Tulipa humilis

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Tulipa humilis
Tulipa aucheriana 240408.jpg
Tulipa humilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Tulipa
Species: T. humilis
Binomial name
Tulipa humilis

Tulipa humilis is a species of flowering plant in the lily family, found in Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Turkey, Iran, and the North Caucasus region of Russia.[2] The flowers are pink with yellow centers. Its preferred habitat are rocky mountain slopes.[1][3][4] It is known by several other names in horticulture.[5][6][7][8][9]


Tulipa humilis is a very variable species in both size and the appearance of the flowers. Several different names used in horticulture refer to this species. According to Christenhusz et al., the following should be included in T. humilis:[8]

  • Tulipa aucheriana Baker – wild plants are T. humilis var. aucheriana, cultivated plants can be treated as a cultivar group, T. humilis Aucheriana Group
  • Tulipa kurdica WendelboT. humilis var. kurdica
  • Tulipa pulchella (Regel) Baker – wild plants are T. humilis var. pulchella, cultivated plants T. humilis Pulchella Group
  • Tulipa violacea Boiss. & Buhse – wild plants are T. humilis var. violacea, cultivated plants T. humilis Violacea Group


  1. ^ a b Edwards's Bot. Reg. 30(Misc.): 30 (1844)
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Pacific Bulb Society
  4. ^ Herbert, William 1844. Edwards's Botanical Register 30: 30–31 description in Latin, commentary in English.
  5. ^ Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  6. ^ Rechinger, K.H., Browicz, K., Persson, K. & Wendelbo, P. (1990). Flora Iranica 165: 1-194. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  7. ^ Everett, D. (2013). The genus Tulipa Tulips of the world: 1-380. Kew publishing, Kew.
  8. ^ a b Christenhusz, Maarten J.M.; Govaerts, Rafaël; David, John C.; Hall, Tony; Borland, Katherine; Roberts, Penelope S.; Tuomisto, Anne; Buerki, Sven; Chase, Mark W.; Fay, Michael F. (2013). "Tiptoe through the tulips – cultural history, molecular phylogenetics and classification of Tulipa (Liliaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 172 (3): 280–328. doi:10.1111/boj.12061. 
  9. ^ Eker, I., Babaç, M.T. & Koyuncu, M. (2014). Revision of the genus Tulipa L. (Liliaceae) in Turkey. Phytotaxa 157: 1-112.