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Turfing (or turf dancing) is a form of American street dance that originated in Oakland, California, by youth from West Oakland and organized by dancer Jeriel Bey and named the Organization The Architeckz™. Bey and others claim the name is an acronym for Taking Up Room on the Floor. The style was originally known by the terms "having fun with it" or "hitting it", but these names didn't seem marketable. However, another claim for the nomenclature considers the acronym as a backronym and that turf dancing originated as a way to describe dances that different "turfs" (locations or territories) from Oakland performed to represent where they were from (the same as "blocks" or "sets"). The dance form had its earliest influences in the Oakland boogaloo movement of the mid-1960s, but it developed into a distinctive dance style.
The dance form originated in the boogaloo movement in Oakland, California in the 1960s, developing into a separate genre of dance in the 1990s. Along with hyphy music, it came to be seen as distinctively representative of Oakland. The movement rose to prominence in 2002 following Jeriel Bey's establishment of his group, "The Architeckz™."
Turf dancing was first displayed on videos from artists such as Baby Bash, Keak Da Sneak, and E-40 by innovative and influential turf dancers (and creators of the turfing Lifestyle) Jeriel Bey. Along Demetrius Zigler, Chare' Johnson, Rawnay, Ronald "Head" Singleton & Yun Shep, and Dav 2.0. Turf dance had been promoted as a means of dispute resolution within the Oakland community, and in 2005 The Architeckz built on this concept of dance battle by engaging krump dancers from Los Angeles in city-level competition. Friendly rivalries with dancers from New York City and Memphis, Tennessee have developed as well. The artist E-40 brought international attention to the movement with his 2006 single Tell Me When to Go. In 2012 Alonzo (Turf) Jones a.k.a. Retro, a turf dancer and skateboarder from California's Bay Area competed on the TV talent competition America's Got Talent (in season 7).
The foundation of turf dance is based on a series of dances with different "turfs" in Oakland displayed. Some of these foundation dances are "two step," "brookfield," "auntie," "shaking," "the busta," "cliffhangers," "tsunamis" and "traces". Turf dance also includes "story telling" which is a style based on pantomime "life stories" or "everyday activities". Turfing incorporates other dance style concepts such as tutting, flexing, waving and animation. Turf dance is an improvisational, free-flowing form of dance that is based on the idea of pure cause and effect but focuses on storytelling, the creation of optical illusions, and the display of distinctive personal style. Dance elements include popping, locking, and miming. Gliding is heavily used in turf dance because it enables the creation of optical illusions. "Going dumb," or completely letting one's emotions loose on the dance floor, is also a distinctive part of the tradition.
- Burkey, Shannon (2005-07-26). "Freestylin' Freestylin' Freestylin' The Architeckz aim to". Oakland Tribune. Retrieved 2009-02-17.[dead link]
- Zamora, Jim Herron (2007-03-10). "Architeckz look to build outlet for Oakland youth / Dance troupe channels emotions through 'turf dancing,' a younger sibling of 1980s break dancing". San Francisco Chronicle. p. B 1. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- Savion-Royant, Yoram (1 May 2008). "Letter Home" (PDF). Berkeley.edu. Judith Lee Stronach Baccalaureate Prize Project, University of California Berkeley. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
TURF stands for Taking Up Room on the Floor
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- Color, Mad (2012-06-01). "Alonzo 'Turf' Jones Brings the Art of Extreme Hip Hop Contortionism to the Masses on ‘America’s Got Talent’". popscampaign.org. p. 1. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
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- Turf Dancing Honors Urban City Life - ABC News Nightline 11/29/2010