This article or section appears to contradict itself on the definition of Tui in the lead paragraph and that in the quote.March 2016)(
citation needed] The German modernist theatre practitioner Bertolt Brecht invented the term and used it in a range of critical and creative projects, including the material that he developed in the mid-1930s for his so-called Tui-Novel—an unfinished satire on intellectuals in the German Empire and Weimar Republic—and his epic comedy from the early 1950s, Turandot or the Whitewashers' Congress. The word is a neologism that results from the acronym of a word play on "intellectual" ("Tellekt-Ual-In").[
According to Mark Clark:
|“||... the critique of intellectuals which Brecht developed... around the notion of ‘Tuismus’ engages a model of the public intellectual in which the self-image of the artist and thinker as a socially and politically engaged person corresponded to the expectations of the public. Partisan without being bound to a party, independent of official institutions yet experienced in surviving within institutions, prepared to entertain risks and undertake unconventional experiments: this was how Brecht accommodated a world which he envisioned as changeable. His antagonistic worldview fed on crisis and found its most productive, creative impulse in the escalation of contradictions.||”|
Brecht routinely referred to the members of the Frankfurt School, particularly Theodor Adorno, as "Tuis". The corresponding term "Tuism" describes the theory and practice of the Tui-intellectual.
- Kuhn and Constantine (2004, xix, 251).
- Clark, M. W. (July 2006). Hero or Villain? Bertolt Brecht and the Crisis Surrounding June 1953. Journal of Contemporary History. vol. 41 no. 3. pp. 451–475.
- Jay (1996, 201–202).
- Leming (2005, 43–45).
- Jay, Martin (1996). The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute of Social Research, 1923–1950. Weimar & Now: German Cultural Criticism series. New ed. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-20423-9.
- Kuhn, Tom and David Constantine, eds. (2004). Collected Plays: Eight. By Bertolt Brecht. Bertolt Brecht: Plays, Poetry, Prose Series. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-77352-3.
- Leming, Warren (June 2005). "Tui Tsunami: Brecht Reception and Homeland Insecurity". Communications from the International Brecht Society 34: 43–45.
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