Turbo (Polish band)

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Turbo
Turbo, circa 1990.jpg
Turbo in 1990s.
Background information
Origin Poznań, Poland
Genres Heavy metal, thrash metal, speed metal
Years active 1980–present
Labels Tonpress, Metal Mind Productions, Under One Flag, Polskie Nagrania "Muza", Polton, Metalmaster, Kopart, Pronit, Noise Records, Agencja Artystyczna MTJ, Klub płytowy "Razem", Phonex
Associated acts Metalmania, Kazik Na Żywo, Acid Drinkers, Kat, Ceti
Website Official website
Members Wojciech Hoffmann
Bogusz Rutkiewicz
Mario "Bobiś" Bobkowski
Krzysztof "Tercjusz" Kurczewski
Tomasz Struszczyk

Turbo is a Polish heavy metal band. It was started in January 1980, in Poznań, by Henryk Tomczak[1] (formerly in Stress and Heam, both pioneering Polish hard rock groups). Turbo is one of the most important bands in Polish heavy metal.[2] Turbo's most famous album is Kawaleria Szatana (Satan's Cavalry), considered an opus of Polish heavy metal.[2] The band is best known for the tracks "Dorosłe Dzieci", "Jaki był ten dzień", "Żołnierz fortuny" and "Wszystko będzie ok".

History[edit]

1980-1989[edit]

The first line-up was Wojciech Hoffmann (guitar), Wojciech Anioła (drums) and Wojciech Sowula (vocals). Soon a single was released, the tracks being "W środku tej ciszy" ("Deep in the Silence") and "Byłem z tobą tyle lat" ("So many years with you"). The band's style then was very much like 1970s or early 1980s hard rock. In November 1980, the singer left and was replaced by Piotr Krystek. New tracks were recorded and frequently played on the radio. Soon more line-up changes came, the original founder and bass guitarist left. 16-year-old Piotr Przybylski took his place. Andrzej Łysów joined as second guitarist and the singer was changed once again. Since then Turbo's vocals have been by Grzegorz Kupczyk, one of the most famous Polish heavy metal singers, sometimes compared to Bruce Dickinson.[citation needed]

In 1983, the first LP was released, entitled Dorosłe dzieci (Grown-up Children). Its music is a blend of traditional hard rock and NWOBHM. The title track has become a hit and the most recognizable Turbo song. With the LP recorded, the group played extensively, including at Rockowisko in Łódź and the famous Jarocin festival. Despite the success, the line-up continued to change: successive drummers were Marek Olszak, Ryszard Oleksy and Przemysław Pahl. Finally, the drummer's place was taken by Alan Sors. Piotr Przybylski (bass guitar) left and was replaced Bogusz Rutkiewicz.

Apart from problems with the line-up, the band had other difficulties to address. The record company insisted on softening the band's sound and recording more 'catchy' tracks. Wojciech Hoffman later called that "a time of mistakes and distortion". In 1985, a compromise, softened LP, Smak ciszy (The Taste of Silence), was recorded. Despite the sound being relatively soft, the riffing resembles Iron Maiden and the vocals give the music more heaviness. The charting songs were "Smak Ciszy" and "Jaki był ten dzień" ("How That Day Was").

A year later, Turbo recorded an LP that became one of the best Polish heavy metal albums of all time - Kawaleria Szatana (Satan's Cavalry). Heavy riffing, Iron Maiden-like soloing and lyrics dealing with typlically 'heavy' themes such as death, war and pain, completely changed the band's image. The LP was very successful and is still considered to be the group's greatest effort. After the release Turbo collaborated with Metal Mind Records, which enabled then to play at the Metalmania festival.

In 1987, the band recorded another LP, Ostatni wojownik (Last Warrior. An English-language version was released in Europe a year later). It was the first album for the new drummer, Tomasz Goehs. The band's style hardened even more, influenced by early Metallica, as did the lyrics, even darker than before. In 1988, the first live recording, Alive!, was released, containing material recorded at gigs on 12 December 1986 and 3 March 1987.

1989-2000[edit]

With 1989 came several changes in the line-up - Bogusz Rutkiewicz quit, Andrzej Łysów took bass instead of guitar, and as the new guitarist came Robert "Litza" Friedrich. Influenced by Anthrax, Flotsam and Jetsam and Wolf Spider the musicians recorded Epidemie (later English edition, Epidemic), a highly technical thrash album.

In 1990 a break-up occurred, when Grzegorz Kupczyk and Andrzej Łysów quit the band. Tomasz Olszewski joined on bass, and the new singer was Robert "Litza" Friedrich. This line-up went on, creating Dead End which resembles somewhat of death metal vocals, but the songs' structures are still thrash. The break-up and lack of concerts would cause the band's inactivity. A compilation of 1980–1990 songs was released, containing tracks unreleased before.

Wojciech Hoffman tried to form a new line-up in 1992, releasing One Way (tapes only), but the effort turned out to be a commercial loss and Turbo finally ceased.

The following years, several compilation albums were released - in 1992 Titanic, with unreleased songs from the 'softened times', and a year later Dorosłe Dzieci i inne ballady (Grown-up Children and other ballads) - a collection of all Turbo ballads.

In 1995 Turbo played at a gig in Poznań, the line-up being Wojciech Hoffmann, Grzegorz Kupczyk, Bogusz Rutkiewicz together with Marcin Białożyk – guitar and Szymon Ziomkowski – drums. The applause caused the group to reform, and 1.01.1996 Turbo regrouped. In 1997 another compilation was released, this time entitled Intro: 1982–1996, composed of most popular songs. In 1999 Metal Mind Records released a Turbo discography on CD. The band played at Thrash'em All and Metalmania festivals.

2000-present[edit]

Turbo on Metalmania Festival, Poland 2005

In 2000, a remastered version of Titanic was released, called Remix '92. On 20 January 2000, Turbo played at a gig celebrating Grzegorz Kupczyk's 25 years on stage. The gig was released as a CD, 20012000.

In 2001, after a ten-year break, another LP was released. Awatar (The Avatar) was an experimental, new-sound album, influenced by modern hard rock. The experiments were disapproved of by the heavy metal diehards, who rated the album very low. The line-up formed was Hoffmann, Kupczyk i Rutkiewicz and Mariusz Bobkowski (drums).

In 2004, Turbo returned with Wojciech Hoffmann, Grzegorz Kupczyk, Bogusz Rutkiewicz and Tomek Krzyżaniak (drums) and Dominik Jokiel (guitar). The Tożsamość (Identity) LP was released, a return to pure heavy metal. The diehard public considered it to be an excellent come back, while others claimed the group was repetitive. In 2005, a limited edition of Tożsamość together with Akustycznie (a record of the acoustic performance XII 2003) was released. The band went to Metalmania and released the gig as a live DVD.

Because of unresolved problems with the record company, and a bad music market situation, the band ceased once again. Wojciech Hoffman began a solo career, Grzegorz Kupczyk worked with his band CETI, and Bogusz Rutkiewicz joined Gotham.

In March and April 2007, the group took part in the Metal Marathon Tour 3 with Chainsaw, Turbo's first tour since 2001.

In 2009, Metal Mind Productions released remastered versions of all Turbo albums, including One Way.[3] Also in 2009, Turbo released a new album (Strażnik Światła) with a new member, Tomasz Struszczyk, on vocals. On this album, the band returned to the classic heavy metal music style.

Members[edit]

Current members[edit]

  • Wojciech Hoffmann – guitar (1980–1992, 1995–present)
  • Bogusz Rutkiewicz – bass guitar (1983–1988, 1995–present)
  • Mario "Bobiś" Bobkowski – drums (2000–2001, 2011–present)
  • Tomasz Struszczyk – vocals (2007–present)

Former members[edit]

  • Piotr Krystek – vocals (1980–1981)
  • Wojciech Sowula – vocals (1980)
  • Grzegorz Kupczyk – vocals (1981–1990, 1995–2007)
  • Henryk Tomczak – bass guitar (1980–1981)
  • Piotr Przybylski – bass guitar (1981–1983)
  • Andrzej Łysów – guitar (1981–1988), bass guitar (1988–1990)
  • Tomasz "Lemmy Demolator" Olszewski – bass guitar (1990–1991)
  • Radosław Kaczmarek – bass guitar (1991–1992)
  • Marcin Białożyk – guitar (1991–1992)
  • Dominik Jokiel – guitar (2001–2014)
  • Robert Friedrich – guitar, vocals (1988–1991)
  • Wojciech Anioła – drums (1980–1983)
  • Przemysław Pahl – drums (1983–1984, 1985)
  • Alan Sors – drums (1983–1986)
  • Tomasz Goehs – drums (1986–1991, 1995)
  • Daniel Cybusz – drums (1991–1992)
  • Szymon Ziomkowski – drums (1995–2000)
  • Tomasz "Krzyżyk" Krzyżaniak – drums (2001–2011)
  • Krzysztof "Tercjusz" Kurczewski – guitar (2014–2016)

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions
POL
[4][5]
Dorosłe dzieci
  • Released: 1983 (Polish edit. only)
  • Label: Polton
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP, digital download[6]
Smak ciszy
  • Released: 1985 (Polish edit. only)
  • Label: Klub Płytowy Razem/Merimpex
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP, digital download[7]
Kawaleria Szatana
  • Released: 1986 (Polish edit. only)
  • Label: Pronit/PZN ZWiN
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP, digital download[8]
Ostatni wojownik / Last Warrior
  • Released: 1987 (Polish edit.), 1988 (English edit.)
  • Label: Pronit/Polton/Noise Records
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP
Epidemie / Epidemic
  • Released: 1989 (Polish edit.), 1990 (English edit.)
  • Label: Metalmaster Records/Polskie Nagrania Muza
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP
Dead End
  • Released: 1990 (English edit. only)
  • Label: Under One Flag/Polskie Nagrania Muza
  • Formats: CD, digital download[9]
One Way
  • Released: 1992 (English edit. only)
  • Label: Carnage Records
  • Formats: CD, CS, digital download[10]
Awatar
  • Released: 21 May 2001 (Polish edit.),[11]
    2001 (English edit.)
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD, digital download[12]
21
Tożsamość / Identity
  • Released: 13 December 2004 (Polish edit.),[13]
    28 February 2005 (English edit.)[14]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD, digital download[15]
Strażnik Światła
  • Released: 16 November 2009 (Polish edit. only)[16]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD, digital download[17]
Piąty żywioł / The Fifth Element[18]
  • Released: 12 November 2013 (Polish edit.),[19]
    3 March 2014 (English edit.)[18]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD, digital download[20][21]
48
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Live albums[edit]

Title Album details Notes
Alive!
  • Released: 1988
  • Label: Polmark/Tonpress/Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP
Akustycznie
  • Released: 7 September 2009[22]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD, digital download[23]
  • originally released as bonus CD with Tożsamość
In The Court Of The Lizard
  • Released: 6 October 2014[24]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD

Compilation albums[edit]

Title Album details
1980–1990
  • Released: 1990
  • Label: Tonpress/Tomax/Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD, LP, CS
Titanic
  • Released: 1992
  • Label: Phonex Records
  • Formats: CS
Dorosłe dzieci... i inne ballady
  • Released: 1994
  • Label: Dża Dża Records
  • Formats: CS
Intro 1982-86
  • Released: 1998
  • Label: Koart
  • Formats: CD
Remix'92
  • Released: 2000
  • Label: Agencja Artystyczna MTJ
  • Formats: CD, CS, digital download[25]
Anthology 1980–2008
  • Released: 1 September 2008[26]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: CD+DVD (BOX)

Video albums[edit]

Title Video details
The History 1980–2005
  • Released: 30 January 2006[27]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: DVD
In The Court Of The Lizard
  • Released: 6 October 2014[24]
  • Label: Metal Mind Productions
  • Formats: DVD

Music videos[edit]

Year Title Directed Album
1982 "Ach nie bądź taki śmiały"
1980–1990
"Coraz mniej"
"Jak w ogień"
Dorosłe dzieci
1983 "Pozorne życie"
"Dorosłe dzieci"
"Toczy się po linie"
1985 "Smak ciszy"
Smak ciszy
"Cały czas uczą nas"
2001 "Armia"
Awatar
2010 "Na progu życia" Jacek Raginis[28] Strażnik światła
2013 "Cień wieczności" Dariusz Świtała[29] Piąty żywioł
"Myśl i walcz" Dominik Jokiel

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Turbo biography". 3 September 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Babula, Jordan. Brzykcy, Paweł. Dąbrowski, Paweł. Gajewski, Marcin. Filipowski, Robert. Kirmuć, Michał. Koziczyński, Bartosz. Królikowska, Wiktoria. Królikowski, Wiesław. Kszczotek, Grzegorz. Machała, Wojciech. Pawlak, Marcin. Świrkowicz, Marek. Weiss, Wiesław. 50 na 50: najważniejsze płyty polskiego rocka (pl). Teraz Rock 4(50)/2007. ISSN 1730-394X
  3. ^ "Metal Mind website". 3 September 2009. 
  4. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLIS - Official Retail Sales Chart". olis.onyx.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLIS - Official Retail Sales Chart". olis.onyx.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Dorosłe Dzieci by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2014-09-05. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Smak Ciszy by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Kawaleria Szatana by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2014-09-06. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Dead End by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "One Way by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  11. ^ "Turbo - Awatar - Muzyka w Interia.pl". muzyka.interia.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Awatar by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  13. ^ "Strona Główna". metalmind.com.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "Turbo - "Identity" - Muzyka". muzyka.onet.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "Tożsamość by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  16. ^ "Strona Główna". metalmind.com.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Strażnik Światła by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2014-09-06. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  18. ^ a b "Turbo - The Fifth Element - Muzyka w Interia.pl". muzyka.interia.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Turbo - Piąty żywioł - Muzyka w Interia.pl". muzyka.interia.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Piąty Żywioł by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  21. ^ "The Fifth Element by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  22. ^ "Strona Główna". metalmind.com.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  23. ^ "Akustycznie by Turbo on iTunes". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  24. ^ a b "Strona Główna". metalmind.com.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  25. ^ "Remix 92 by Turbo on iTunes". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "Strona Główna". metalmind.com.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Strona Główna". metalmind.com.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  28. ^ http://www.antyradio.pl/Muzyka/Newsy-Muzyczne/Turbo-Na-progu-zycia
  29. ^ "Turbo zapowiada płytę i prezentuje "Cień wieczności" - Muzyka". muzyka.wp.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 

External links[edit]