Tunumiit

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Tunumiit
Eastern Greenlandic
Taasilaq, east greenland 2.jpg
Total population
3,000 (2012)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Greenland
Languages
Tunumiit, Danish, Greenlandic[1]
Religion
Inuit religion, Evangelical Lutheran
Related ethnic groups
Other Greenlandic Inuit

Tunumiit are Greenlandic Inuit from Tunu, the eastern part of Greenland. The Tunummiit live now mainly in Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit and are a part of the Arctic people known collectively as the Inuit. The singular for Tunumiit is Tunumiu.

Northern and Western Greenlanders call themselves Inughuit and Kalaallit, respectively. About 80% to 88% of Greenland's population, or approximately 44,000 to 50,000 people identify as being Inuit.[2][3]

Language[edit]

The Tunumiit language, also called East Greenlandic and Tunumiit oraasiat, is dialect of Greenlandic. (The official language of Greenland is a different dialect of Greenlandic, Kalaallisut; the Inughuit speak Inuktun, which is more closely related to Inuktitut, which is spoken in Canada)

Region[edit]

The Eastern Inuit, or Tunumiit, live primarily in the Ammassalik region, the area with the mildest climate in King Christian IX Land. Hunters can hunt marine mammals from kayaks throughout the year.[4]

Ittoqqortoormiit was a settlement founded in 1925 by Ejnar Mikkelsen in Scoresby Sound. 80 Inuit settlers —70 persons from Tasiilaq and four families from western Greenland— were brought there by ship. The area has vestiges of former habitation, but it had been uninhabited for about a century at the time of the foundation of the new settlement.

There were two other Eastern Greenland groups in the long coast between Nunap Isua (Cape Farewell) to King Frederick VIII Land, the Northeast in Kangerlussuaq Fjord and adjacent areas up to Clavering Island, north of the Tunumiit, and the Southeast-Greenland Inuit in the King Frederick VI Coast to the south, but these are now extinct.[5][6]

Art[edit]

An angakkuq or spirit healer named Mitsivarniannga from Ammassalik Island created a tupilaq "evil spirit object," for a visiting European in 1905. When no harm befell him for creating and showing this object to an outsider, others began making tupilait, which evolved into a popular art form.[7] Residents also carved Ammassalik wooden maps, that traced the Eastern Greenlandic coastline. Customary art-making practices thrive on Ammassalik Island.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Inuktitut, Greenlandic." http://www.ethnologue.com/language/kal. Accessed 3 Feb 2014.
  2. ^ a b Hessel, 20
  3. ^ Baldacchino, Godfrey (2006). Extreme Tourism: Lessons from the World's Cold Water Islands. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-08-044656-1.
  4. ^ Hessell 11
  5. ^ East Greenland Inuit
  6. ^ Einar Lund Jensen, Hans Christian Gulløv, Kristine Raahauge, Cultural Encounters at Cape Farewell: The East Greenlandic Immigrants and the German Moravian Mission in the 19th century. p. 74
  7. ^ Nacheva, Velina. "An average artistic day in Greenland." The Sofia Echo. November 29, 2001. Accessed 3 February 2014.

References[edit]

  • Hessel, Ingo. Arctic Spirit. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 2006 ISBN 978-1-55365-189-5
  • Carl Koldewey, The German Arctic Expedition of 1869-1870: Narrative of the Wreck of the Hansa in the Ice.

External links[edit]