Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign
|Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign|
|Campaign||2020 United States presidential election (Democratic Party primaries)|
U.S. Representative (2013–2021)
Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives (2002–2004)
|Announced||January 11, 2019|
|Launched||February 2, 2019|
|Suspended||March 19, 2020|
|Key people||Erika Tsuji (spokesperson)|
|Slogan||Lead with Love|
from Hawaii's 2nd district
The 2020 presidential campaign of Tulsi Gabbard, the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, began on January 11, 2019. In January 2020, she was polling at about 1 to 2 percent. Had she won, she would have become the first female, Hindu, and Samoan president in American history, and the youngest person to ever hold the office. She made reducing military activity abroad a central message of her campaign.
Gabbard appeared on Joe Rogan's podcast in both September and November 2018, the latter along with Jocko Willink. On October 19, 2018, Politico reported that Gabbard was "weighing a 2020 presidential bid" but would not make an announcement until after the 2018 midterm elections. On December 12, 2018, Gabbard said on MSNBC's Hardball with Chris Matthews that she was "seriously considering" running for president in 2020.
Democratic primary campaign
On January 11, 2019, in an interview with CNN's Van Jones, Gabbard confirmed her intention to seek the Democratic presidential nomination. On January 24, she formally launched her campaign by releasing a video on her website.
The following week, NBC News notified the Gabbard campaign they would be publishing a story the week after her campaign kickoff rally, where NBC would assert Gabbard was supported by the "Russian propaganda machine". Instead, NBC released the story two hours before her campaign kickoff in Hawaii on February 2. Glenn Greenwald criticized NBC for relying on a firm that had previously tried to imitate "an elaborate 'false flag' operation" that would plant the idea that Alabama Senatorial candidate Roy Moore was being supported by a "Russian botnet".
Shortly after the announcement, campaign manager Rania Batrice and consulting firm Revolution Messaging departed from the campaign. Politico reported that sources "familiar with the campaign" referred to Gabbard as "indecisive and impulsive". Her staff insists that the vacancy in the campaign manager position is the result of "careful deliberation, not campaign dysfunction."
Gabbard was the most-searched-for candidate on Google after both the first and second Democratic primary debates. During the second debate, Gabbard criticized Kamala Harris's record as attorney general of California, accusing her of holding innocent people on death row and pointing out Harris's prosecution of marijuana crimes after admitting her own use. In May 2019, the DNC announced that candidates would need to have at least 130,000 individual donors and have received at least 2% support in four qualifying polls between June 28 and August 28 in order to qualify for the third primary debate. By August 2, the campaign had met the qualifying donor threshold, but had not yet reached the polling threshold.
On July 27, Tulsi Now Inc. filed a lawsuit against Google alleging that the internet company suspended, for no proper cause, the campaign's Google Ads account for several hours after the first primary debate. Gabbard declared: "Google plays favorites, with no warning, no transparency — and no accountability (until now)." The lawsuit contends that Google had treated the campaign's mail differently than it treated other campaigns' mail and seeks "an injunction against Google from further meddling in the election and damages of at least $50 million." On March 3, 2020, the lawsuit was dismissed by a federal judge.
On August 23, the Gabbard campaign criticized the stark drop in number of polls released by DNC-qualified polling organizations following the second debate. Five polls were released in the two weeks following the third debate. By August 26, two days before the deadline, the Gabbard campaign had exceeded the threshold on only two qualifying polls. The campaign called on the DNC to expand the selection of polls considered for qualification, noting that Gabbard had exceeded the 2% threshold in several unapproved polls. Nevertheless, Gabbard went on to qualify for both the October and November debates.
On December 9, Gabbard announced that she would not attend the December debate "regardless of whether or not there are qualifying polls." At the time of her announcement she had met the donor requirement and was one poll short of meeting the polling requirement for that debate. Between the November debate and her announcement there had been no qualifying polls in the early primary states and only two nationwide polls and Gabbard's campaign had unsuccessfully requested the DNC to accept an additional poll in New Hampshire as qualifying. Although she met the donor requirement for the December debate, she did not meet the polling requirement. The Boston Globe's Joe Battenfeld wrote that Gabbard and several other low-polling candidates "never had much of a chance" to qualify because of the low number of DNC-certified polls after the November debate. Nine presidential contenders signed an open letter from candidate Cory Booker to the DNC in which they criticized the committee for "unnecessarily and artificially narrowing" the pool of presidential candidates "before voters have had a chance to be heard". The DNC rejected the request by noting that candidates had a chance to give their feedback on the process before it was adopted and "not one campaign objected" to it.
Following Gabbard's participation in the November 2019 debate, she has not qualified for any further debates. Although Gabbard did have enough delegates to participate in the mid-March debate under the rules for previous debates, the qualification threshold increased. A DNC spokesperson stated, "Whoever is on the path of getting those delegates, we made sure we had a criterion that is fair and to make sure that people who are viable for the presidency and for the nomination are going to be on that."
In the first quarter of 2019, the campaign raised $4,495,770, with $1,995,770 from individual donations and $2,500,000 transferred from Gabbard's congressional campaign. In the second quarter, the campaign raised $1,567,204, bringing the total to $6,062,974 with 69% coming from "small dollar" donors giving $200 or less. In the third quarter, the campaign raised $3,032,159, bringing the total to $9,095,133 with 68% coming from small dollar donors giving $200 or less. In the fourth quarter, the campaign raised $3.4 million, bringing the total to $12.6 million. During 2019, Gabbard's campaign raised $10 million from individual contributions, which is the 11th position among all Democratic candidates. 61% of these contributions were small dollar donations below $200.
By January 26, 2020, the campaign had met the DNC's 225,000 individual donors qualifying criterion for participating in the first February 2020 debate, though she failed to reach the polling criteria.
Media coverage and controversy
Gabbard again appeared on The Joe Rogan Experience in May 2019, which was praised by Medium's Jake Mercier. However, Gabbard received disproportionately little mainstream media coverage in relation to her polling position. A study by Axios found that at end of August 2019, Gabbard was the 14th-most-mentioned candidate in cable news coverage even though she was polling in ninth place nationally. In addition, much of the coverage her campaign has received has been negative. In May 2019, Rolling Stone's Matt Taibbi stated, "we have hit a new low in campaign hit pieces" after critical coverage of Gabbard's campaign by CNN, The Daily Beast, and Politico. The Hill's Krystal Ball and Saagar Enjeti both described Gabbard as "the most unfairly maligned person in Washington". Lexicostatistical analysis confirmed that she received the most negative coverage during the June–September period.
After both the November and December 2019 Democratic debates, Saturday Night Live's parodies of the debates portrayed Gabbard as a villain, introducing her with menacing music and flashing lights.
In January and February 2020, CNN was criticized for snubbing Gabbard when the network did not invite her to their February New Hampshire town halls, although they invited lower-polling candidates. Gabbard's supporters held a protest near the venue against her exclusion by CNN. Ryan Grim opined that Gabbard's exclusion from CNN's town halls showed that the media perceived Gabbard as an illegitimate candidate and that her exclusion is undemocratic.
"Russian asset" accusations
During the 2016 United States presidential election, Tulsi Gabbard—then a member of the U.S. House of Representatives and vice chair of the Democratic National Committee (DNC)—endorsed Bernie Sanders for the Democratic Party's presidential nominee over his rival Hillary Clinton. In order to issue the endorsement, Gabbard first resigned as DNC vice-chair. According to the Washington Post, Gabbard's endorsement of Sanders was the genesis of what is described as "bad blood" between her and Clinton.
On the day Gabbard held her 2020 campaign launch event, NBC reported that "the main English-language news sites employed by Russia in its 2016 election meddling shows... Gabbard... has become a favorite of the sites Moscow used when it interfered in 2016." In October 2019, The New York Times reported that "an independent analysis of the Russian news media found that RT, the Kremlin-backed news agency, mentioned Gabbard frequently for a candidate polling in single digits, according to data collected by the Alliance for Securing Democracy."
In an October 12, 2019 article in the New York Times, correspondent Lisa Lerer reported that unnamed members of the Democratic Party had unspecified concerns "about supportive signs from online bot activity and the Russian news media" for Tulsi Gabbard, who was at the time seeking the party's nomination in the 2020 United States presidential election. Lerer also reported that the unspecified concerns were dismissed by Gabbard's supporters who considered them to be a conspiracy theory "designed to delegitimize her campaign and her foreign policy views".
On October 18, 2019, Hillary Clinton was reported to have said in an interview the day before on David Plouffe's podcast Campaign HQ with David Plouffe that Russia was "grooming" a female Democrat to run as a third-party candidate who would help President Trump win reelection by a spoiler effect. In the interview, Clinton stated, "I'm not making any predictions, but I think they've got their eye on somebody who is currently in the Democratic primary and are grooming her to be the third-party candidate. She's the favorite of the Russians". Following her remarks about Gabbard, Clinton then declared that Jill Stein was "also a Russian asset... she's a Russian asset, I mean, totally". That afternoon, Gabbard reacted to the widespread media reports by condemning Clinton's remarks in a series of Tweets. CNN host Van Jones, meanwhile, opined that Clinton's statement was "a complete smear with no facts". Several of her 2020 Democratic primary contenders defended Gabbard, including Bernie Sanders who tweeted "it is outrageous for anyone to suggest that Tulsi is a foreign asset". In reference to Clinton's allegation against Jill Stein, the Green Party issued a statement describing Clinton as "an asset of Wall Street, the police state and war" and declaring the assertion to be "salty neo-McCarthyism".
A CNN reporter subsequently inquired of Clinton spokesman Nick Merrill if Clinton was referring to Gabbard when she stated "somebody who is currently in the Democratic primary", to which Merrill replied, "If the nesting doll fits."[a] Merrill added that Gabbard were "aligned with Russian interests." During the evening, after Clinton's comments drew considerable criticism from both Democrats and Republicans, Merrill tweeted that Clinton was alleging Republicans were "grooming" Gabbard, not "the Russians", and that Clinton had been misinterpreted. During the following week, Clinton's "Russian asset" accusation against Gabbard was widely reported in the media and drew a lot of criticism, until some outlets published corrections on October 24, changing the identity of the "grooming" entity from "Russians" to "Republicans".
The Nation's James Carden compared the insinuations by Clinton and some establishment journalists against Gabbard with similar events involving other politicians and opined that these insinuations were part of what he felt was a long campaign of demonization and vilification against critics of the establishment consensus regarding Russia, and showed that McCarthyism had gone mainstream. Gabbard thanked Clinton on Twitter for "com[ing] out from behind the curtain" of what she called "a concerted campaign to destroy [her] reputation".
In December 2019, about 25 to 30 of Gabbard's campaign advertisement signs in Keene, New Hampshire, were the target of political vandalism when unknown persons defaced the signs by gluing the hammer and sickle symbol from the national flag of the Soviet Union onto them. Gabbard's campaign said this was "a continuation of the campaign of smears and intimidation that has been waged against Tulsi since she announced her candidacy."
Gabbard v. Clinton
Gabbard demanded a public retraction in November 2019, and, after not receiving one, she and her campaign organization, Tulsi Now, filed a defamation lawsuit on January 22, 2020 in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against Clinton, seeking damages in excess of $50 million. Gabbard's complaint alleged that Clinton's remark was intended to impugn Gabbard as an agent of influence of the Russian Federation and "derail Tulsi's presidential campaign".
Legal experts stated that Gabbard's lawsuit was highly unlikely to succeed given the high "actual malice" standard that applies to suits claiming defamation of a public figure. CNN's Dan Merica and New York's Ed Kilgore suggested that the lawsuit is a stunt to gain Gabbard publicity. In May 2020, Gabbard dropped her lawsuit against Clinton.
Gabbard also filed a lawsuit against Google for temporarily suspending her campaign's advertising account after an automated Google system detected unusual activity (the account was quickly reinstated). Gabbard asserted that Google had engaged in "election manipulation" and tried to "silence" her in violation of the First Amendment. A federal judge dismissed the lawsuit in March 2020, ruling that Google, as a private company, is not a state actor subject to the First Amendment.
Gabbard consistently polled in single digits in national polls. Gabbard polled at 1% in several major polls. In a poll conducted between July 9 and 18 of registered Democrats in New Hampshire, Gabbard and former Representative Beto O'Rourke were tied in sixth place at 2%. On August 19, 2019, Gabbard garnered 4.8% of the Iowa State Fair Straw Poll, placing 7th in a field of 24. On August 23, 2019, Gabbard's campaign stated that she had received 2% or more in 26 national and statewide polls, but only two of the polls were certified by the DNC. Gabbard received 4% in the early primary states subset of two non-qualifying Morning Consult national polls from August 25 and September 1. On September 4 she received 1% in the same states in qualifying polls sponsored by CBS News.
Between the debates of July 31 and September 12, Gabbard's polling average in New Hampshire was 1% in one debate-qualifying poll and 4.6% in five non-qualifying polls. By November 27, Gabbard held the fifth position in New Hampshire with 5% in the RealClearPolitics polling average.
In Iowa, Gabbard spent $195,000 on television advertisements. She received 0.2% of votes in the initial alignment of the Iowa caucuses and no delegates for the national convention. After the reporting difficulties at the caucus, Gabbard called for DNC chair Tom Perez to resign.
In New Hampshire, Gabbard spent $1 million on television advertising, amounting to 19% of Bernie Sanders' expenses. She held 130 campaign events, the second most after Andrew Yang, but neither gained traction in polls. In the New Hampshire primary, Gabbard received 3.3% of votes and no national delegates.
In the American Samoan caucus, Gabbard received 103 votes — or 29.3% of the total caucus-goers — and, initially, one delegate. She later earned a second delegate from American Samoa after an error made by the officials was discovered. Of the Super Tuesday primaries in the contiguous states, Gabbard received her highest percentage in Oklahoma, where she won 1.7% of the votes. In Super Tuesday II, Gabbard received 868 votes (1%) in Idaho, 9,461 votes (1%) in Michigan, 989 votes (0%) in Mississippi, 4,879 votes (1%) in Missouri, and 89 votes (1%) in North Dakota. She received 12,391 votes, or 0.85%, in the Washington State Democratic Primary. Gabbard had a similar performance in the Super Tuesday III primaries, in each of which she received less than 1% of the vote.
Following the suspension of the campaigns of all the Democratic Party candidates except Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders by early March 2020, Gabbard became the only woman or person of color still in the presidential race. She told ABC News she was staying in the race because it is "an opportunity to speak to Americans every single day about the sea change we need in our foreign policy."
In March, during the coronavirus pandemic, Gabbard stated in a tweet that she was opposed to holding primaries until the pandemic eases due to the risk of the virus spreading, along with concerns that it could reduce turnout among elderly voters.
After Campaign Suspension
After Gabbard's withdrawal from the race, she received several results that were higher than her contiguous Super Tuesday peak of 1.7% in Oklahoma. This included her 3.08% in Puerto Rico, 2.75% in Nebraska, 2.70% in Pennsylvania, 2.23% in West Virginia, and 1.73% in Oregon. She did not earn any further delegates.
Gabbard, who is of Samoan descent and 26% Southeast Asian became the second woman of color (after Shirley Chisholm) and the first Asian-American and Pacific-Islander (AAPI) presidential candidate to earn major party primary delegates. She was also the only non-white Democratic party candidate to earn delegates in the 2020 election cycle.
- Political positions of Tulsi Gabbard
- Endorsements in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries
- Strauss, Daniel; Thompson, Alex (January 29, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard campaign in disarray". Politico.
- DeRensis, Hunter (January 14, 2019). "Are the Democrats ready for Tulsi Gabbard?". The National Interest. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Kelly, Caroline. "Rep. Gabbard says she will run for president in 2020". CNN. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- Balz, Dan; Guskin, Emily (January 25, 2020). "Biden and Sanders are breaking away from the pack of candidates among Democrats nationwide, Washington Post-ABC News poll finds". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Bonn, Tess (January 30, 2020). "Bloomberg surges past Warren into third place in new national poll". The Hill. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Astor, Maggie (January 11, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard, Representative From Hawaii, Announces Democratic Presidential Bid". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Dovere, Edward-Isaac (September 5, 2019). "The Enduring Mystery of Tulsi Gabbard". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
- Jason Lalljee; Rebecca Morin (March 19, 2020). "Tulsi Gabbard ends presidential campaign, backs Joe Biden". USA Today. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
- Alcindor, Yamiche (February 28, 2016). "Tulsi Gabbard, Rising Democratic Star, Endorses Bernie Sanders". The New York Times. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
- Angell, Tom (September 11, 2018). "Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard Talks Marijuana And Psychedelics With Joe Rogan". Marijuana Moment. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Olohan, Mary Margaret (November 26, 2019). "Tulsi to Joe Rogan: Democratic Debates Are 'Political Reality TV' And 'Money-Driven, Ratings-Driven Venture'". The National Interest. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Thompson, Alex (October 19, 2018). "Tulsi Gabbard weighing 2020 presidential bid". POLITICO. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
- "Tulsi Gabbard: "I'm Seriously Considering" Running For President | Hardball |", MSNBC, retrieved December 17, 2018
- McAvoy, Audrey (January 24, 2019). "Hawaii's Gabbard formally launches campaign for president". Associated Press. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
- Taibbi, Matt (August 9, 2019). "Who's Afraid of Tulsi Gabbard?". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- Windrem, Robert; Popken, Ben (February 2, 2019). "Russia's propaganda machine discovers 2020 Democratic candidate Tulsi Gabbard". NBC News. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- Greenwald, Glenn (February 3, 2019). "NBC News, to Claim Russia Supports Tulsi Gabbard, Relies on Firm Just Caught Fabricating Russia Data for the Democratic Party". The Intercept. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
- Wang, Amy B (July 28, 2019). "'A different type of vibe': What does Tulsi Gabbard's 2020 run say about America?". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- Cummings, William (August 1, 2019). "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard is again the most-searched candidate on Google during Democratic debate". USA Today. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
- Flynn, Meagan (August 1, 2019). "'You owe them an apology': Gabbard's attack highlights Harris's complex death penalty record". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
- Greenwood, Max; Easley, Jonathan (August 4, 2019). "Harris shows she can take debate punch after Gabbard attack". The Hill. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
- Epstein, Reid J. (August 28, 2019). "Democratic Candidates Jostle, and Gripe, as Debates Winnow the Field". The New York Times. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- Axelrod, Tal (August 2, 2019). "Gabbard reaches donor threshold for September debate". The Hill. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- Patrick, Kate (July 31, 2019). "Guest Commentary: Tulsi Gabbard sues Google for $50M over censorship claims". NWI Times. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
- Daisuke Wakabayashi (July 25, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard, Democratic Presidential Candidate, Sues Google for $50 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
- McKay, Tom (March 4, 2020). "Tulsi Gabbard's PR Stunt Thrown Out By Federal Judge". Gizmodo. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- *Gabbard, Tulsi (August 23, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard's Campaign Calls On the DNC to Ensure Fairness and Transparency in Debate Requirements". Politico. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
- Skelley, Geoffrey (August 26, 2019). "Here's Who's Qualified For The Third Democratic Debate". Fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- McLaughlin, Seth (August 26, 2019). "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard knocks DNC over debate qualifying rules". The Washington Times. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
- Jha, Ritu (August 26, 2019). "Gabbard campaign wants more transparency in Dem debate requirements". Indica News. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
- Stevens, Matt (September 24, 2019). "There Are Now 12 Candidates in the Next Democratic Debate". New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Montellaro, Zach (November 6, 2019). "Gabbard and Klobuchar hit debate polling thresholds". Politico. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Behrmann, Savannah (December 10, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard says she will skip the December Democratic debate". USA Today. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Ball, Krystal; Enjeti, Saagar (December 10, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard reacts to Afghanistan report, calls out Pete's McKinsey work". The Hill. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Montellaro, Zach (December 5, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard, Andrew Yang teeter on debate bubble". Politico. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Skelley, Geoffrey (December 11, 2019). "Why It's Tougher To Qualify For The December Democratic Debate". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Battenfeld, Joe (December 11, 2019). "Battenfeld: Democratic National Committee needs to practice a little diversity". The Boston Globe. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- Beggin, Riley (December 15, 2019). "Top Democratic candidates ask the DNC to allow more candidates to participate in debates". Vox. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Gray, Rosie (February 11, 2020). "Tulsi Gabbard Hopes Libertarian-Minded New Hampshire Will Save Her Presidential Run". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Moreno, J. Edward (March 6, 2020). "New standards eliminate Tulsi Gabbard from next Democratic debate". The Hill. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Tulsi Gabbard likely to be excluded from next Democratic debate". NBC News. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Blitzer, Ronn (March 4, 2020). "DNC says debate 'threshold will go up' after Gabbard clears previous mark". Fox News. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Creitz, Charles (March 10, 2020). "Bill Hemmer challenges DNC spokesperson on new debate rules: 'What do you say to' Tulsi Gabbard?". Fox News. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Ahmed, Akbar Shahid (January 31, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard Claims Anti-War Credentials After Accepting Over $100,000 From Arms Dealers". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "GABBARD, TULSI Candidate for President ID: P00009183". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "In 2020 Democratic Fund-Raising, Five Candidates Stand Out". The New York Times. July 16, 2019. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- McMinn, Sean; Hurt, Alyson (October 16, 2019). "Tracking The Money Race Behind The Presidential Campaign". National Public Radio. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
- Montellaro, Zach (January 2, 2020). "Gabbard raises $3.4 million but lags behind 2020 frontrunners". Politico. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
- Jester, Julia (January 26, 2020). "With today's plethora of polls, @AndrewYang becomes the 7th candidate to make it onto the February DNC debate stage in #FITN New Hampshire. @TulsiGabbard now has 2 of 4 qualifying polls — her campaign confirms to @NBCNews that Gabbard has reached the 225k unique donor threshold". NBC News. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
- Mercier, Jake (May 14, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard Shined On Joe Rogan's Podcast — Here's Her Best Moments". Medium. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Multiple sources:
- Mehta, Dhrumil (March 20, 2019). "Which Candidate Got The Most Kickoff Coverage?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Scher, Brent (June 27, 2019). "Gabbard Commands Most Interest, but Gets Little Cable News Attention". The Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Ball, Krystal (September 3, 2019). "Progressive commentator Kyle Kulinski: Why the media dismisses Gabbard, Yang, and Sanders". The Hill. Retrieved February 5, 2020 – via YouTube.
Act like they do not exist.
- MacDonald, Tyler (December 2, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard Supporters Push 'Tulsi Media Blackout' Hashtag Following Media Exclusions". Inquisitr. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- MacDonald, Tyler (January 7, 2020). "Eric Weinstein Says Media Coverage Of Yang And Gabbard Is 'Declaration Of War' On Democracy". Inquisitr. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- "Which Democrats Are Leading the 2020 Presidential Race?". The New York Times. January 31, 2020. Archived from the original on January 31, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
- Mehta, Dhrumil (October 14, 2019). "Warren Has Recently Been Mentioned More On Fox News Than Other Networks". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
- Clarke, Chrissy (September 3, 2019). "Study: Andrew Yang, Tulsi Gabbard Receive Disproportionately Small Media Coverage". The Federalist. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Rothschild, Neal; Fischer, Sara (September 3, 2019). "Andrew Yang gets media cold shoulder". Axios. Archived from the original on October 31, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Taibbi, Matt (May 21, 2019). "We've Hit a New Low in Campaign Hit Pieces". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- Ball, Krystal; Enjeti, Saagar (September 26, 2019). "Saagar Enjeti: Tulsi's outstanding answer on identity politics". The Hill. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Bajak, Aleszu (September 30, 2019), Gabbard, Booker and Biden get most negative media coverage over last four months, Storybench
- Mansoor, Sanya (November 24, 2019). "Democrat Candidates Talk Memes and Marijuana in Mock Saturday Night Live Debate". Time. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Folley, Aris (December 22, 2019). "'SNL' mocks Tulsi Gabbard after 'present' vote on impeachment: 'Democrats, I'll get you, my party, and your little mayor too'". The Hill. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Grube, Nick (January 27, 2020). "CNN Gives Gabbard The Cold Shoulder In New Hampshire". Honolulu Civil Beat. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Wulfsohn, Joseph A. (February 4, 2020). "Tulsi Gabbard organizing protest at venue for CNN's town hall after being snubbed from event". Fox News. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Enjeti, Saagar; Grim, Ryan (January 29, 2020). "Is CNN colluding with Dem establishment to suppress Tulsi?". The Hill. At 1:37. Retrieved February 15, 2020 – via YouTube.
- Bradner, Eric (February 28, 2016). "Dem. congresswoman quits DNC post, endorses Bernie Sanders". CNN. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Itkowitz, Colby (October 19, 2019). "Battle lines drawn after Clinton and Gabbard exchange insults". Washington Post. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Haltiwanger, John (February 4, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard accuses NBC of trying to smear her as 'Kremlin stooge' to 'discredit' her 2020 campaign". Business Insider.
- Lerer, Lisa (October 12, 2019). "What, Exactly, Is Tulsi Gabbard Up To?". The New York Times.
- Lerer, Lisa (November 19, 2019). "What, Exactly, Is Tulsi Gabbard Up To?". New York Times. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Dareh Gregorian; Monica Alba; Maura Barrett (October 24, 2019). "Hillary Clinton suggests Republicans are grooming Tulsi Gabbard for third-party run". NBC News. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- Blake, Aaron (October 19, 2019). "Hillary Clinton suggests Putin has kompromat on Trump, Russia will back Tulsi Gabbard third-party bid". Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
Clinton did not provide any evidence for her claim
- Joan, Greve (October 19, 2019). "Hillary Clinton hints Russia is grooming Tulsi Gabbard as third-party candidate". The Guardian. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
...the former secretary of state told David Plouffe in his "Campaign HQ" podcast without providing evidence.
- Merica, Dan (October 21, 2019). "Hillary Clinton suggests Russians are 'grooming' Tulsi Gabbard for third-party run". CNN. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Klar, Rebecca (January 22, 2020). "Gabbard suing Clinton for defamation over 'Russian asset' comments". The Hill. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Valverde, Miriam (January 22, 2020). "In Context: Hillary Clinton on Tulsi Gabbard, the Trump campaign and Russia". Politifact. Poynter Institute. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Gabbard, Tulsi (October 18, 2019). "Great! Thank you @HillaryClinton. You, the queen of warmongers, embodiment of corruption, and personification of the rot that has sickened the Democratic Party for so long, have finally come out from behind the curtain. From the day I announced my candidacy, there has been a ..." Tulsi Gabbard. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- O'Connor, Lydia (October 21, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Defends Tulsi Gabbard Against Hillary Clinton's Comments". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Stuart, Tessa (October 18, 2019). "Green Party Torches Hillary Clinton For Claiming Jill Stein Is 'Totally' a Russian Asset". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Pearce, Tim (October 18, 2019). "'If the nesting doll fits': Clinton aide defiant on Tulsi Gabbard 'Russian asset' claim". Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- "The Matryoshka Doll in Russian Culture". macalester.edu. Macalester College. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Merrill, Nick (October 18, 2019). "Folks, listen to the podcast. She doesn't say the Russians are grooming anyone. It was a question about Republicans". Nick Merrill. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- Nicholas, Wu (October 24, 2019). "What's the dispute between Hillary Clinton and Tulsi Gabbard about?". USA Today. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- Carden, James (October 28, 2019). "The Demonization of Dissent". The Nation. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Crowley, James (January 2, 2020). "Tulsi Gabbard Campaign Signs Vandalized With Soviet Communist Symbol in New Hampshire". Newsweek. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
- Taibbi, Matt (January 8, 2020). "Campaign Diary: Notes from the Most Unpredictable Primary Race Ever". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
- Peterson, Beatrice (January 22, 2020). "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard files defamation lawsuit against Hillary Clinton". ABC News. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- Whitesides, John (January 22, 2020). "Democratic White House contender Gabbard sues Hillary Clinton for 'Russian asset' comment". Reuters. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
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