Turkey call

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The term turkey call can refer to either the different vocalizations of the turkey or devices designed and used to imitate these sounds.[1][2]

Vocalizations of wild turkeys include "gubles", "clucks", "putts", "purrs", "yelps", "cutts", "cackles", "kee-kees", "clulululud" and the coveted French call "glouglou".[3][4][5][6][7]

To reproduce these different vocalizations there are various types of turkey calls available today and a good hunter learns to use several because it is unpredictable which type of sound a wild turkey will respond to on any given time. The hunter will learn turkey call techniques to attract a turkey to their location.[8][9]

Imitative devices[edit]

Pot calls[edit]

A slate pot call
A turkey call striker

Pot calls may be the most common turkey calls[citation needed] because they are easy to use and create lifelike turkey sounds. Friction calls feature a round (usually) surface, and the user creates sound by drawing a peg, or "striker", across the surface. Pot call surfaces can be slate, aluminum, glass or a variety of other materials.[10]

Box calls[edit]

Box calls create turkey sounds with the friction created by sliding the lid across the surface of the box. Box calls are convenient and are capable of producing more volume than any other call in the world.[11]

Push-pull calls[edit]

Push-pull turkey calls are the simplest of all turkey calls to use, and create realistic turkey sounds. A push-pull call functions by pushing and/or pulling a button on the end of the call, forcing a surface across a peg.[12]

Tube calls[edit]

The tube call is a popular caller for many of the nation's top turkey hunters. With it, a hunter can make virtually any sound in a turkey's vocabulary from yelps to purrs to gobbles. Tube calls consist of a small hollow barrel with latex fixed across half of the top with an elastic band.[13]

Wingbone calls[edit]

Wingbone calls originally were made from the wingbones of a turkey, and some still are. They are a suction-type call. Sounds are made with quick, forceful sucking motions, much like kissing the end of the call. Good wingbone calls make a hollow sounding yelp.[14]

Diaphragm calls[edit]

Diaphragm calls are inserted entirely in the user's mouth and require years of practice to learn to use them correctly.[15]

Locator calls[edit]

Locators are calls used to force a tom turkey to gobble, thus giving away his location. Mature male turkeys will "shock gobble" at loud noises such as an owl's hoot, a crow's caw, a hawk's scream, a peahen's call, a rock bouncing off a stop sign, - even thunder or a train's whistle.[16]


  1. ^ Bauserman, Jace (2022-04-12). "The Many Sounds of the North American Wild Turkey". Free Range American. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  2. ^ "5 Turkey Calls You're Not Making, But Should Be". Field & Stream. 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  3. ^ "GLOUGLOU : Définition de GLOUGLOU".
  4. ^ "How to Turkey Hunt". Outdoor Life. 2023-02-01. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  5. ^ "Wild Turkey Sounds, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology". www.allaboutbirds.org. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  6. ^ "Turkey Purring Sounds | Effects | Sound Bites | Sound Clips from SoundBible.com". soundbible.com. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  7. ^ "5 Turkey Calls You're Not Making, But Should Be". Field & Stream. 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  8. ^ "How to Turkey Hunt". Outdoor Life. 2023-02-01. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  9. ^ "Turkey Call: The Sound of Success". Todays Adventure. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  10. ^ Hunter, Advanced (2019-12-10). "Best Turkey Calls – 10 Highly Effective Box & Pot Calls • Advanced Hunter". Advanced Hunter. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  11. ^ Wall, Ed. "A history of turkey calls". The Daily News - Jacksonville, NC. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  12. ^ "Best Turkey Calls for Beginners". MidwayUSA. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  13. ^ "How To Use a Tube Call - video Dailymotion". Dailymotion. 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  14. ^ "How to build a turkey call". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  15. ^ "8 Best Turkey Calls for Luring a Prized Tom". Popular Mechanics. 2022-03-11. Retrieved 2023-02-10.
  16. ^ "Just in time for gobbler season". observertoday.com. Retrieved 2023-02-10.