|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2010)|
|Single by The Rolling Stones|
|from the album Exile on Main St.|
|B-side||"Sweet Black Angel"|
|Released||14 April 1972|
Villa Nellcôte, France
|Label||Rolling Stones Records|
|The Rolling Stones singles chronology|
"Tumbling Dice" is a rock song written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards for The Rolling Stones' 1972 double album Exile on Main St., and was the album's first single. The single peaked at number 7 on the US charts and number 5 in the UK.
The lyrics tell the story of a gambler who cannot remain faithful to any woman. The music has a blues boogie-woogie rhythm. "Tumbling Dice" has been performed in many of the band's concerts. Cover versions have been created in such diverse styles as reggae, bluegrass and noise rock. An updated version from a female perspective was also a top 40 single for Linda Ronstadt in 1978, which is included in the film FM.
The Rolling Stones version
An early version of "Tumbling Dice", called "Good Time Women", was recorded in 1970 during the sessions for Exile on Main Street. The song is a bluesy boogie-woogie, heavy on Ian Stewart's piano work. The two songs are similar in structure in that they have the same chord progression and a similar melody. Also, Jagger sings the hook to the accompaniment of Taylor's lone lead guitar. However, "Good Time Women" lacked an opening riff, a background choir and the beat which propels "Tumbling Dice"'s groove. (An October 1970 recording of "Good Time Women" was released in 2010 on the deluxe remastered release of Exile on Main St.)
"Tumbling Dice" was recorded in the basement of the chateau Villa Nellcôte, near Villefranche-sur-Mer, France. The recording schedule for Exile on Main St. had the band sleeping all day and recording with whoever was around at night. The basic track of the song was recorded on 3 August 1971. Mick Taylor, the Rolling Stones' second guitarist, played bass on the track, due to bassist Bill Wyman's absence that night, and Mick Jagger plays guitar.
In Rolling With the Stones, Bill Wyman said: "On 3 August we worked on 'Good Time Woman' and when I arrived the following day I found Mick Taylor playing bass. I hung around until 3am then left." In the liner notes to Jump Back: The Best of The Rolling Stones, Richards said, "I remember writing the riff upstairs in the very elegant front room, and we took it downstairs the same evening and we cut it." Jagger said of the lyrics, "It's weird where your lyric things come from. On Tumbling Dice, I sat down with the house keeper and talked to her about gambling. She liked to play dice and I really didn't know much about it, but I got it off her and managed to make the song out of that." " He concluded, "Tumbling Dice" was written to fit Keith's riff. It's about gambling and love, an old blues trick."
Recording engineer Andy Johns said, "I know we had a hundred reels of tape on the basic track. That was a good song, but it was really like pulling teeth. It just went on and on and on." Some have said that it may have taken as many as 150 takes to get the basic track of the song. The mixing of the album was also difficult. Jagger has never liked the final mix of the song. In an interview with Melody Maker, Jagger said, "I think they used the wrong mix for that one. I know they did."
The single was released on 14 April 1972. It was the Rolling Stones' 23rd single in the United States and their 17th in the United Kingdom. The single's B-side was "Sweet Black Angel", a song written by Jagger about Black Panther activist Angela Davis.
- Mick Jagger - lead vocals, rhythm guitar
- Keith Richards - lead guitar, backing vocals
- Mick Taylor - bass
- Charlie Watts - drums
- Jimmy Miller - drums (coda)
- Nicky Hopkins - piano
- Bobby Keys - sax
- Jim Price - trumpet, trombone
- Clydie King, Vanetta Fields, plus friend - backing vocals
"Tumbling Dice" is known for its "groove", with Aerosmith's Joe Perry saying the song is, "so laid-back, it really sucks you in..." The song's tempo has often been credited with creating that groove. In concert, Jagger and Richards have been known to argue over the speed of the song, with Jagger trying to push the song's tempo a bit faster.
The song's lyrical structure is irregular. While many songs have the same number of lines for the verse or chorus, the first verse has eight lines, the second verse has six lines, and the last verse has two lines. The song's first chorus has two lines, the second chorus has three, and the third chorus has twelve lines.
At the beginning of every chorus, the piano, bass and drums drop out and the backing vocals sing "you got to roll me" as the guitar plays the song's signature guitar figure. The third chorus leads into the song's coda. Slowly, the band's rhythm section works its way back into the song. The coda includes a call and response with the backing vocals singing "you got to roll me" as Jagger and Richards respond by singing "keep on rolling." This happens over a pounding beat laid down by Charlie Watts. After a few measures, Watts resumes playing his regular drum pattern. The coda continues for another minute as Jagger ad-libs lyrics until the fade out. It has now been acknowledged after more than 40 years, Jimmy Miller played the last part of the song right as the coda begins. Rumors state that Watts had trouble with the timing of the song, and Miller substituted the final recording.
The Rolling Stones performed "Tumbling Dice" live for the first time on 3 June 1972 at the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver, British Columbia, at the start of their 1972 North American Tour. Since then, only seven regular tour concerts and a handful of benefit shows have not included "Tumbling Dice". From 29 April to 3 May 1976, during the European tour 1976, the Stones did not feature the song in the setlist. The first two nights of the 1999 No Security Tour did not feature "Tumbling Dice" making them the first regular tour concerts in 23 years not to feature "Tumbling Dice".   On 17 September 2005 "Tumbling Dice" was missing from the set list of a show on the A Bigger Bang Tour.
Several live recordings of the song have been released. The 1977 double album Love You Live features a version recorded on 7 June 1976 at Les Abattoirs, Paris, France. The 2008 release Shine a Light captures a New York City performance from the 2006 leg of the A Bigger Bang Tour, while a July 2013 performance in London's Hyde Park is included in Sweet Summer Sun: Hyde Park Live.
Additionally, a live version of the song was recorded for Stripped, the 1995 live album that documented the Voodoo Lounge Tour, but did not appear on that album. The recording crossfades from a backstage vocal rehearsal of the song on solo piano to an onstage performance of the song. The backstage rehearsal was recorded at the Olympia Theatre, Paris, France on 3 July 1995. The live performance happened at Joe Robbie Stadium, Miami, Florida on 25 November 1994. This recording can be found on both the 1996 "Wild Horses" (live) single and the Rarities 1971-2003 album.
Many Stones concert films have included "Tumbling Dice": Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones (1974), Let's Spend the Night Together (1983), Stones at the Max (1992), The Rolling Stones: Voodoo Lounge Live (1995), Bridges to Babylon Tour '97–98 (1998), Rolling Stones - Four Flicks (2004), The Biggest Bang (2007), Shine a Light (2008).
Due to its length and musical scope, most reviews of Exile on Main St. glossed over the album's individual songs to focus on the album as a whole. However, Lenny Kaye, in his review for Rolling Stone, took a paragraph to describe the song.
- But it's left to "Tumbling Dice" to not just place a cherry on the first side, but to also provide one of the album's only real moves towards a classic. As the guitar figure slowly falls into Charlie's inevitable smack, the song builds to the kind of majesty the Stones at their best have always provided. Nothing is out of place here. Keith's simple guitar figure providing the nicest of bridges, the chorus touching the upper levels of heaven and spurring on Jagger, set up by an arrangement that is both unique and imaginative. It's definitely the cut that deserved the single, and the fact that it's not likely to touch number one shows we've perhaps come a little further than we originally intended.
Disc magazine on April 15, 1972, said:
- Unison guitars from Keith and Mick Taylor, rather than double-tracking, lead us out and down the hole in the middle. By that time, hypnosis has set in and you are cursing the fact that the single doesn't last six minutes longer." 
The song has earned spots on numerous "best of" lists.
- Spin magazine ranked it as the third greatest single of all time.
- Rolling Stone magazine ranked it as #424 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time (#433 on the 2011 update).
- Q magazine ranked it #258 in their 1001 Greatest Songs of All Time.
Linda Ronstadt version
|Single by Linda Ronstadt|
|from the album Simple Dreams|
|B-side||I Never Will Marry|
|Genre||Rock, Classic rock|
|Linda Ronstadt singles chronology|
Linda Ronstadt covered the song for her Simple Dreams album in 1977. Produced by Peter Asher and released on Asylum Records as a single in the spring of 1978, she had a hit with "Tumbling Dice" charting at number 32 on the Billboard Hot 100. Ronstadt starred and performed the song in the movie FM. Her live version appeared on the soundtrack album to the 1978 movie FM.
In an interview with Hit Parader magazine, she stated that her band played "Tumbling Dice" for sound checks, but nobody knew the words. Jagger suggested that Linda should sing more hard rock songs and suggested "Tumbling Dice". She even made him write down the lyrics.
In 2001, Hilary Rosen, representing the RIAA, testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs and listed a number of songs that would be in danger of censorship. Among those were Linda Ronstadt's cover of "Tumbling Dice", which Rosen (probably confusing it with "Midnight Rambler") said was "a song about rape written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards."
- The band Pussy Galore covered all of the album Exile on Main St. on their album Exile on Main Street. Johnny Copeland recorded a cover version for Rolling Stones tribute album Paint it, Blue: Songs of the Rolling Stones. For Copeland, who died of complications from heart surgery, it would be the last song he would ever record.
- The neo-nazi UK punk rock band Skrewdriver began their career during the 1970s as a Rolling Stones covers band called Tumbling Dice.
- American band The Gaslight Anthem included a cover version on their 2014 album The B-Sides.
- Phish performed this song as part of their Halloween show in 2009 when they covered the entire Exile on Main Street album.
- Keith Urban performed a version on The Jimmy Fallon Show (May 2010).
- Andrea Re recorded a version for Exile on Blues Street,an album of ten songs from Exile on Main St. redone by musicians.
- Legendary Bluegrass band Honeywell recorded a version for Paint It Blue: A Bluegrass Tribute to the Rolling Stones.
- Reggae version by Owen Gray did a version of it for a 1972 single.
- The band God Mountain recorded a version of it for an album of Stones covers called As Tears Go By.
- Barry Goldberg would record a version on Stoned Again.
- Molly Hatchet would record a version on Kingdom of XII.
- Jill Johnson and Kim Carnes recorded this song as a duet, which is on the 2007 Jill Johnson album Music Row.
- Bon Jovi have covered it live. A live version appears on the special edition version of their album These Days.
- The band Scubba, released a dreamy, conga dominated rhythm,breathy vocals, version for the "Bossa N' Stones" collection.
- ^ Wyman p. 391
- ^ Jump Back: The Best of the Rolling Stones "Tumbling Dice" Entry
- ^ Ibid.
- ^ "The Greatest Songs Ever! Tumbling Dice, by Johnny Black, Blender, May 2003
- ^ Perry p. 68
- ^ Wyman p. 391
- ^ "The Greatest Songs Ever! Tumbling Dice, by Johnny Black, Blender, May 2003
- ^ Perry p. 67
- ^ Karnbach p. 174
- ^ Jan. 25, 1999 set list from It's Only Rock and Roll - The Rolling Stones Fan Club
- ^ Jan. 27, 1999 set list from It's Only Rock and Roll - The Rolling Stones Fan Club
- ^ Sept. 17, 2005 set list from It's Only Rock and Roll - The Rolling Stones Fan Club
- ^ Karnbach p. 162
- ^ Karnbach p. 310
- ^ Karnbach p. 158
- ^ Karnbach p. 351
- ^ Kaye
- ^ Wyman p. 391
- ^ SPIN's 100 Greatest Singles Of All Time (1989), Retrieved Dec 5, 2005.
- ^ Q Magazine 1001 Greatest Songs of All Time Retrieved Dec. 5, 2005.
- ^ Robinson
- ^ "Rosen rapes Rolling Stones" by David Marsh, Starpolish, August 6, 2001, retrieved November 30, 2005
- Black, Johnny (2003). "The Greatest Songs Ever! Tumbling Dice". Blender.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Tumbling Dice". Allmusic. Retrieved December 5, 2005.
- Karnbach, James; Berson, Carol (1997). It's Only Rock and Roll - The Ultimate Guide to the Rolling Stones. Facts On File. ISBN 0-8160-3547-4.
- Kaye, Lenny (1972). ""Tumbling Dice" Puts the Cherry on the First Side of "Main Street"". Rolling Stone.[dead link]
- Marsh, David. "Rosen rapes Rolling Stones". Starpolish. Retrieved November 30, 2005.
- Marsh, David; Swenson, John (1979). The Rolling Stone Records Guide. Random House. ISBN 0-394-73535-8.
- Perry, John (1999). Exile on Main Street - The Rolling Stones. Schermer Books, New York. ISBN 0-8256-7180-9.
- Robinson, Lisa (1978). ""Linda Ronstadt, The Hit Parader Interview",". Hit Parader.
- Wyman, Bill (2002). Rolling with The Stones. DK Publishing, New York. ISBN 0-7894-8967-8.