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Alternative namesbalah ash-sham (Arabic: بلح الشام‎)
Place of originOttoman Empire
Region or stateCountries of the former Ottoman Empire, Balkans, Middle East, South Caucasus
Main ingredientsFlour, butter, salt, water, syrup

Tulumba or Bamiyeh (Persian: بامیه) is a deep-fried dessert found in Iran and the regional cuisines of the former Ottoman Empire, and ultimately originated in the Levant. It is a fried batter soaked in syrup, similar to jalebis and churros. It is made from unleavened dough lump (about 3 cm long) given a small ovoid shape with ridges along it using a pastry bag or cookie press with a suitable end piece. It is first deep-fried to golden colour and then sugar-sweet syrup is poured over it when still hot. It is eaten cold, and is traditionally served for Chanukah and other special occasions by Turkish[1], Israeli[2] and Persian Jews[3]


Tulumba literally means 'pump' in Turkish from Italian: tromba. The dessert is called pomba in Cypriot Greek and bombacık in Cypriot Turkish. In Armenian cuisine it may be called either pomp or tulumba (Armenian: թուլումբա). Tulumba features in Albanian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek (Greek: τουλούμπα), Azeri (Azerbaijani: Ballıbadı) and Turkish cuisines. The sweet is also found in Persian cuisine as bamiyeh (Persian: باميه‎). In Hejazi it is called ṭurumba (Arabic: طُرُمْبَة‎) directly from Italian: tromba, but in Egyptian and some Arab cuisines it is called balah ash-sham (Arabic: بلح الشام‎), and in Iraqi cuisine it is known as datli (Arabic: داطلي‎).

Main ingredients[edit]

It is made from a yogurt[citation needed] and starch based dough, which is fried before being dipped in syrup. It is a special sweet often enjoyed at Iftar in Ramadan.[4] It is also commonly served with its counterpart, the zulbiā, which is prepared the same way, but the only difference is that it has a web-like arrangement consisting of strips of dough.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Onza's new dessert menu reveals secret recipes from Turkish moms". Time Out. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  2. ^ Gur, Janna. From Minsk to Marrakesh: Jewish Soul Food.
  3. ^ "Beyond The Jelly Doughnut". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Muslims break fast on first day of Ramadan". USA Today. Associated Press. November 4, 2005. Retrieved August 19, 2010.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Tulumba at Wikimedia Commons