Tupolev ANT-10

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ANT-10 / R-7
Role Reconnaissance/Light bomber
National origin Soviet Union
Manufacturer Tupolev
First flight 30 January 1930
Number built 1
Developed from Tupolev R-3

The Tupolev ANT-10 (also known as the R-7) was a prototype single-engined light bomber/reconnaissance aircraft of the 1930s. Only a single example was built, the Polikarpov R-5 being preferred.

Development and design[edit]

In 1928, the design bureau led by Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov produced the R-5 to replace the R-1, an unlicensed copy of the Airco DH.9A, which was the Soviet Union's standard light reconnaissance aircraft/bomber. As a response, the design bureau led by Andrei Tupolev produced a rival replacement for the R-1, based on Tupolev's earlier Tupolev R-3. Like the R-3, the new design, the ANT-10 was a single-engined sesquiplane with a duralumin structure, but with a much larger upper wing (based on that of the I-4 fighter). Like the R-5, it was powered by an imported BMW VI engine. It could carry 500 kg (1,100 lb) of bombs in an internal bomb-bay.[1]

The ANT-10 (which received the Soviet Air Force designation R-7) made its first flight on 30 January 1930,[2] but its performance was little better than the R-5, while the R-5's wooden structure was advantageous at a time of metal shortages. The type was therefore abandoned later in the year in favour of the R-5.[2]


Data from Tupolev: The Man and His Aircraft[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 10.9 m (35 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.2 m (49 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 3.6 m (11 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 49 m2 (530 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,720 kg (3,792 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,920 kg (6,437 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW VI water-cooled V12 engine, 370 kW (500 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 235 km/h (146 mph; 127 kn)
  • Range: 1,100 km (684 mi; 594 nmi)
  • Endurance: 5 hours [4]
  • Service ceiling: 5,500 m (18,000 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 3.1 minutes to 1,000 m (3,280 ft)[4]


See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ Gunston 1995, p.391.
  2. ^ a b Duffy and Kandalov 1996, p.55.
  3. ^ Duffy and Kandalov 1996, p.208.
  4. ^ a b Gunston 1995, p.392.


  • Duffy, Paul and Andrei Kandalov. Tupolev,: The Man and His Aircraft. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-85310-728-X.
  • Gunston, Bill. The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London:Osprey, 1995. ISBN 1-85532-405-9.