St. Mary's Catholic Church in 1896 (built of bricks from the old Cordillera mine).

The heavily forested and mountainous countryside, nearby Abercrombie Caves, and presence of the goldfields made Tuena an attraction for bushrangers including Ben Hall, Gardiner, John Vane, Johnny Gilbert, John O'Meally, Cummins, and Lowry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tuena (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Tuena". Website. Argyle County. 2009-03-18. Retrieved October 27, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Tuena: Historic Gold Mining Village". Tourism Pamphlet. 2000. 
  4. ^ "The Tarshish diggings - Abercrombie River". Newspaper. Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal. 10 September 1851. p. 2. Retrieved October 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Important Intelligence From The Tarshish Diggings". Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal. 15 November 1851. p. 4. Retrieved October 28, 2012. 

External links[edit]