Tunumiit are Greenlandic Inuit from the eastern coast of the country, known as Tunu. The Tunummiit are a part of the Arctic Inuit people.
Northern and Western Greenlanders call themselves Avanersuarmiut and Kalaallit, respectively. About 80% to 88% of Greenland's population, or approximately 44,000 to 50,000 people identify as being Inuit.
The spiritual healer, or angakoq, Mitsivarniannga from Ammassalik created a figure, tupilaq or an "evil spirit object," for a visiting European in 1905. When no harm befell him for creating and showing this object to an outsider, others began making tupilait, which evolved into a popular art form. Traditional art-making practices thrive in the Ammassalik.