Turkey ham

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Jennie-O brand turkey ham. Jennie-O first introduced turkey ham to U.S. consumers in 1975.

Turkey ham is a ready-to-eat, processed meat made from cooked or cured turkey meat, water and other ingredients such as binders. Turkey ham products contain no ham or pork products. Several companies in the United States produce turkey ham and market it under various brand names. It was invented circa 1975 by Jennie-O who first introduced it to consumers that year. Around January 1980, the American Meat Institute tried to ban use of the term "turkey ham" for products that are composed solely of turkey and contain no ham.

Overview[edit]

Turkey ham is a processed meat product made primarily from cooked or cured turkey meat and water, formed into the shape of a ham and often sold pre-sliced.[1][2] It is a ready-to-eat product that can be consumed cold or heated.[3]

Production[edit]

Turkey ham is produced from turkey meat such as cured turkey thigh meat and other meat from the animals, which can be machine-deboned.[4] Contrary to the product's name, turkey ham products do not contain any ham or pork products.[5] Some turkey ham products are manufactured with added water, which adds moisture and weight, and some include binders, which serves to bind the moisture and fat in the meat to improve texture.[6][7] Turkey ham is sometimes flavored to resemble the flavor of ham.[5] Turkey ham typically has a 5 percent fat content, and some turkey hams are produced as fat-free.[3][8] Turkey hams are typically produced in two sizes, whole and half-sized.[3]

Some U.S. producers and brands of turkey ham include Butterball, Cargill, Jennie-O, Louis Rich, Norbest and Oscar Meyer.[9][10][11][12]

History[edit]

Turkey ham was developed by Jennie-O and was first introduced to American consumers by the company in 1975.[a] Turkey ham was a successful venture for Jennie-O, as the processed meat brought in revenues that were ten times higher compared to those the company realized from unprocessed turkey thighs.[13]

Labeling[edit]

Around January 1980, the American Meat Institute (AMI) attempted to ban the use of the term "turkey ham" for products that contain no ham and are entirely composed of turkey, which the AMI described as "flagrant consumer deception".[5] Use of the term "turkey ham" for such products was also opposed by some ham producers in the United States.[5] Circa this time, the U.S. government began requiring turkey ham producers to include the words "cured turkey thigh meat" on turkey ham packaging.[5] In 2010, it was written in the Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology, Secondary Processing that the term "cured turkey thigh meat" always followed the words "turkey ham" on American turkey ham packaging.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The development of turkey ham in 1975 was a major breakthrough, not only for Jennie-O ..."[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sun, D.W. (2016). Computer Vision Technology for Food Quality Evaluation. Elsevier Science. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-12-802599-4. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  2. ^ Acton, Q.A. (2012). Issues in General Food Research: 2011 Edition. ScholarlyEditions. p. pt1093. ISBN 978-1-4649-6412-1. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology, Secondary Processing. Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology. Wiley. 2010. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-470-50446-8. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  4. ^ Pearson, A.M.; Gillett, T.A. (2012). Processed Meats. Springer US. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-4615-7685-3. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e Kiplinger's Personal Finance. Kiplinger Washington Editors, Inc. January 1980. p. 4. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  6. ^ Hui, Y.H. (2006). Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering. CRCNET books. Taylor & Francis. p. 72-92. ISBN 978-0-8493-9848-3. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  7. ^ "Non-meat Ingredients". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  8. ^ Natow, A.B.; Heslin, J.A. (2008). The Fat Counter: 7th Edition. Pocket Books. p. 548. ISBN 978-1-4165-0986-8. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  9. ^ Allen, G.J.; Albala, K. (2007). The Business of Food: Encyclopedia of the Food and Drink Industries. Greenwood Press. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-313-33725-3. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  10. ^ Apps, J. (2015). Wisconsin Agriculture: A History (in Spanish). Wisconsin Historical Society Press. p. 340. ISBN 978-0-87020-725-9. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  11. ^ DeBakey, M.E. (1992). The Living Heart Brand Name Shopper's Guide. MasterMedia Limited. p. 296. ISBN 978-0-942361-43-8. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  12. ^ Farmer cooperatives. The Service. 1977. p. 10. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  13. ^ a b Drache, H.M. (2001). Creating Abundance: Visionary Entrepreneurs of Agriculture. Interstate Publishers. pp. 323–324. ISBN 978-0-8134-3208-3. Retrieved May 29, 2017.

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of turkey ham at Wiktionary