Turhan Përmeti

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Turhan Përmeti
Turhan Pasha.jpg
3rd Prime Minister of Albania
In office
7 March 1914 – 3 September 1914
Preceded by Fejzi Bej Alizoti
Succeeded by Essad Pasha Toptani
In office
25 December 1918 – 29 January 1920
Preceded by Essad Pasha Toptani
Succeeded by Sulejman Delvina
Wali of Crete
In office
Preceded by Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha
Succeeded by Alexander Karatheodori Pasha
In office
12 March 1896 – May 1896
Preceded by Alexander Karatheodori Pasha
Succeeded by Kölemen Abdullah Pasha
Personal details
Born 1839
Përmet, Ottoman Empire (now Albania)
Died 18 February 1927[1]

Turhan Pasha Përmeti (1839 – 18 February 1927[1]) was an Albanian politician who served as the 3rd Prime Minister of Albania.

He held the title of Pasha of the Ottoman Empire.

Among the Ottoman posts he occupied were Governor of Crete 1895 and 1896, and ambassador in Saint Petersburg. He was a fluent Greek speaker and considered a capable though rather indecisive administrator. His governorship of Crete ended with the insurrection of May 24, 1896 that eventually led to the loss of the island by the Ottoman Empire. Përmeti represented the Ottoman Empire as its delegate at the Second Hague Peace Conference of 1907.[2]

He served as Prime Minister of Albania in 1914, and then again in 1918–1920. Succeeding Fejzi Bej Alizoti, he became Albania’s third prime minister and the first to serve under Prince Wied. Përmeti’s contemporaries argued that, because he had lacked affiliation with the Albanian national cause, he was not familiar with the needs of Albanians. His premiership was interrupted by Albanian discontent twice. He was overthrown by Essad Pasha in 1914, and then by the Congress of Lushnjë in 1920.

Government of Durrës[edit]

The composition of government was proposed since the first session of the meetings.[3]

Government of the Principality of Albania: 28 December 1918 – 28 January 1920:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Swire, John (1971). Albania: The Rise of a Kingdom. New York: Arno Press. p. 313. 
  2. ^ Skendi, Stavro (1967). The Albanian national awakening. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 178. ISBN 9781400847761. 
  3. ^ Kongresi i Durrësit, 25 dhjetor 1918 [Congress of Durres, Dec 25 1918] (in Albanian), Gazeta Republika, 2012-12-27, retrieved 2013-12-15 
  4. ^ a b c d Pearson 2006, pp. 117.
  5. ^ Elsie 2010, pp. 273.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Chekrezi 1919, pp. 186.
  7. ^ Özdalga 2011, pp. 327.
  8. ^ Elsie 2010, pp. 179.
  9. ^ Elsie 2010, pp. 334.
  10. ^ Fejzi Alizoti, Dorëzohen kujtimet e ministrit të Ismail Qemalit [Fejzi Alizoti, handed over the memories of the Minister of Ismail Qemali] (in Albanian), Gazeta Shqip, 2012-12-02, retrieved 2013-12-16 
Political offices
Preceded by
Fejzi Alizoti
Prime Minister of Albania
March 15, 1914–September 3, 1914
Succeeded by
Esad Toptani
Preceded by
Esad Toptani
Prime Minister of Albania
December 25, 1918–January 29, 1920
Succeeded by
Sulejman Delvina