The Turkestanian salamander (Hynobius turkestanicus) is a species of salamander in the Hynobiidae family once found in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Several specimens were collected in 1909, but since then the species has not been seen in the wild. None remain in captivity. The Turkestanian salamander is currently on the list of the 10 Most Wanted Amphibians, a rediscovery effort launched by Conservation International.
- Kuzmin, S.; Ishchenko, V.; Ananjeva, N. & Orlov, N. (2004). "Hynobius turkestanicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Turkestanian salamander". Biodiversity: Species profiles. Conservation International. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "The search for lost frogs". Campaigns. Conservation International. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
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