Tuni

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Tuni
Town
Skyline of Tuni
Tuni is located in Andhra Pradesh
Tuni
Tuni
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°21′N 82°33′E / 17.35°N 82.55°E / 17.35; 82.55Coordinates: 17°21′N 82°33′E / 17.35°N 82.55°E / 17.35; 82.55
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District East Godavari
Area[1]
 • Total 9.85 km2 (3.80 sq mi)
Elevation 140 m (460 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 53,425
 • Density 5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 533401
Telephone code 91–8854
Vehicle registration AP 05
'KummariLova,' near Tuni on the banks of Thandava River, is an important Buddhist site in Andhra Pradesh

Tuni is a town in East Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a major commercial marketing center for more than 40 surrounding villages in the district. Tuni is a border point for the district of East Godavari. It is known for mango export, with nearly 250 varieties. It is also famous for betel leaves and jute bags. A variety of cashew nuts are produced in Tuni.

History[edit]

Tuni may be a historical site dated back to 1st century CE in connection with Buddhism, which flourished in the nearby hillocks and villages such as Gopalapatnam, Satyavaram and KummariLova near the city of Tuni on the banks of Thandava River. The Buddhist monks would have resided in Kummarilova village (Kummararam) from the 2nd century CE to 6th century CE and propagated Buddhism. The Buddhist 'aramas' and 'stupas' found in the village are testimony for their presence, they said. This village is being called 'Panchasheela Buddhist centre' as five Buddhist 'stupas' were found here in recent times. Archaeology authorities have found a Buddhist site at Kummarilova of Tuni during a general survey carried out recently[when?] in the area.

Under the Kshatriyas of Vatsavai Dynasty, it was a Pargana (a sub-division in 15th century) in Keemarseema. After the division it became the capital of Kottam Estate. Tuni has been a famous marketplace since 19th century CE.

Tuni Railway station has an important prominence on the Howrah-Madras railway line during the time of British India and after Independence.

Raja kalasala in Tuni is one of the oldest school in Tuni, with a history of more than 100 years. One of the prominent guerrilla war fighter at the time of Bharat independence, Alluri Sitarama Raju, studied there. A statue of him was built at a junction.

Demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 census, Tuni Municipality had population of 53,425 of which 25,922 were males while 27,503 were females. Literacy rate of Tuni city is 77.40% higher than state average of 67.02% with a male literacy rate of 82.79% while the female literacy rate is 72.38%.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tuni is at 17.35°N 82.55°E. It has an average elevation of 16 metres (46 ft)

Economy[edit]

A famous, and one of the oldest, sugar factories of Andhra Pradesh "Tandava Sugars" is here. A large number of handloom industries, about 20 cashew nut industries, hetero industries, and 10 other chemical industries are in and around Tuni.

Assembly constituency[edit]

Tuni is an assembly constituency (consisting of mandals: Kotananduru, Tuni and Thondangi) in Andhra Pradesh. There were 163,024 registered voters in Tuni constituency in the 1999 elections.

Transport[edit]

Tuni railway station

National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the town.[4] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Tuni bus station.[5] Tuni lies on the major line of VijayawadaVisakhapatnam line, being a part of ChennaiHowrah line.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[6][7] Instruction is in English or Telugu.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Census of India Website: Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  4. ^ "National Highways Development Project Map". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  8. ^ Staff Reporter (29 October 2011). "Writer Avasarala Ramakrishna Rao dead". The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 1 March 2015.