Tumansky M-87

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Type Radial aero engine
National origin Soviet Union
Manufacturer Tumansky
First run 1938
Developed into Tumansky M-88

The Tumansky M-87 was a Soviet air-cooled aircraft radial engine that was developed in the late 1930s.


In 1934, USSR licensed the French Gnome-Rhone 14K aircraft engine producing 800 hp (595 kW), which entered production as the M-85.[1] The engine was subsequently modified to M-86 which produced 960 hp (715 kW) at takeoff thanks to increased supercharging and a higher compression ratio.[1] The M-87 was created to further increase the power output. Cylinders and pistons were revised to increase the compression ratio and the supercharger was redesigned. The resulting engine had better high-altitude performance and entered production in 1938. However, the engine proved unreliable and suffered from failure of gears in the reduction gearbox.[1] Later the M-88 was designed to address the shortcomings of the M-87. At first the M-88 was not a success, but the designers persisted, and the M-88 was made into a reliable and widely produced engine. The M-87 was used in Ilyushin Il-4 and Sukhoi Su-2 bombers, and the Polikarpov I-180 fighter.

In hindsight the Tumansky family of engines developed from Gnome-Rhône 9K and Gnome-Rhône 14K, were far less successful than the Shvetsov family of engines developed from the Wright R-1820.[citation needed]

Specifications (M-87)[edit]

Family tree of Tumansky engines

General characteristics

  • Type: Two-row, 14-cylinder, air-cooled supercharged radial engine
  • Bore: 146 mm (5.748 in)
  • Stroke: 165 mm (6.496 in)
  • Displacement: 38.673 L (2,360 in³)
  • Dry weight: 640 kg (1,140 lb)



See also[edit]

Related development
Related lists


  1. ^ a b c "DB-3". Airpages.ru. Retrieved 2007-01-08.