Tung Lung Chau
|Location||Fat Tong Mun (佛堂門)|
|Area||2.42 km2 (0.93 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||232 m (761 ft)|
|Tung Lung Chau|
|Literal meaning||Eastern dragon island|
|Nam Tong Island|
Tung Lung Chau, previously known as Nam Tong Island or Nam Fat Tong is an island located off the tip of the Clear Water Bay Peninsula in the New Territories of Hong Kong. It is also referred by Hong Kong people as Tung Lung To or Tung Lung Island (東龍島). The island is largely uninhabited. Administratively, it belongs to Sai Kung District.
The island has an area of 2.42 square kilometres (0.93 square miles). It forms the eastern boundary of Tathong Channel, which leads into Victoria Harbour through Lei Yue Mun. The northern tip of Tung Lung Chau is separated from the southern tip of Clear Water Bay Peninsula by the narrow Fat Tong Mun Channel (佛堂門). The highest point of the island is at Nam Tong Peak (南堂頂), at an altitude of 250m.
Tung Lung Chau is the site of Tung Lung Fort, which was constructed 300 years ago and recently refurbished.
A prehistoric stone carving can also be found on the island. Measuring 180 cm by 240 cm, it is the largest ancient rock carving in Hong Kong. The stone carving was mention in the 1819 Gazetteer of Xin'an County.
There is a Hung Shing Temple on the island, at a location called Nam Tong (南堂). The temple was built before 1931. Inside the temple, a huge rock, called 'Holy Rock' (聖石) by the worshipers, is protruding from the rear wall of the right chamber.
A World War II Japanese small gun emplacement was located near Tathong Point (南堂尾, Nam Tong Mei), probably to guard Tathong Channel. It is believed that the existence of this facility may have been the reason why the Allies bombed the island.
Tung Lung houses some of the best sport climbing venues in Hong Kong.
- Technical Wall
- Sea Gully Wall
A service from Sai Wan Ho was operated by Lam Kee Ferry until 26 January 2014 and, after a hiatus of eight months, another operator resumed the service for a round-trip fare of HK$55 for adults and HK$40 for children aged 3 and above.
- "Fort and Rock Carving on Tung Lung Chau" (PDF). Leisure and Cultural Services Department. March 2017.
- Survey and Mapping Office, Lands Department: Hong Kong geographic data sheet
- Jen, Yu-wen (1967). "The Travelling Palace of Southern Sung in Kowloon" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch. 7: 21–38. ISSN 1991-7295.
- Antiquities and Monuments Office. Rock Carving on Tung Lung Island
- Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal. Hung Shing Temple, Tung Lung Chau
- "Survey Findings on Japanese World War II Military Installations in Hong Kong" (PDF). Surveying & Built Environment. Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors (Special issue to commemorate the 70th Anniversary of the Battle of Hong Kong, 8 December to 25 December 1941): 84. 2011.
- Hong Kong Climbing
- Tung Lung Chau Campsite
- Country Parks & Special Areas
- 吳卓恆 (26 January 2014). "政府無資助 林記街渡告別東龍". inmediahk.net.
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