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|Literal meaning||"Push and grasp"|
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Tui na ([tʰwéi.nǎ]; Chinese: 推拿) is form of alternative medicine similar to shiatsu. As a branch of traditional Chinese medicine it is often used in conjunction with acupuncture, moxibustion, fire cupping, Chinese herbalism, t'ai chi or other Chinese internal martial arts, and qigong.
Tui na is a hands-on body treatment that uses Chinese Daoist principles in an effort to bring the eight principles of traditional Chinese medicine into balance. The practitioner may brush, knead, roll, press, and rub the areas between each of the joints, known as the eight gates, to attempt to open the body's defensive chi (wei qi) and get the energy moving in the meridians and the muscles. Techniques may be gentle or quite firm. The name comes from two of the actions: tui means "to push" and na means "to lift and squeeze." Other strokes include shaking and tapotement. The practitioner can then use range of motion, traction, and the stimulation of acupressure points. These techniques are claimed to aid in the treatment of both acute and chronic musculoskeletal conditions, as well as many non-musculoskeletal conditions.
As with many other traditional Chinese medical practices, there are different schools which vary in their approach to the discipline. In traditional Korean medicine it is known as chuna, and it is related also to Japanese massage or anma and its derivatives shiatsu and sekkotsu. In ancient China, medical therapy was often classified as either "external" or "internal" treatment. Tui na was one of the external methods, thought to be especially suitable for use on infants and the elderly. In modern China, many hospitals include tui na as a standard aspect of treatment, with specialization for infants, adults, orthopedics, traumatology, cosmetology, rehabilitation, and sports medicine. In the West, tui na is taught as a part of the curriculum at some acupuncture schools.
Most of the research carried out in tui na originates from China, and is of poor quality and ethically questionable. There is no good evidence tui na is an effective treatment and its safety is poorly understood.
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- "Orthodox Tui-Na Treatment". The World Tui-Na Association. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- Park, Tae-Yong; Moon, Tae-Woong; Cho, Dong-Chan; Lee, Jung-Han; Ko, Youn-Seok; Hwang, Eui-Hyung; Heo, Kwang-Ho; Choi, Tae-Young; Shin, Byung-Cheul (1 June 2014). "An introduction to Chuna manual medicine in Korea: History, insurance coverage, education, and clinical research in Korean literature". Integrative Medicine Research. 3 (2): 49–59. doi:10.1016/j.imr.2013.08.001. ISSN 2213-4220. PMC 5481700. PMID 28664078.