Turceni Power Station
|Turceni Power Station|
Plant south cooling towers and all smokestacks viewed from the east
|Official name||Complexul Energetic Turceni|
|Thermal power station|
|Primary fuel||sub-bituminous coal|
|Cooling source||Jiu River
7 × natural draft cooling towers
|Units operational||5 × 330 MW
1 × 330 MW (mothballed)
|Units cancelled||1 × 330 MW|
|Units decommissioned||1 × 330 MW|
|Nameplate capacity||1,650 MW|
|2011 output||7,367 GW·h|
It is Romania's largest electricity producer and one of the large thermal power plants in Europe having 6 units of 309 MW net each. But only 5 units are operational, thus totalling a capacity of 1,545 MW. An eighth unit was not completed, but dismantled. One unit was decommissioned and a second unit was refurbished and mothballed.
The powerplant has four smokestacks, each 280 metres (920 ft) tall.
The project envisaged eight units 309 MW net each. The first seven units entered service from 1978 to 1987. The eighth unit was not commissioned and later dismantled. Unit 2 was later decommissioned. Unit 6 was refurbished and mothballed. Unit 4 and 5 were afterwards refurbished.
Design and specification
Each unit is composed of a boiler, a turbine and a generator. The Babcock licensed boiler, of the tower forced circulation type and intermediate overheating is rated at 1,035 t steam per hour. Slag and ash is hydraulic removed. The boiler temperature output is 540 °C (1,004 °F) at 199 bars (2,890 psi). The steam turbine drives a synchronous hydrogen cooled Alsthom/ABB licensed generator, which delivers 309 MW net, 330 MW gross power. Cooling water is provided by the Jiu River and condenser cooling is delivered by 7 × natural draft cooling towers in countercurrent.
The plant supply is connected by 6 × 110 kV lines and ouput goes to 4 × 400 kV lines through 24 × 400 kV transformers.
|Turceni - 1||July 1978||operational|
|Turceni - 2||August 1979||decommissioned|
|Turceni - 3||August 1980||operational|
|Turceni - 4||December 1981||refurbished, operational|
|Turceni - 5||August 1983||refurbished, operational|
|Turceni - 6||September 1985||refurbished, mothballed|
|Turceni - 7||November 1987||operational|
|Turceni - 8||-||cancelled|
Starting 2012, production data is given by Autorităţii Naţionale de Reglementare în domeniul Energiei (National Regulatory Authority for Energy) as part of S.C. Complexul Energetic Oltenia S.A. generation, together with the Rovinari, Ișalnița and Craiova plants.
- "General data". www.eturceni.ro (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 28 August 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Raporte anuale(annual reports)". www.anre.ro (in Romanian). Autorităţii Naţionale de Reglementare în domeniul Energiei (National Regulatory Authority for Energy). Retrieved 19 January 2017.
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