Tukoji Rao Holkar

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Tukoji Rao Holkar
'Maharaja (Ruler of Indore) '
Tukoji Rao Holkar.png
Tukoji Rao Holkar
Reign 1795 - 1797
Successor Kashi Rao Holkar
Born 1723
Died 15 August 1797
Father Tanuji Holkar
Religion Hinduism

Shrimant Subadar Tukoji Rao I Holkar IV Bahadur (1723 – 15 August 1797), belonging to the Holkar dynasty of the Marathas was the Maharaja of Indore (r. 1795–1797). He was second son of Shrimant Tanuji Holkar. He married two wives. He had four sons Malharrao (II), Kashirao, Vithojirao & Yashwantrao Holkar.


After the demise of Devi Ahilyabai Holkar, Tukojirao was the only suitable person who could preserve the splendour of Holkar kingdom intact. He became the fourth ruler of the kingdom for a short period from 1795 to 1797 and protected the province as a courageous soldier. The credit of all triumphant Devi Ahilya enjoyed during her regime actually goes to Shremant Tukojirao Holkar.

It was a time of crisis when Shreemant Tukojirao received the responsibility of the Holkar Kingdom. Shreemant Khanderao, husband of Devi Ahilyabai had already lost his life in Kumbher war of 1758. Shreemant Tujojirao Holkar was the most trustworthy commander-in-chief of Shreemant Malharrao Holkar. While on death bed, Malharrao's appreciation of Tukoji further intensified his loyalty to the royal house of Holkars. Malharrao said "You are the only one who can uphold my name and protect Prince Malerao (grandson of Malharrao) after my death". But, Malerao also had a very short-life span. He died on 13 March 1767 due to sickness. At this juncture, it was Tukojirao who has submitted himself to the service of Devi Ahilyabai and she could withstand with the challenges she had in the service of her people of Malwa. Ahilyabai also respected him as her brother-in-law as Tukojirao was the adopted son of Shreemant Malhar Rao Holkar-I.

The remarkable and sincere services rendered by Tukoji Rao Holkar-I during the reign of Malhar Rao Holkar-I as a Commander in his army and during Ahilyabai Holkar as a Commander-in-Chief could congregate much recognition to his extraordinary talents in administration and as a Chief of the armed forces. He, in the mean time, never forgot for a moment his original sense of obligation to the royal house of Holkars. He was more than obedient; he was dutiful, and all his actions were directed to please and conciliate the royal chair to which he was solely indebted for his high station. The people of Malwa felt themselves secure in the hands of Tukojirao Holkar-I and the territories comprising the Holkar State continued to be prosperous for nearly two years after the death of Ahilya Bai.

Tookajee Rao Holkar II, Indore, from a drawing by Mr. W. Carpenter, Jun.," from the Illustrated London News, 1857

Tukoji Rao died on 15 August 1797. He left behind him "the character of a good soldier, a plain, unaffected man and one whose courage was superior to his craft. The records show that during his life time he never used a seal of his own, and always been remained loyal to Shri Malhar Rao and family until his last breath."


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See also[edit]

Tukoji Rao Holkar
Born: 1723 Died: 15 August 1797
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ahilya Bai Holkar
Maharaja of Indore
1795 – 1797
Succeeded by
Kashi Rao Holkar