Ghafar Baba

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Abdul Ghafar Baba

عبدالغفار باب
Ghafar Baba.jpg
6th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
10 May 1986 – 1 December 1993
Azlan Shah
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byMusa Hitam
Succeeded byAnwar Ibrahim
Minister of Rural Development
(Minister of National and Rural Development : 23 September 1970–11 May 1972, 11 August 1986–20 May 1987)
(Minister of Rural Economy Development : 11 May 1972–25 August 1974)
In office
11 August 1986 – 1 December 1993
Azlan Shah
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
DeputyTajol Rosli Mohd Ghazali (1986–1990)
Ng Cheng Kuai (1986–1987)
Mohd. Yasin Kamari (1990–1993)
Preceded bySanusi Junid
Succeeded byAnnuar Musa
In office
22 December 1970 – 4 September 1974
MonarchAbdul Halim
Prime MinisterAbdul Razak Hussein
Assistant MinisterAbdul Samad Idris (1970–1973)
Preceded byAbdul Razak Hussein
Succeeded byHimself as Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development
ConstituencyMalacca Utara
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development
In office
5 September 1974 – 14 January 1976
MonarchAbdul Halim
Yahya Petra
Prime MinisterAbdul Razak Hussein
DeputyMokhtar Hashim (1974–1975)
Mustapha Abdul Jabar (1975–1976)
Preceded byHimself (Rural Development)
Mohamed Ghazali Jawi (Agriculture)
Succeeded byAli Ahmad
ConstituencyAlor Gajah
2nd Chief Minister of Malacca
In office
1 June 1959 – 5 October 1967
GovernorLeong Yew Koh
Abdul Malek Yusuf
Preceded byOsman Talib
Succeeded byTalib Karim
ConstituencyTanjong Kling
Personal details
Abdul Ghafar bin Baba

(1925-02-18)18 February 1925
Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Died23 April 2006(2006-04-23) (aged 81)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Resting placeMakam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation
Spouse(s)Asmah Alang
Dayang Heryati Abdul Rahim
RelationsAhmad Hamzah (son in law)

Tun Abdul Ghafar bin Baba (Jawi: عبدالغفار بن باب; February 18, 1925 – April 23, 2006) was a Malaysian politician from Malacca who was Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1986 to 1993.

Life and career[edit]

He was born on 18 February 1925 in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, the son of an impoverished villager. Ghafar Baba became a teacher and later became a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) political party, which is part of the Barisan Nasional coalition.

In 1942, he married Toh Puan Asmah Binti Alang and fathered twelve children, five of whom have died. In the early 1990s, he married his second wife Toh Puan Heryati Abdul Rahim, and had one child with her.

In 1986, he was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. Previously, Musa Hitam held the deputy premiership but he resigned, citing irreconcilable differences with Mahathir.[1] On 15 October 1993, during a UMNO election, he was challenged by Anwar Ibrahim. Ghafar Baba was defeated by Anwar and subsequently lost the deputy premiership.

On 23 April 2006, he died at Gleneagles Intan Medical Centre in Kuala Lumpur due to poor heart and lung condition. He had been in critical condition for several months prior to his death. He was buried in an official state funeral at Makam Pahlawan near Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur on the same day alongside the graves of former Prime Ministers Tun Abdul Razak and Tun Hussein Onn and former Deputy Prime Minister Tun Dr Ismail before nightfall.[2][3]


  • Teachers' Union secretary (1946–1948)
  • Melaka UMNO Secretary (1951)
  • Melaka UMNO Chairman (1955)
  • Chief Minister of Malacca (1959–1963)
  • UMNO High Council member (1957)
  • UMNO Information Chief (1958)
  • UMNO Vice-President (1962–1987)
  • Barisan Nasional Secretary-General [1]
  • Federal Territory Barisan Nasional Chief [1]
  • Deputy Prime Minister (1986–1993)

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1969 Malacca Utara Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) 15,692 63.86% Ali Md. Salleh (PAS) 8,881 36.14% 26,088 6,811 78.49%
1974 Alor Gajah Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) 20,890 78.89% Abdul Ghani Long (PEKEMAS) 5,591 21.11% Unknown 15,299 Unknown
1978 Jasin Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) Unknown Unknown Abdul Karim Abu (DAP) Unknown Unknown Unknown 12,067 Unknown
1982 Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) 27,542 81.07% Salleh Ayob (PAS) 6,432 18.93% 35,657 21,110 76.54%
1986 Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) 20,772 76.35% Rahimin Bani (PAS) 6,436 23.65% 28,200 14,336 71.21%
1990 Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) 22,826 72.46% Aris Konil (S46) 8,674 27.54% 32,519 14,152 77.93%
1995 Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) 25,693 78.19% Ahmad Mohd Alim (PAS) 4,856 14.78% 34,181 20,837 75.80%
Aris Konil (S46) 2,310 7.03%
1999 Batu Berendam Abdul Ghafar Baba (UMNO) 37,656 55.36% Khalid Jaafar (KeADILan) 30,368 44.64% 69,592 7,288 78.82%


Honours of Malaysia[edit]

Places named after him[edit]

Several places were named after him, including:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Putra, Tunku Abdul Rahman (1986). Political Awakening, p. 86. Pelanduk Publications. ISBN 967-978-136-4.
  2. ^[permanent dead link]
  3. ^[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1995" (PDF).
  5. ^ Bernama (1 February 2017). "Late Tun Ghafar bestowed 'Datuk Seri Utama' title in conjunction with FT Day". New Straits Times. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
Preceded by
Musa Hitam
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
1986 – 1 December 1993
Succeeded by
Anwar Ibrahim