Turk Shahi

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Turk Shahi
Tamga of the Turk Shahi of Turk Shahi
Tamga of the Turk Shahi
Lands of the Turk Shahi in 700 AD, after the secession of Zabulistan.
Lands of the Turk Shahi in 700 AD, after the secession of Zabulistan.
• 665 - 680
Barha Tegin
• 680 - c. 730
Khorasan Tegin Shah
• ? - c. 850
Historical eraEarly Middle Ages
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Rutbils of Zabulistan
Hindu Shahi
Today part ofAfghanistan
Part of a series on the
History of Afghanistan
"Interior of the palace of Shauh Shujah Ool Moolk, Late King of Cabul"
Associated Historical Names for the Region
History of the Turkic peoples
History of the Turkic peoples
Pre-14th century
Turkic Khaganate 552–744
  Western Turkic
  Eastern Turkic
Khazar Khaganate 618–1048
Xueyantuo 628–646
Great Bulgaria 632–668
  Danube Bulgaria
  Volga Bulgaria
Kangar union 659–750
Turk Shahi 665–850
Türgesh Khaganate 699–766
Uyghur Khaganate 744–840
Karluk Yabgu State 756–940
Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212
  Western Kara-Khanid
  Eastern Kara-Khanid
Ganzhou Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036
Qocho 856–1335
Pecheneg Khanates
Kimek confederation
Oghuz Yabgu State
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186
Seljuk Empire 1037–1194
  Sultanate of Rum
Kerait khanate 11th century–13th century
Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231
Naiman Khanate –1204
Qarlughid Kingdom 1224–1266
Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526
  Mamluk dynasty
  Khalji dynasty
  Tughlaq dynasty
Golden Horde | [1][2][3] 1240s–1502
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517
  Bahri dynasty
Bengal Sultanate 1352–1487
  Ilyas Shahi dynasty

The Turk Shahi (Turkish: Türk Şahiler) were a Turkic dynasty that ruled from Kabul and Kapisa in the 7th to 9th centuries. They replaced the Nezak – the last dynasty of Bactrian rulers with origins among the Xwn (Xionite) and/or Huna peoples (who are sometimes also referred to as "Huns", under the controversial belief that they were linked to Huns that invaded Eastern Europe during a similar period).

Kabulistan was the heartland of the Turk Shahi domain, which at times included Zabulistan.[4] and Gandhara.

During their rule, the Turk Shahi were an obstacle to the eastward expansion of the Abbasid Caliphate.

The last Shahi ruler of Kabul, Lagaturman, was deposed by a Brahmin minister[who?] in c. 850, signaling the end of the Buddhist Turk Shahi dynasty, and the beginning of the Hindu Shahi dynasty of Kabul.[5]



  1. ^ Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2006). Peoples of Western Asia. p. 364.
  2. ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (2007). Historic Cities of the Islamic World. p. 280.
  3. ^ Borrero, Mauricio (2009). Russia: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present. p. 162.
  4. ^ "15. The Rutbils of Zabulistan and the "Emperor of Rome"". Pro.geo.univie.ac.at. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
  5. ^ "16. The Hindu Shahis in Kabulistan and Gandhara and the Arab conquest". Pro.geo.univie.ac.at. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
  6. ^ CNG Coins