Location of Tulum Municipality in Quintana Roo
|Established||13 March 2008|
|• Municipal President||Marciano Dzul Caamal|
|• Land||2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||13.9/km2 (36/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern Standard Time)|
Tulum is one of the eleven municipalities that make up the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It became one of the newest municipalities in the country when it was formed on March 13, 2008, when it was separated from Solidaridad Municipality.
The municipality of Tulum borders the municipalities of Solidaridad to the north and Felipe Carrillo Puerto to the south, in the state of Quintana Roo. It also borders Chemax Municipality and Valladolid Municipality in the state of Yucatán on the northwest, and the Caribbean Sea on the east.
Orography and hydrography
Like most of the Yucatan Peninsula Tulum is entirely flat with a gentle slope towards the sea, so from west to east, the area never reaches a higher altitude than 25 metres (82 ft) above sea level. The municipality is 5 metres (16 ft) above sea level on average.
Like the rest of the peninsula's surface the land has a limestone base that does not allow the formation of surface water flows such as rivers and streams; the water instead flows in underground rivers that sometimes rise to the surface in the cenotes. Lakes and cenotes are the major bodies of water in the municipality.
The municipality consists of 170 populated localities, plus an additional 224 unpopulated localities, and includes part of a biosphere reserve (Sian Ka'an, which lies mostly in neighboring Felipe Carrillo Puerto Municipality). The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Francisco Hu May|
|Javier Rojo Gómez (Punta Allen)|
|Manuel Antonio Hay|
|2010 was the 1st census year for Tulum.|
Source: INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía
Tulum has 28,263 inhabitants according to the 2010 census, a figure that has more than doubled in the last five years. There is an additional 15,000 to 20,000 people living and working in Tulum as part of its floating population. That number rises and falls with the tourist season and is not reflected in the census figures.
- "Municipio de Tulum". Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- "Discuten por nuevo municipio". Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- Javier Chávez. "Tulum se convierte en el noveno municipio de Quintana Roo". Retrieved 2008-03-13.[dead link]
- 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine.
- INEGI. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Censo de Población y Vivienda 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010. Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.
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