Temporal range: Early Permian - Early Triassic, 273–245 Ma
Tupilakosauridae is an extinct family of dvinosaurian temnospondyls. It contains the genera Slaugenhopia, Thabanchuia, Tupilakosaurus, and possibly Kourerpeton. Tupilakosaurs are known from Texas, Greenland, Russia, and France. The earliest tupilakosaur, Slaugenhopia, is Early Permian in age while the latest known tupilakosaurs are Early Triassic in age. Derived tupilakosaurs possess embolomerous centra in their vertebrae, which are diplospondylous. They also have a deep notch in the pterygoid bone of the palate. Tupilakosaurs were aquatic, and used an undulatory mode of swimming much like that of eels.
- Milner, A. R.; Sequeira, S. E. K. (2004). "Slaugenhopia texensis (Amphibia: Temnospondyli) from the Permian of Texas is a primitive tupilakosaurid". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 24 (2): 320–325. doi:10.1671/1974.
- Werneburg, R.; Steyer, J. S.; Sommer, G.; Gand, G.; Schneider, J. W.; Vianey-Liaud, M. (2007). "The earliest tupilakosaurid amphibian with diplospondylous vertebrae from the Late Permian of southern France". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27 (1): 26–30. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[26:TETAWD]2.0.CO;2.
|This prehistoric amphibian-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|