Tupistra

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Tupistra
Tupistra chinensis - Kunming Botanical Garden - DSC03064.JPG
Tupistra chinensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Tupistra
Baker[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Macrostigma Kunth
  • Platymetra Noronha ex Salisb.
  • Tricalistra Ridl.


Tupistra is a genus of about 20 species of flowering plants found in south Asia, from southern China to Sumatra and Ambon Island.[1][2][3] In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae).[4]

Species[edit]

As of August 2013, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP) recognized 21 species:[1]

  1. Tupistra clarkei Hook.f. - Nepal, Sikkim
  2. Tupistra elegans N.Tanaka - Perak
  3. Tupistra fungilliformis F.T.Wang & S.Yun Liang - Yunnan, Guangxi
  4. Tupistra grandis Ridl. - Malaysia
  5. Tupistra grandistigma F.T.Wang & S.Yun Liang - Guangxi, Yunnan, Vietnam
  6. Tupistra kressii N.Tanaka - Thailand
  7. Tupistra laotica N.Tanaka - Laos
  8. Tupistra malaiana N.Tanaka - Thailand, Malaysia
  9. Tupistra muricata (Gagnep.) N.Tanaka - Laos, Thailand, Yunnan, Guangxi
  10. Tupistra nutans Wall. ex Lindl. - Assam, Bangladesh
  11. Tupistra ochracea (Ridl.) N.Tanaka - Malaysia
  12. Tupistra penangensis N.Tanaka - Penang Island
  13. Tupistra pingbianensis J.L.Huang & X.Z.Liu - Yunnan
  14. Tupistra robusta N.Tanaka - Perak
  15. Tupistra squalida Ker Gawl. - Ambon
  16. Tupistra stoliczana Kurz - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Myanmar, Thailand
  17. Tupistra sumatrensis N.Tanaka - Sumatra
  18. Tupistra theana Aver. & N.Tanaka - Vietnam
  19. Tupistra tupistroides (Kunth) Dandy - Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam
  20. Tupistra urceolata N.Tanaka & W.J.Kress - Thailand
  21. Tupistra violacea Ridl. - Thailand, Malaysia

According to WCSP, the following are synonyms:[1]

  • Tupistra albiflora K.Larsen = T. muricata
  • Tupistra longispica Y.Wan & X.H.Lu = T. muricata
  • Tupistra veratrifolia Kurz ex Dunn = T. stoliczana
  • Tupistra verruculosa Q.H.Chen = Rohdea verruculosa (Q.H.Chen) N.Tanaka

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Tupistra", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-08-03 
  2. ^ Tanaka, N. (2010), A taxonomic revision of the genus Tupistra (Asparagaceae), Makinoa n.s., 9: 55-93.
  3. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 24 Page 239, 长柱开口箭属 chang zhu kai kou jian shu, Tupistra Ker Gawler, Bot. Mag. 40: t. 1655. 1814.
  4. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x