Turkey, Texas

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Turkey city limits
Turkey, Texas
City
TurkeyTexas2 (1 of 1).jpg
Location of Turkey, Texas
Location of Turkey, Texas
Hall County Turkey.svg
Coordinates: 34°23′39″N 100°53′41″W / 34.39417°N 100.89472°W / 34.39417; -100.89472Coordinates: 34°23′39″N 100°53′41″W / 34.39417°N 100.89472°W / 34.39417; -100.89472
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyHall
Area
 • Total0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Land0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
2,333 ft (711 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total421
 • Density515/sq mi (198.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79261
Area code(s)806
FIPS code48-73964[1]
GNIS feature ID1370215[2]

Turkey is a city in Hall County, Texas, United States. The population was 421 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 494 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Turkey is located in southwestern Hall County at 34°23′39″N 100°53′41″W / 34.39417°N 100.89472°W / 34.39417; -100.89472 (34.394248, −100.894736).[4] Texas State Highway 70 runs through the east side of the city as 9th Street, leading north 42 miles (68 km) to Clarendon and south 28 miles (45 km) to Matador. Texas State Highway 86 runs through the center of Turkey as Main Street, leading east 30 miles (48 km) to Estelline and west 53 miles (85 km) to Tulia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Turkey has a total area of 0.81 square miles (2.1 km2), all land.[3]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Turkey has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930975
1940930−4.6%
19501,0058.1%
1960813−19.1%
1970680−16.4%
1980644−5.3%
1990507−21.3%
2000494−2.6%
2010421−14.8%
Est. 2016396[6]−5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 494 people, 207 households, and 127 families resided in the city. The population density was 598.9 people per square mile (232.6/km²). The 274 housing units averaged 332.2 per square mile (129.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.86% European-American, 5.67% black, 0.40% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 21.26% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 31.17% of the population.

Of the 207 households, 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were not families; 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was distributed as 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,833, and for a family was $24,423. Males had a median income of $20,125 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,809. About 28.4% of families and 32.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.5% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Turkey-Quitaque Independent School District.

PETA controversy[edit]

In November 2011, animal rights organization PETA petitioned the town to temporarily change its name to "Tofurkey".[8]

First Phillips 66 service station built in Texas[edit]

The first Phillips 66 service station built in Texas opened on July 27, 1928, on the corner of 5th Street and Main in Turkey, Texas.[9] In January 2019, this service station was recognized by the Texas Historical Commission as a Recorded Texas Historical Landmark and a marker dedication ceremony to unveil the state historical marker is planned to take place at the service station in April 2020.[10][11][citation needed]

Restored 1928 Phillips 66 Service Station. The first Phillips 66 Service Station built in Texas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Turkey city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Turkey, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "PETA Wants Turkey, TX, to Change Its Name to "Tofurky"". Texas Monthly. November 15, 2011.
  9. ^ Turkey Enterprise Newspaper, July 26, 1928
  10. ^ January 25, 2019, Texas Historical Commission email correspondence from Lynnette Cen to Historical Marker sponsor Michael Goldsby
  11. ^ January 25, 2019, Texas Historical Commission email correspondence from Lynnette Cen to Historical Marker sponsor Michael Goldsby

External links[edit]