Tupi–Guarani languages

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Brazil, Bolivia, French Guiana, Paraguay, Peru
Linguistic classification: Tupian
  • Tupí–Guaraní
Glottolog: tupi1276[1]
Tupi–Guarani (medium pink), other Tupian (violet), and probable range c. 1500 (pink-grey)

Tupí–Guaraní (About this sound pronunciation ) is the name of the most widely distributed subfamily of the Tupian languages of South America. It includes fifty languages, including the best-known languages of the family, Guaraní and Old Tupí.

The words jaguar, tapioca, jacaranda, anhinga, carioca, and capoeira are of Tupí–Guaraní origin.


Rodrigues & Cabral (2012) propose eight branches of Tupí–Guaraní:

*Cabral argues that Kokama/Omagua is a mixed language, and so not directly classifiable, though most of its basic vocabulary is Tupi–Guarani.

**Not listed in Rodrigues & Cabral

Karipuna language (Amapá) may be spurious.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tupi–Guarani". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

External links[edit]