|• Prefect||Horia Teodorescu (PSD)|
|• Total||8,484 km2 (3,276 sq mi)|
|• Density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 240 or (+40) 340|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-TL|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 1.378 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||US$ 6,838 (2015)|
Tulcea County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtult͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Dobruja, with the capital city at Tulcea. It includes in its northeast corner the large and thinly-populated estuary of the Danube.
In 2011, Tulcea County had a population of 201,462. The population density was 23.7/km², the lowest among the counties of Romania, due to the inclusion within the area of the lowly-populated Danube estuarial wetlands.
The county has a total area of 8,484 km2 (3,276 sq mi).
The most significant feature of Tulcea County is the Danube Delta, which occupies about 1/3 of the entire surface and is located in the North-East side of the county. The Delta has three main branches: the Sulina branch (the only one navigable by large ships) in the middle, the Chilia branch in the North (the border with Ukraine) and the Sfântu Gheorghe branch (Saint George) in the South.
In the South-East of the county there are two lagoons: Razelm Lake and Sinoe Lake. In the Danube Delta and in the South—in the area between the Sfântu Gheorghe Channel and Razelm Lake—there are countless channels and small lakes. The entire area is included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites and Biosphere reserves.
The Danube River flows around the county in the West and North side. In the West, there is the Măcin Branch which flows on the East side of the Great Brăila Island. From Smârdan (on the opposite side from Brăila) to Pătlăgeanca (close to Tulcea), the Danube has only one big flow of water, around which there are an immense number of lakes and small channels.
In the center of the county, there is the Casincea Plateau and the Măcin Mountains—the remains of a prehistorical mountains range (more than 400 million years old), with the greatest height at about 400 m.
- Black Sea in the East.
- Brăila County in the West.
- Galați County in the North-West
- Ukraine in the North - the Odesa Oblast.
- Constanța County in the South.
Agriculture and fishing are the main occupations, involving about 48% of the population. Industry is concentrated in the large towns only.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Food industry.
- Textile industry.
- Ship building industry.
- Metallurgy - aluminium.
- Chemical industry.
- Construction materials.
The main destinations for tourists are:
- The Danube Delta
- The city of Tulcea.
- The Roman fort of Halmyris.
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||13|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||12|
|PRO Romania (PRO)||3|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||2|
Tulcea County has 1 municipality, 4 towns and 46 communes.
- Tulcea - capital city; population: 73,707 (as of 2011)
- C. A. Rosetti
- Ceamurlia de Jos
- Chilia Veche
- I. C. Brătianu (Zaclău, 23 August)
- Jurilovca (Unirea)
- Mihai Bravu
- Mihai Kogălniceanu
- Murighiol (Independența)
- Pardina (1 Mai)
- Sfântu Gheorghe
- Slava Cercheză
- Valea Nucarilor
- Valea Teilor
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Tulcea|
|• Total||8,628 km2 (3,331 sq mi)|
|• Density||21/km2 (55/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Historically, the county was located in the southeastern part of Greater Romania, in the region of north Dobruja. The borders of the historic county coincide with those of the present county. It bordered on the west with Brăila County, northwest with Covurlui County, to the north with Ismail County, to the south by Constanța County, and to the east and south-east with the Black Sea.
- Plasa Babadag, headquartered at Babadag
- Plasa Gurile Dunării, headquartered at Tulcea
- Plasa Măcin, headquartered at Măcin
- Plasa Topolog, headquartered at Topolog
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 184,038 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 62.6% Romanians, 12.2% Russians, 10.6% Bulgarians, 2.5% Turks, 1.7% Greeks, 1.3% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 85.8% Eastern Orthodox, 8.3% Old-Rite Lipovan Orthodox, 2.8% Muslim, 1.5% Roman Catholic, 0.6% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 41,632 inhabitants, comprising 64.7% Romanians, 12.8% Russians, 5.5% Turks, 4.4% Greeks, 3.3% Bulgarians, 2.5% Jews, 0.8% Germans, as well as other minorities. Mother tongues among the urban population were Romanian (69.4%), followed by Russian (15.0%), Turkish (5.5%), Greek (3.9%), Yiddish (1.5%), as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 87.5% Eastern Orthodox, 5.7% Muslim, 2.6% Jewish, 1.9% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.
- "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
- The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
- National Institute of Statistics, 2002 census: Ethnic structure per county
- "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Tulcea
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 480