Turin–Milan railway

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Turin–Milan railway
Novara ferroviaTO-MI.jpg
The railway near Novara
Overview
Type Heavy rail
Status in use
Locale Italy
Termini Turin
Milan
Stations 18 station, 8 stops
Operation
Opened 1 July 1859 (1859-07-01)
Owner RFI
Operator(s) Trenitalia, Trenord
Technical
Line length 153 km (95 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Operating speed 160 km/h (99 mph)
Route map
0.00 Torino Porta Nuova
to Pinerolo and Torre Pellice/Genoa
to Bardonecchia and France
6.00 Torino Porta Susa
Dora Riparia river
to Ceres (link closed in 2006)
8.00 Torino Dora
Stura di Lanzo river
12.00 Torino Stura
Milan-Turin Autostrada
Turin–Milan high-speed line
17.00 Settimo
to Pont Canavese
25.00 Brandizzo
Orco river
from Aosta
29.00 Chivasso
to Asti
32.00 Castelrosso
to Alessandria
36.00 Torrazza Piemonte
Dora Baltea river
40.00 Saluggia
43.00 Sant'Antonino di Saluggia
47.00 Livorno Ferraris
connection with Turin–Milan high-speed line
51.00 Bianzè
57.00 Tronzano
Autostrada A4/A26—European route E25
57.933 Santhià
to Biella and Arona
63.584 San Germano Vercellese
68.483 Olcenengo
from Casale Monferrato
77.054 Vercelli
Sesia river
to Pavia
82.051 Borgo Vercelli
Autostrada A26
88.937 Ponzana
from Biella
From Varallo, Domodossola, Arona and Luino / Saronno
Novara FNM (closed)
98.940 Novara / Novara Nordto Saronno
Turin–Milan high-speed
to Alessandria
108.464 Trecate
Ticino River
120.421 Magenta
123.688 Corbetta–Santo Stefano Ticinosince 1936 [1]
126.206 Vittuone–Arluno
Turin–Milan high-speed line
Milan-Turin Autostrada
131.037 Pregnana Milanese
133.381 from Domodossola, Luino and from Porto Ceresio
134.571
16.348
Rho
Milan western ring road—European route E35E62
Autostrada A4E64
Turin–Milan high-speed line
12.618 Rho Fiera
Autostrada A8
8.526 Milano Certosa
to Passante and Milano Porta Garibaldi
Milan–Saronno railway
Milan–Asso railway
To Chiasso/Switzerland, Verona/Venice, Bologna and Genoa
0.000 Milano Centrale

The Turin–Milan railway is a major Italian railway that links the cities of Turin and Milan. The railway is double track, standard gauge and fully electrified at 3 kV DC. It connects the cities of Settimo Torinese, Chivasso, Santhià, Vercelli, Novara, Magenta and Rho. Since February 2006 high-speed trains have operated over the Turin–Milan high-speed line between Turin and Novara. The remainder of the high-speed line between Novara and Milan is expected to be opened in December 2009, when the Bologna–Florence high-speed line and the remaining sections of the Rome–Naples high-speed railway line and the Naples–Salerno high-speed line are also expected to open, completing the high-speed network between Turin and Salerno.

History[edit]

Construction and opening[edit]

The line was built by Thomas Brassey under contract to the Società Vittorio Emanuele ("Victor Emmanuel Company", named in honour of Victor Emmanuel II, then king of Piedmont and Sardinia) and opened between Turin and Novara on 20 October 1856 and extended to the Ticino River—which formed the boundary between Piedmont and the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (then part of the Austrian Empire)—on 18 October 1858. The bridge over the river connecting to the existing railway from Milan at Magenta was opened on 1 June 1859.

Battle of Magenta[edit]

Three days later the French-Sardinian army led by Napoleon III defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Magenta with the help of supplies brought by the new railway. This was a major step in the unification of Italy.[2]

Ownership changes[edit]

It was part of the Società per le strade ferrate dell'Alta Italia (Upper Italian Railways) from 1865, the Società per le Strade Ferrate del Mediterraneo (Mediterranean Railway Company) from 1885 and Ferrovie dello Stato from 1905.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordine di Servizio n. 25 - 1936
  2. ^ Kalla-Bishop, P. M. (1971). Italian Railways. Newton Abbott, Devon, England: David & Charles. p. 26. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Turin–Milan railway at Wikimedia Commons