Tupi–Guarani languages

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Tupi–Guarani
Geographic
distribution:
Brazil, Bolivia, French Guiana, Paraguay, Peru
Linguistic classification: Tupian
  • Tupi–Guarani
Subdivisions:
Glottolog: tupi1276[1]
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Tupi–Guarani (medium pink), other Tupian (violet), and probable range c. 1500 (pink-grey)

Tupi–Guarani (About this sound pronunciation ) is the name of the most widely distributed subfamily of the Tupian languages of South America. It includes fifty languages, including the best-known languages of the family, Guarani and Old Tupi.

The words petunia, jaguar, tapioca, jacaranda, anhinga, carioca, and capoeira are of Tupi–Guarani origin.

Languages[edit]

Rodrigues & Cabral (2012) propose eight branches of Tupí–Guaraní:

*Cabral argues that Kokama/Omagua is a mixed language, and so not directly classifiable, though most of its basic vocabulary is Tupi–Guarani.

**Not listed in Rodrigues & Cabral

Karipuna language (Amapá) may be spurious.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tupi–Guarani". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

External links[edit]