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"Tui na" in Chinese characters
|Literal meaning||"Push and grasp"|
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|Alternative and pseudo‑medicine|
Tui na ([tʰwéi.nǎ]; Chinese: 推拿) is a branch of Traditional Chinese Medicine and as such is often used in conjunction with acupuncture, moxibustion, fire cupping, Chinese herbalism, t'ai chi or other Chinese internal martial arts, and qigong.
Tui Na is a hands-on body treatment that uses Chinese Daoist principles in an effort to bring the eight principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) into balance. The practitioner may brush, knead, roll, press, and rub the areas between each of the joints, known as the eight gates, to attempt to open the body's defensive chi (Wei Qi) and get the energy moving in the meridians and the muscles. Techniques may be gentle or quite firm. The name comes from two of the actions: tui means "to push" and na means "to lift and squeeze." Other strokes include shaking and tapotement. The practitioner can then use range of motion, traction, with the stimulation of acupressure points. These techniques are claimed to aid in the treatment of both acute and chronic musculoskeletal conditions, as well as many non-musculoskeletal conditions. As with many other traditional Chinese medical practices, there are different schools which vary in their approach to the discipline. In Traditional Korean Medicine it is known as Chuna, and it is related also to Japanese massage or anma and its derivative shiatsu, as well as sekkotsu.
In ancient China, medical therapy was often classified as either "external" or "internal" treatment. Tui na was one of the external methods, thought to be especially suitable for use on the elderly population and on infants. In modern China, many hospitals include tui na as a standard aspect of treatment, with specialization for infants, adults, orthopedics, traumatology, cosmetology, rehabilitation, and sports medicine. In the West, tui na is taught as a part of the curriculum at some acupuncture schools.
- "Tui Na MTCP". Academy of Chinese Culture and Health Sciences. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "Tui na". Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- Claire, Thomas (1995). Bodywork: What Type of Massage to Get and How to Make the Most of It. William Morrow and Co. p. 171. ISBN 9781591202325.
- "Orthodox Tui-Na Treatment". The World Tui-Na Association. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- Park, Tae-Yong; Moon, Tae-Woong; Cho, Dong-Chan; Lee, Jung-Han; Ko, Youn-Seok; Hwang, Eui-Hyung; Heo, Kwang-Ho; Choi, Tae-Young; Shin, Byung-Cheul (1 June 2014). "An introduction to Chuna manual medicine in Korea: History, insurance coverage, education, and clinical research in Korean literature". Integrative Medicine Research. 3 (2): 49–59. doi:10.1016/j.imr.2013.08.001. ISSN 2213-4220.