Turanid race

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Turanid race (also Turanoid or South Siberian race)[1][2][3] is a now obsolete term of physical anthropology to denote South Siberian race,[4][5] originally intended to cover native populations of Central Asia. It is known as a racial type or "minor race", subtype of the Europid (Caucasian) race with Mongoloid admixtures, which is situated at the boundary of the distribution of the Mongoloid and Europid "great races".[6][7] In European literature of the period a "Turanid race" was widely known as a Europid subtype, dwelling on the borders of the two racial groups since primeval times.[8] Eickstedt's Turanid race is represented in Siberia among the peoples of the Altay region. This race, he writes, corresponds in his classification to Deniker's "Turkic-Tatar" (or "Turanian") race and to Haddon's "Turkic".[9] Soviet writers regarded the terms "South Siberian" and "Turanian" as the same wherefore for some time it was also associated with the spread of the Turanian languages (a now obsolete linguistic term), which are the combination of the Uralic and Altaic families (hence also "Ural–Altaic race").[10][11][12][13] The idea of a Turanid race came to play a role of some significance in Pan-Turkism or "Turanism" in the late 19th to 20th century.

Eickstedt's map of the races of Europe (1889 - 1901) identified "Turanids" (red) as the dominant group in parts of far Southeast Europe, Northern and Eastern parts of the Caspian Sea, Northeast Kazakhstan, South Ukraine and the central parts of the Volga Region, including additional Turanid diffusion areas in Hungary and Central Anatolia (red circles).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Péter Hajdú, Ancient culture of the Uralian peoples, Corvina, 1976, p.138.
  2. ^ Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, Volume 10, Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959, p.272.
  3. ^ György Acsádi, János Nemeskéri. "History of Human Life Span and Mortality." Akdémiai Kiadó, 1970. page 233: *"(ii) Medium stature, brachycranic, euryprosopic, with moderate flatness. This type has developed at the boundary of the Europoid and Mongoloid main races, and can be classified as belonging to the South-Siberian (Turanoid) type."
  4. ^ Юрий Венедиктович Кнышенко. История первобытного общества (рус.). Изд-во Рост. ун-та (1973). Page 100
  5. ^ Георгий Никитич Румянцев. Происхождение хоринских бурят (рус.). Бурятское книжное изд-во (1962). Page 119
  6. ^ Racial and cultural minorities: an analysis of prejudice and discrimination, Environment, development, and public policy, George Eaton Simpson, John Milton Yinger, Springer, 1985, ISBN 0-306-41777-4, p.32.
  7. ^ American anthropologist, American Anthropological Association, Anthropological Society of Washington (Washington, D.C,), 1984 v. 86, nos. 3-4, p. 741.
  8. ^ Egon Eickstedt (Freiherr von), Rassenkunde und Rassengeschichte der Menschheit. F. Enke, 1934. p.170. * "... einer Zeit der großen Verwirrung und Verwechslung rassischer, sprachlicher und ethnologischer Namen und Verhältnisse, wurden die Turaniden von Turkestan und Vorderasiens (Osmanli) oft als mongolid angesehen, ein Irrtum, der selbst jetzt noch in manchen Laienköpfen spukt. Heute wird die turanide Rasse aber von allen wissenschaftlichen Autoren zu den Europiden gestellt — jedoch meist mit einer Einschränkung: es werden ihr auch einige mongoloide Züge zugestanden. Tatsache ist, daß die Turaniden seit uralter Zeit, gewissermaßen seitdem die „Menschheit" besteht, an der Grenze der beiden Rassenkreise lebt, und daß sie hier, und zwar zweifellos schon vor der Zeit der endgültigen Differenzierung der Rassen, in Kontakt und biologischer \ erflechtung mit altmongoliden Formen stand."
  9. ^ Eickstedt, Rassenkunde und Rassengeschichte der Menschheit, 1934, pp. 169-174. In: Maksim Grigorʹevich Levin, Ethnic origins of the peoples of northeastern Asia, Arctic Institute of North America by University of Toronto Press, 1963, p.31.
  10. ^ Otto Maenchen-Helfen. The World of the Huns: Studies in their history and culture. 1973. Page 359
  11. ^ "AAPA Statement on Biological Aspects of Race", American Journal of Physical Anthropology: 101:569-570, 1996
  12. ^ G. DEBETS in Soviet Ethnology and Anthropology today. Yu. BROMLEY. 1974. Page 307
  13. ^ The Races of Europe by Carleton S. Coon
  • Leon Cahun L’histoire de l’Asie (1896).
  • Ilse Schwidetzky, Turaniden-Studien, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, F. Steiner Verlag, Mainz, (1950).