Tulipa linifolia

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Tulipa linifolia
Tulipa linifolia 1.JPG
Tulipa linifolia
Scientific classification
T. linifolia
Binomial name
Tulipa linifolia
  • Tulipa batalinii Regel
  • Tulipa maximowiczii Regel
  • Tulipa afghanica Markgr.

Tulipa linifolia the flax-leaved tulip or Bokhara tulip[5] is a species of flowering plant in the tulip genus Tulipa (Clusiana group), family Liliaceae, native to Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, northern Iran and Afghanistan.[4] Growing to 20 cm (8 in) tall, it is a bulbous perennial with wavy red-margined sword-shaped leaves, and bowl-shaped red flowers in early to mid-spring. Each petal has blackish marks at the base.[6]


For a general description of the taxonomic and nomenclature confusion, see Paghat's Garden,[7] especially for the relationship between T. linifolia and T. batalinii, and also Pacific Bulb Society.[8] T. linifolia is often referred to in horticulture as 'Batalinii Group'.[9] and also in some databases such as the USDA.[10]


The Latin specific epithet linifolia means "with leaves like flax" (Linum).[11][12]


T. linifolia 'Bronze Charm'
T. linifolia 'Bright Gem'

Several cultivars are grown as ornamental plants in gardens, including 'Bronze Charm' as well as series such as Gem ('Bright Gem',[7] 'Red Gem'[13] and 'Salmon Gem') and Jewel ('Apricot Jewel', 'Yellow Jewel').[14] Tulipa linifolia[15] and its cultivar 'Bright Gem'[9] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.


  1. ^ Regel: T. Linifolia. Gartenflora 35: 622 (1886)
  2. ^ Regel: T. Linifolia. Gartenflora 35: 1235 (1886)
  3. ^ Regel: Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaniceskago Sada. Acta Horti Petropolitani. St. Petersburg. 10: 688 (1887)
  4. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Cornell University: Tulip, Bkhara
  6. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  7. ^ a b Paghat's Garden: 'Bright Gem' Batalin's Botanical Tulip
  8. ^ John Grimshaw. Tupila batalinii & linifolia. Pacific Bulb Society 22 Jan 2004
  9. ^ a b "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia (Batalinii Group) 'Bright Gem'". Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  10. ^ USDA Plant profile: Tulipa batalinii Regel
  11. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
  12. ^ Eduard August von Regel. 1884. Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaniceskago Sada. Acta Horti Petropolitani. St. Petersburg. 8(3): 648
  13. ^ Paghat's Garden: 'Red Gem' Batalin's Botanical Tulip
  14. ^ Tulip Gallery: Apricot Jewel
  15. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia". Retrieved 21 July 2013.