Tulipa pulchella (syn. Tulipa humilis Herb.) is a dwarf tulip native to Iran and Turkey. It has a bulb 1–2 cm diameter, which produces a flowering stem up to 20 cm tall. The leaves are glaucous-green, 10–15 cm long. The flowers are reddish-purple, with six tepals 3 cm long and 1.5 cm broad.
It was introduced to Europe in the early 19th century, where a small number of cultivars are grown as ornamental plants in gardens. It is one of the few species with a considerable number of cultivars. These include 'Persian Pearl' (purple inside, red outside), 'Eastern Star' (magenta with yellow base), and 'Obalisque' (red inside, purple out). Varieties include var. violacea (purple with black base).