Tumlong

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Tumlong
town
Tumlong is located in Sikkim
Tumlong
Tumlong
Location in Sikkim, India
Coordinates: 27°25′N 88°35′E / 27.42°N 88.58°E / 27.42; 88.58Coordinates: 27°25′N 88°35′E / 27.42°N 88.58°E / 27.42; 88.58
Country  India
State Sikkim
District North Sikkim
Elevation 1,473 m (4,833 ft)
Languages
 • Official Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Tumlong is a village in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is located in North Sikkim district and was historically the capital of Sikkim.

History[edit]

In 1894, Thutob Namgyal, the chogyal (monarch) shifted the capital of Sikkim from Tumlong to the current Gangtok. Tumlong was the third capital after Yuksom and Rabdentse close to Nepal. After repeated raids, the capital was shifted to Tumlong, further inland, in 1793 by Tshudpud Namgyal. The Treaty of Tumlong was signed here in 1861 between the British and the Sikkim Rajah. [1]

Geography[edit]

Tumlong is located at 27°25′N 88°35′E / 27.42°N 88.58°E / 27.42; 88.58.[2] It has an average elevation of 1,473 metres (4,833 feet).

People[edit]

Many of the men are monks at the monastery at the top of the village. The villagers speak Buhti, Nepali and Hindi. The population is approximately less than 100.

Education[edit]

Tumlong has an elementary school and is a short walk from a high school.

Healthcare[edit]

In Tumlong (specifically in Phodong under the same gram panchayat) there is a Primary Health Centre (PHC) with two residential doctors and a staff including nurses.

Historical Photographs[edit]

References[edit]