|Role||Passenger transport / propaganda aircraft|
|National origin||Soviet Union|
|First flight||14 August 1931|
|Primary user||Maxim Gorky propaganda squadron|
|Developed from||Tupolev ANT-9|
The Tupolev ANT-14 Pravda was a Soviet aircraft, which served as the flagship of the Soviet propaganda squadron. It has been credited as Russia's first all-metal aircraft, with a corrosion-resistant-steel structure.
The ANT-14 was a larger version of the ANT-9, with a 40.4 m wingspan, compared to the 23.8 m span of the ANT-9. Powered by five 358 kW (480 hp) Gnome-Rhône Jupiter 9AKX radial engines, it was capable of carrying a crew of three, as well as 36 passengers, at a maximum speed of 236 km/h (147 mph). However its cruise speed was only 195 km/h (121 mph). Empty weight was 10,650 kg (23,480 lb) and maximum takeoff weight was 17,146 kg (37,800 lb). The ANT-14 had a range of 900 km (559 mi), and an operational ceiling of 4,220 m (13,845 ft). It had a non-retractable tailwheel undercarriage whose main gear consisted of dual (fore-aft) wheels.
The ANT-14 was tested by Aeroflot in 1932. While these tests revealed no problems with the aircraft, it was far larger than any other aircraft in its fleet, and it had no requirement for an aircraft with a 36-passenger capacity, so no production followed.
On 17 March 1933, the Soviet Union set up an aerial propaganda squadron, named after Maxim Gorky, and the ANT-14 was assigned to it as its flagship, being named Pravda (Truth) after the Soviet newspaper. It was used mainly for sightseeing flights over Moscow, but did carry out occasional tourist flights to Kharkov and Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), while it visited Bucharest in 1935 to help celebrate a festival being held there at the time. The ANT-14 carried over 40,000 passengers before being grounded in 1941.
Data from Illustrated Encyclopedia of Propeller Airliners
- Crew: three
- Capacity: 36 passengers
- Length: 26.49 m (86 ft 11 in)
- Wingspan: 40.4 m (132 ft 6.5 in)
- Height: 5.4 m (17 ft 8.5 in)
- Wing area: 240 m² (2,583 ft²)
- Empty weight: 10,650 kg (23,480 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 17,146 kg (37,800 lb)
- Powerplant: 5 × Gnome-Rhône 9Akx Jupiter radial engine, 358 kW (480 hp) each
- Propellers: two-bladed wooden propeller
- Maximum speed: 236 km (147 mph)
- Cruise speed: 195 km/h (121 mph)
- Range: 900 km (559 mi)
- Service ceiling: 4,220 m (13,845 ft)
- Related development
- Related lists
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tupolev ANT-14.|
- The Soviet Union's First All-Metal Airplane, globalspec.com
- Duffy and Kandalov 1996, p. 57
- Gunston 1995, p. 392
- the ANT-14 was part of an 18 May 1935 four-airplane flight over Moscow which ended in disaster when an accompanying fighter aircraft maneuvered too close to the Maxim Gorky and struck the airliner's wing, causing it to crash, with 45 fatalities. globalspec.com
- Duffy and Kandalov 1996, p. 58
- Gunston, Bill (editor-in-chief); Dennis Baldry; Chris Chant; John Stroud (1980). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Propeller Airliners. New York: Exeter Books. p. 69. ISBN 0-89673-078-6.