Tufton, Pembrokeshire

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Tufton
The Tufton Arms - geograph.org.uk - 398224.jpg
Tufton Arms pub in 2007
Tufton is located in Pembrokeshire
Tufton
Tufton
Location within Pembrokeshire
OS grid referenceSN040282
Community
  • Puncheston
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townClarbeston Road
Postcode districtSA63
Dialling code01348
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
  • Preseli Pembrokeshire
Welsh Assembly
  • Preseli Pembrokeshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°55′01″N 4°51′04″W / 51.917°N 4.851°W / 51.917; -4.851Coordinates: 51°55′01″N 4°51′04″W / 51.917°N 4.851°W / 51.917; -4.851

Tufton is a crossroads hamlet in the parish of Henry's Moat in Pembrokeshire, Wales, on the B4329, a road between Eglwyswrw and Haverfordwest across the Preseli Hills. It is in the community of Puncheston.

Name[edit]

The origin of the place name Tufton is not clear. There is a tenuous link with the Tufton Arms in the 1792 marriage of Joseph Foster Barham of Trecwn (who inherited Pembrokeshire property from his mother, Dorothea Vaughan,[1] and whose son Charles Henry was a Pembroke JP) to Lady Caroline Tufton, daughter of Sackville Tufton, 8th Earl of Thanet.[2][3]

Inn[edit]

The Tufton Arms inn stands at the crossroads. The pub holds a beer festival on the first Friday in July.[4] According to a 19th-century map, this was the only inn in the parish.[5] Coursing meetings were hosted by the pub in the mid-1800s[6] and, in a fox hunting report, it was described as having "good beer".[7] In 1863, the landlady, Mrs Thomas, died "at an advanced age".[8] A Mr Thomas was landlord in 1868, when he was called as a witness in Haverfordwest in a case of sheep-stealing.[9] The thief, Caleb Morris, was sentenced to five years, and later Thomas, after a collection, was presented with a watch in recompense for his sheep.[10] It was the annual custom of the Reverend C. H. Barham to entertain his tenants and friends at Thomas's inn, which in 1873 was able to provide a roast dinner and ale for "upwards of 90 persons".[11]

Chapel[edit]

Siloh Chapel is a Calvanistic Methodist chapel in the Union of Welsh Independent churches.[12] It was founded in 1842, registered to solemnise marriages in 1844,[13] and restored in 1900.[14] Short biographical details of the early ministers and members of the congregation appeared in a history published in 1871.[15]

Transport[edit]

Tufton is on the B4329, a centuries-old route between Cardigan and Haverfordwest and is on a bus route. National Cycle Route 47 crosses the B4329 at Tufton.

Blaenwern[edit]

The hymn tune Blaenwern is named after a farm near Tufton where the composer, William Penfro Rowlands, was either sent as a boy, or sent his son, to recuperate from an illness in the early 20th century.[16]

Historic structures[edit]

"Tufton Castle" is the name given by Coflein to an enclosure just north of the hamlet which may have been an ancient Iron Age settlement.[17] Coflein records a mediaeval strip field system, identified from aerial reconnaissance in 2007[18] and a post-mediaeval rubble stone house worthy of note.[19]

Richard Fenton, in the early 19th century, described a small roadside house as Poll-tax Inn.[20] Fenton attributes the name to a place where poll tax was collected, but other names have been used, such as Paltockes Inne in 1200.[21] It appears on an old parish map south of Tufton on the B4329, which has now bypassed the place, in the parish of Castlebythe.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The History of Parliament". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  2. ^ Charles, B. G. (1959). BARHAM family, of Trecŵn, Pembrokeshire. Dictionary of Welsh Biography. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  3. ^ "History of Parliament Online: FOSTER BARHAM, Joseph (1759-1832), of Trecwn, Pemb". Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  4. ^ "CAMRA Pembrokeshire". Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  5. ^ "GENUKI: Parish map (No.48)". Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Pembrokeshire Coursing Club". The Pembrokeshire Herald. 9 February 1849. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Pembrokeshire fox-hounds". The Pembrokeshire Herald. 15 November 1844. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Family Notices". The Pembrokeshire Herald. 22 May 1863. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Letters". The Pembrokeshire Herald. 3 April 1868. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Local Intelligence". Potter's Electric News. 29 July 1868. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Henry's Moat". The Pembrokeshire Herald. 16 May 1873. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  12. ^ Lloyd, T., Orbach, J and Scourfield, R. (2004). Pembrokeshire. Yale University Press. p. 226. ISBN 9780300101782. Retrieved 17 May 2015.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ "Siloh Chapel: Notice". The Pembrokeshire Herald. 24 May 1844. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  14. ^ "GENUKI: Henry's Moat". Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  15. ^ Rees, T. and Thomas, J. (1871). History of the Welsh Independent Churches. Retrieved 16 May 2015.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Humphreys, M. and Evans, R. (1997). Dictionary of Composers for the Church in Great Britain and Ireland. A&C Black. p. 295. ISBN 9780720123302. Retrieved 16 May 2015.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ "Coflein: Tufton Castle". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  18. ^ "Coflein: Strip field system, Tufton". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  19. ^ "Coflein: Home Tufton". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  20. ^ Fenton, R. (1811). A Historical tour through Pembrokeshire. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Co. p. 356. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  21. ^ Smith, P. (1988). Houses of the Welsh Countryside: A Study in Historical Geography. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. p. 352. ISBN 9780113000128. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  22. ^ "GENUKI: Parish map (No.49)". Retrieved 16 May 2015.

External links[edit]