Entrance to Turckheim through the Porte de France
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Jean-Marie Balduf|
|16.46 km2 (6.36 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||219–840 m (719–2,756 ft) |
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Imperial City of Turckheim
|Status||Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• Gained Imp. immediacy
|24 October 1648|
26 January 1679
|Today part of||France|
Archeological finds indicate the area was already inhabited during the time of Ancient Rome. When the Germanic tribes invaded and crossed the Rhine, the Thuringii settled here, and possibly gave their name to the town: first Thorencohaime, then Thuringheim. During the High Middle Ages Thuringheim is listed as belonging in part to the abbey of Munster, an din part to the manor of Haut-Landsberg, centered in Kientzheim.
Turckheim became a free imperial city in 1312, and in 1315 the construction of ramparts was begun, which are still in good condition. It had city rights and market rights already in 1354, and from 1354 to 1679 Turckheim was part of the Décapole, a league of ten free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire. After the Peace of Westphalia (1648), Turckheim and the other Alsatian towns refused to swear allegiance to the French king.
During the Franco-Dutch War, the village of Turckheim was taken by French armies led by Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne, who subsequently defeated armies of Austria and Brandenburg in what became known as the Battle of Turckheim (1675). Features of the village of Turckheim, especially the gates, help identify the town in a fan currently in the Fan Museum in Greenwich, England. In 1678, with the signing of the Treaties of Nijmegen, the French king assumed control over Turckheim.
Turckheim is one of only a few remaining towns in France with a municipal night watchman, who makes the rounds at 10PM between 1 May and 31 October, and on three Saturdays preceding Christmas. Maintained for touristic reason, the position commemorates a 13th-c event in which the night watchman prevented a fire.
- Victor Sieg (1837 – 1899), composer and organist, was born in Turckheim. Rue Victor Sieg is named in his honour.
- "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- Cowen, Pamela (2003). A Fanfare for the Sun King: Unfolding Fans for Louis XIV. Third Millennium Information. pp. 66–69. ISBN 9781903942208.
- "découvrir turkheim". Turkheim.fr (in French). Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Deslais, Pierre (= 2014). L'Alsace, géographie curieuse et insolite (in French). Éditions Ouest France. p. 83. ISBN 978-2-7373-6364-1. Check date values in:
- Billich, André (1975). Histoire d'une ancienne ville impériale: Turckheim, pp. 83 and 171. Éditions Alsatia (in French)
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