In mathematics, the Turán number T(n,k,r) for r-uniform hypergraphs of order n is the smallest number of r-edges such that every induced subgraph on k vertices contains an edge. This number was determined for r = 2 by Turán (1941), and the problem for general r was introduced in Turán (1961). The paper (Sidorenko 1995) gives a survey of Turán numbers.
Fix a set X of n vertices. For given r, an r-edge or block is a set of r vertices. A set of blocks is called a Turán (n,k,r) system (n ≥ k ≥ r) if every k-element subset of X contains a block. The Turán number T(n,k,r) is the minimum size of such a system.
Relations to other combinatorial designs
It can be shown that
- Colbourn, Charles J.; Dinitz, Jeffrey H. (2007), Handbook of Combinatorial Designs (2nd ed.), Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/ CRC, ISBN 1-58488-506-8
- Godbole, A.P. (2001), "T/t120190", in Hazewinkel, Michiel, Encyclopedia of Mathematics, Springer, ISBN 978-1-55608-010-4
- Sidorenko, A. (1995), "What we know and what we do not know about Turán numbers", Graphs and Combinatorics, 11 (2): 179–199, doi:10.1007/BF01929486
- Turán, P (1941), "Egy gráfelméleti szélsőértékfeladatról (Hungarian. An extremal problem in graph theory.)", Mat. Fiz. Lapok (in Hungarian), 48: 436–452
- Turán, P. (1961), "Research problems", Magyar Tud. Akad. Mat. Kutato Int. Közl., 6: 417–423