Tungsten(V) chloride

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Tungsten(V) chloride
Tungsten(V) chloride
Other names
tungsten pentachloride
3D model (Jmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.235.076
Molar mass 361.1 g/mol
Appearance black crystals
Density 3.86 g/cm3
Melting point 248 °C (478 °F; 521 K)
Boiling point 275.6 °C (528.1 °F; 548.8 K)
+387.0·10−6 cm3/mol
not listed
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Tungsten(V) chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula W2Cl10. This compound is analogous in many ways to the more familiar molybdenum pentachloride.

The material is prepared by reduction of tungsten hexachloride. One method involves the use of tetrachloroethylene as the reductant:[1]

2 WCl6 + C2Cl4 → W2Cl10 + C2Cl6

The blue green solid is volatile under vacuum and slightly soluble in nonpolar solvents. The compound is oxophilic and is highly reactive toward Lewis bases.


The compound exists as a dimer, with a pair of octahedral tungsten(V) centres bridged by two chloride ligands. The W---W separation is 3.814 Å, which is non-bonding. The compound is isostructural with Nb2Cl10 and Mo2Cl10. The compound evaporates to give trigonal bipyramidal WCl5 monomers.[2]


  1. ^ E. L., McCann, III and T. M. Brown "Tungsten(V) Chloride" Inorganic Syntheses 1972, Volume XIII, pp. 150-154. doi:10.1002/9780470132449.ch29
  2. ^ F. A. Cotton, C. E. Rice, "Tungsten Pentachloride" Acta Cryst. 1978, B34, 2833-2834.doi:10.1107/S0567740878009322