Turbinella angulata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Turbinella angulata
Turbinella angulata 30a.jpg
Two views of a shell of Turbinella angulata.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Turbinellidae
Subfamily: Turbinellinae
Genus: Turbinella
Species: T. angulata
Binomial name
Turbinella angulata
(Lightfoot, 1786)

Turbinella angulata, common name the West Indian chank shell or Lamp Shell, is a species of very large tropical sea snail with a gill and an operculum, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Turbinellidae. [1]

The name "chank" for the shell of this species is derived from the word shankha, the divine conch or sacred conch, Turbinella pyrum, a closely related species from the Indian Ocean. [2]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Xancus angulata (Lightfoot, 1786)
  • Voluta angulata Lightfoot, 1786
  • Murex scolymus Gmelin, 1791
  • Mazza scolymus (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Turbinellus scolymus (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Fusus cynara Röding, 1798
  • Fasciolaria cardoscolym G. Fischer, 1807
  • Tubularia clavata Esper, 1830

Distribution[edit]

This species is found in the Western Atlantic Ocean from the Florida Keys and the Bahamas south to Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Haiti, and on the Caribbean coast of Mexico, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia. [3][4][4][5][6] [7]

Habitat[edit]

A shell of Turbinella angulata

These large reef-associated gastropods can be found in tropical environment on subtidal and offshore mud, on rock or sand beds, and on mangrove lagoons, at depths of 0 to 45 m. [2][3][8][7]

Description[edit]

The shells of Turbinella angulata can reach a size of 12.7–49.6 centimetres (5.0–19.5 in).[3][8][6] These large shells are heavy and fusiform, with a sculpture of 8 to 10 prominent ribs angled at shoulder. Columella shows three strong folds. The basic colour of the external shell surface is white, while the inner are may be pink or orange.[7]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fischer, G. 1807. Museum Demidoff Museum Demidoff 3 - Université imperiale: Moscou.
  • Gmelin, J. F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia Systema Naturae, 13th ed., vol. 1 - Lipsiae.
  • Lightfoot, J. 1786. - Catalogue of the Portland Museum
  • Olsson, A. A. & McGinty, T. L. 1958. Recent marine mollusks from the Caribbean Coast of Panama with the description of some new genera and species. Bulletins of American Paleontology Vol. 39 n. 304
  • Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum Hamburg.
  • Rosenberg, G.; Moretzsohn, F.; García, E. F. (2009). Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.

References[edit]

External links[edit]