Turfing

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Turfing (or turf dancing) is a form of American street dance that originated in Oakland, California, by youth from West Oakland and organized by dancer Jeriel Bey and named the Organization The Architeckz™. Bey is the author of the acronym for Taking Up Room on the Floor.[1][2][3] The style was originally known by the terms "having fun with it" or "hitting it", but these names didn't seem marketable. However, another claim for the nomenclature considers the acronym as a backronym and that turf dancing originated as a way to describe dances that different "turfs" (locations or territories) from Oakland performed to represent where they were from (the same as "blocks" or "sets"). The dance form had its earliest influences in the Oakland boogaloo movement of the mid-1960s, but it developed into a distinctive dance style.

History[edit]

The dance form originated in the boogaloo movement in Oakland, California in the 1960s,[2] developing into a separate genre of dance in the 1990s. Along with hyphy music, it came to be seen as distinctively representative of Oakland.[4] The movement rose to prominence in 2002 following Jeriel Bey's establishment of his group, "The Architeckz™."

Turfing is a social critique and recognition of lost African American lives, police brutality, and race relations in Oakland.[5] This form of expression uniquely addresses African American deaths, while using art to create a politicized awareness of brutality against people of color.[6][7] It is also seen as a means to humanize blackness, spread community, empathy, and peace in the same streets black lives were taken.[8] Apart from being a unique hood dance form, turfing represents a collective movement, and is part of the street culture in the East Bay.[9][10]

Turf dancing was first displayed on videos from artists such as Baby Bash, Keak Da Sneak, and E-40 by innovative and influential turf dancers (and creators of the turfing Lifestyle) Jeriel Bey. Along Demetrius Zigler, Chare' Johnson, Rawnay, Ronald "Head" Singleton & Yun Shep, and Dav 2.0.[4] Turf dance had been promoted as a means of dispute resolution within the Oakland community,[4] and in 2005 The Architeckz built on this concept of dance battle by engaging krump dancers from Los Angeles in city-level competition.[1] Friendly rivalries with dancers from New York City and Memphis, Tennessee[2] have developed as well. The artist E-40 brought international attention to the movement with his 2006 single Tell Me When to Go.[11] In 2012 Alonzo (Turf) Jones[12] a.k.a. Retro, a turf dancer and skateboarder from California's Bay Area competed on the TV talent competition America's Got Talent (in season 7).[13]

Foundation[edit]

The foundation of turf dance is based on a series of dances with different "turfs" in Oakland displayed. Some of these foundation dances are "two step," "brookfield," "auntie," "shaking," "the busta," "cliffhangers," "tsunamis" and "traces". Turf dance also includes "story telling" which is a style based on pantomime "life stories" or "everyday activities". Turfing incorporates other dance style concepts such as tutting, flexing, waving and animation. Turf dance is an improvisational, free-flowing form of dance that is based on the idea of pure cause and effect but focuses on storytelling, the creation of optical illusions, and the display of distinctive personal style. Dance elements include popping, locking, and miming.[14] Gliding is heavily used in turf dance because it enables the creation of optical illusions. "Going dumb," or completely letting one's emotions loose on the dance floor, is also a distinctive part of the tradition.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Burkey, Shannon (2005-07-26). "Freestylin' Freestylin' Freestylin' The Architeckz aim to". Oakland Tribune. Archived from the original on 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
  2. ^ a b c Zamora, Jim Herron (2007-03-10). "Architeckz look to build outlet for Oakland youth / Dance troupe channels emotions through 'turf dancing,' a younger sibling of 1980s break dancing". San Francisco Chronicle. p. B 1. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
  3. ^ Savion-Royant, Yoram (1 May 2008). "Letter Home" (PDF). Berkeley.edu. Judith Lee Stronach Baccalaureate Prize Project, University of California Berkeley. Retrieved April 24, 2017. TURF stands for Taking Up Room on the Floor
  4. ^ a b c Hix, Lisa (2005-10-16). "Cubland". San Francisco Chronicle. p. D5. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
  5. ^ "Shot and Captured." Tdr-The Drama Review-The Journal of Performance Studies, vol. 58, no. 2, n.d., pp. 99–114.
  6. ^ 1. "Conscious Quiet as a Mode of Black Visual Culture." Black Camera: The New Series, vol. 8, no. 1, Fall 2016, pp. 146–154.
  7. ^ Bragin, Naomi Elizabeth, (Author). "Black Street Movement: Turf Dance, YAK Films and Politics of Citation in Oakland, California." ["Collected Work: Dance and the social city. Published by: Birmingham, AL: Society of Dance History Scholars, 2012. Pages: 51–57.
  8. ^ Simms, Renee. "Immortal Dance in the Age of Michael Brown." Southwest Review, no. 1, 2017, p. 74.
  9. ^ "From Streets To Stage, Two Dance Worlds See Harmonization And Chaos." Weekend Edition Saturday, 23 Jan. 2016. Literature Resource Center.
  10. ^ Sommer, Sally. "Balletic Breakin'." Dance Magazine, vol. 86, no. 1, Jan. 2012, p. 90.
  11. ^ Stelfox, Dave (2007-11-15). "Why doesn't the UK have hip-hop dance crazes?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
  12. ^ Color, Mad (2012-06-01). "Alonzo 'Turf' Jones Brings the Art of Extreme Hip Hop Contortionism to the Masses on 'America's Got Talent'". popscampaign.org. p. 1. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
  13. ^ "America's Got Talent Auditions". NBC.com. 2012-07-02. Archived from the original on 2012-07-06. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
  14. ^ "East Bay Express – Best Of". www.eastbayexpress.com. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
  15. ^ Hesse, Monica (2008-01-20). "There is an escape in dance". The Washington Post. p. M02. Retrieved 2009-02-17.

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