Tumak language

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Native to Chad
Region Southwest
Native speakers
25,000 (1993 census)[1]
  • Tumak
  • Motun
  • Mawer
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tmc
Glottolog tuma1260[2]

Tumak, also known as Toumak, Tumag, Tummok, Sara Toumak, Tumac, and Dije, is an Afro-Asiatic language spoken in the southwestern Chadian prefectures of Moyen-Chari and Koumra. Motun (Mod) and Tumak dialects have a lexical similarity of only 70%;[1] Blench (2006) lists Tumak, Motun, and Mawer as separate languages.[3] Most Motun speakers use some Sara.[1]

The "Gulei" listed in Greenberg might be a dialect of Tumak.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Tumak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tumak". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Blench, 2006. The Afro-Asiatic Languages: Classification and Reference List (ms)
  4. ^ Chadic Newsletter
  • Jean-Pierre Caprile, Lexique Tumak-Français (Tchad) (1975). Dietrich Reimer, 140 pp. ISBN 3-496-00540-8.