Tula language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native tonortheastern Nigeria
RegionKaltungo LGA, Gombe State
Native speakers
30,000 (1998)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3tul

Tula (also Kotule or Kitule[3]) is one of the Savanna languages of Gombe State, northeastern Nigeria.


Kleinewillinghöfer (2014) lists 3 Tula dialects.[4]

  • Tula-Wange (Kutule) is possibly the oldest group. There are several hamlets located on the Tula Plateau. The people refer to themselves as Kɪtʊlɛ.[3]
  • Tula-Baule, possibly former Chadic speakers who had shifted to Tula.
  • Tula-Yiri or Yili is the smallest and most divergent group.


  1. ^ Tula at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tula". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Blench, Roger. 2020. The phonology and noun morphology of Yi Kɪtʊlɛ: an Adamawa language of East-Central Nigeria.
  4. ^ Kleinewillinghöfer, Ulrich. 2014. The languages of the Tula – Waja Group. Adamawa Languages Project.