Turhan Feyzioğlu

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Turhan Feyzioğlu
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
31 March 1975 – 21 June 1977
Prime MinisterSüleyman Demirel
Served withNecmettin Erbakan
Alparslan Türkeş
Preceded byZeyyat Baykara
Succeeded byOrhan Eyüboğlu
In office
25 June 1962 – 25 December 1963
Prime Ministerİsmet İnönü
Serving withEkrem Alican
Hasan Dincer
Preceded byAli Akif Eyidoğan
Succeeded byKemal Satır
Minister of State
In office
20 November 1961 – 25 June 1962
Prime Ministerİsmet İnönü
Minister of National Education
In office
5 January 1961 – 7 February 1961
Prime MinisterCemal Gürsel
Preceded byBedrettin Tuncel
Succeeded byAhmet Tahtakılıç
Leader of the Republican Reliance Party
In office
4 May 1973 – 16 October 1981
Preceded byHimself (as leader of the National Reliance Party)
Succeeded byParty abolished
Leader of the National Reliance Party
In office
29 January 1971 – 4 May 1973
Preceded byHimself (as leader of the Reliance Party)
Succeeded byHimself (as leader of the Republican Reliance Party)
Leader of the Reliance Party
In office
12 May 1967 – 29 January 1971
Preceded byParty established
Succeeded byHimself (as leader of the National Reliance Party)
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
27 October 1957 – 12 September 1980
ConstituencySivas (1957)
Kayseri (1961, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1977)
Personal details
Born1922
Kayseri, Turkey
Died24 March 1988
Ankara, Turkey
NationalityTurkish
Political partyRepublican People's Party (CHP)
Republican Reliance Party (CGP)
Spouse(s)Leyla Feyzioğlu
ChildrenSaide Feyzioğlu (1950–1969)
Metin Feyzioğlu (born 1969; adoptive son)
EducationLaw
Alma materIstanbul University
OccupationPolitician, academician
Known forDean of Faculty of Political Science, Ankara University
Rector of Middle East Technical University

Turhan Feyzioğlu (1922 – 24 March 1988) was a Turkish academic and a politician.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Kayseri. After finishing the primary school in Kayseri, he studied in Galatasaray High School and in Law school of Istanbul University. After post graduate studies in United Kingdom, he returned to Turkey and became a professor of Ankara University. In 1955, he was elected as the dean of Political Sciences School in Ankara University. He also began writing in the bulletin of his school. His articles however irritated the Democrat Party government and he had to resign. Although in 1960–1961 term he briefly returned to academics and served as the rector of Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara, his main area of interest was politics.[1]

Politics in CHP[edit]

In 1957 he went into politics and became a member of Republican people's Party (CHP). In the same year he was elected as the MP from Sivas Province. In 1960 (during his service in METU) he also served in the constituent assembly and was appointed as the minister of education [2] in Cabinet Gürsel I. In the elections held in 1961, he was elected as the MP from Kayseri Province, his home. He served in the two governments of İsmet İnönü In the first he served as state minister (French: ministre sans portefeuille) and in the second as deputy prime minister.[2] Turhan Feyzioğlu was one of the major figures of the party. But beginning by 1965, Bülent Ecevit the secretary general of the party who had the support of İsmet İnönü began to challenge his authority in the party. Turhan Feyzioğlu struggled against Ecevit’s slogan "left of center" (Turkish: ortanın solu).

Politics in Reliance Party[edit]

On 12 May 1967 Turhan Feyzioğlu and his 47 followers in the parliamentary group broke away from CHP to form a new party named Reliance Party.[3] Feyzioğlu became the chairman of the new party. On 29 January 1971, the party was renamed as National Reliance Party and on 4 May 1973, Republican Party, another party also issued from CHP, merged to Nationalistic Reliance Party.[3] After merging, the party was renamed as Republican Reliance Party. Turhan Feyzioğlu continued as the chairman of Republican Reliance Party.

Politics in Republican Reliance Party[edit]

Republican Reliance Party continued up to 1980 and Turhan Feyzioğlu continued to be a MP from Kayseri Province. Although his party was losing support, Feyzioğlu served two times as deputy prime minister in coalition governments; in 1975 in Süleyman Demirel's cabinet and in 1978 Bülent Ecevit’s cabinet.[2] (Cabinet Demirel IV and Cabinet Ecevit III)

Family life[edit]

Turhan Feyzioğlu married to Leyla Cıngıllıoğlu. Their daughter Saide (born in 1950) married Mehmet Buçukoğlu, but she died two hours after bearing a son, Metin, on 7 July 1969. Metin was adopted by his grandparents and took the surname Feyzioğlu. He became a professor of criminal law and was elected President of Turkish Union of Bar Associations in May 2013.[4][5]

Death[edit]

After 1980 he abandoned politics.[1] Turhan Feyzioğlu died at the age of 66 in Ankara on 24 March 1988.

Books[edit]

The following is the list of Feyzioğlu's books. Five of them are in Turkish and one in French.

  • Kanunların Anayasaya Uygunluğunun Kazai Murakabesi (1951)
  • Demokrasiye ve Diktatörlüğe Dair (1957)
  • Devlet Adamı Atatürk (1963)
  • Atatürk ve Milliyetçilik
  • Türk Millî Mücadelesinin ve Atatürkçülüğün Temel İlkelerinden Biri Olarak Millet Egemenliği.
  • Atatürk Yolu
  • Un Liberateur et un Modernisateur Genial Kemal Atatürk

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law news (in Turkish)
  2. ^ a b c Official page of Prime minister Archived 2 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b Türkiye'nin 75 Yılı, Tempo Yayınları, Istanbul, 1998
  4. ^ "Kılıçdaroğlu'na sözüm var: Hep doğruyu söyleyeceğim". Hürriyet Pazar (in Turkish). 30 October 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Barolar Birliği Başkanı Metin Feyzioğlu". Radikal (in Turkish). 26 May 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
Preceded by
Fehmi Yavuz
Minister of National Education
5 January 1961 – 27 October 1961
Succeeded by
Mehmet Hilmi İncesulu
Preceded by
Hayri Mumcuğlu
Adnan Erzi
Sitkı Ulay
Ali Nasır Zeytinoğlu
Minister of State
20 November 1961 – 25 June 1962
Succeeded by
Hıfzı Oğuz Bekata
Şevket Raşit Hatiboğlu
Ali Şakir Ağanoğlu
Vefik Piriçcioğlu
Preceded by
Akif Eyidoğan
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
25 June 1962 – 25 December 1963
Succeeded by
Kemal Satır
Preceded by
Zeyyat Baykara
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
31 March 1975 – 21 June 1977
Succeeded by
Orhan Eyüboğlu
Turan Güneş
Preceded by
Necmettin Erbakan
Alparslan Türkeş
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
5 January 1978 – 12 November 1979
Succeeded by
Vacant