Turkey national football team

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This article is about the men's team. For the women's team, see Turkey women's national football team.
Turkey
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Ay-Yıldızlılar (The Crescent-Stars)[1]
Association Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu (TFF)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Fatih Terim
Captain Mehmet Topal[2]
Most caps Rüştü Reçber (120)
Top scorer Hakan Şükür (51)
FIFA code TUR[3]
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 21 Decrease 2 (15 September 2016)
Highest 5 (June 2004)
Lowest 67 (October 1993)
Elo ranking
Current 19 (10 July 2016)
Highest 9 (November 2002)
Lowest 82 (November 1985)
First international
 Turkey 2–2 Romania 
(Istanbul, Turkey; 26 October 1923)[4]
Biggest win
 Turkey 7–0 South Korea
(Geneva, Switzerland; 20 June 1954)
Biggest defeat
 Poland 8–0 Turkey 
(Chorzów, Poland; April 24, 1968)
 Turkey 0–8 England 
(Istanbul, Turkey; 14 November 1984)
 England 8–0 Turkey 
(London, England; 14 October 1987)
World Cup
Appearances 2 (First in 1954)
Best result Third place, 2002
European Championship
Appearances 4 (First in 1996)
Best result Semi-finals, 2008
Confederations Cup
Appearances 1 (First in 2003)
Best result Third place, 2003

The Turkey national football team (Turkish: Türkiye Millî Futbol Takımı) represents Turkey in association football and is controlled by the Turkish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Turkey. They are affiliated with UEFA.

Turkey has qualified three times for the World Cup, in 1950, 1954, and 2002, although they withdrew from the 1950 event. Turkey has also qualified four times for the UEFA European Championship, in 1996, 2000, 2008, and 2016. They have reached the semi-finals of three major tournaments: the 2002 World Cup, the 2003 Confederations Cup, and Euro 2008. After their third-place finish at the 2002 World Cup, which marked a high point in Turkish football history, Turkey occupied a spot in the top ten of the FIFA World Rankings for the first time since the rankings were introduced in December 1992.[5]

History[edit]

Further information: History of Turkish football
Turkey against Romania in 1923.

Early years[edit]

The Turkish national team played their first ever match against Romania in 1923 drawing 2–2.[6] Zeki Rıza Sporel is considered as the first big star of Turkish football as he scored the first two goals against Romania. Turkey played their first ever official match at the 1924 Summer Olympics losing 5–2 to Czechoslovakia.

1950 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Although Turkey qualified for the 1950 World Cup, beating Syria 7–0, they had to withdraw due to financial problems.

1954 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Turkey then qualified for the 1954 World Cup after a play-off with Spain. The Turkish team first lost 4–1 to Spain, but a 1–0 win a few days later initiated a replay. On that occasion, they tied 2–2 after, booking their place after a coin toss. Turkey was put in a group along with Hungary and West Germany. The Turks, however, never played Hungary due to the tournament format, and a 4–1 defeat by the Germans was followed by Turkey carrying out a 7–0 win over South Korea. Turkey lost the play-off to West Germany 7–2. In 1956 Turkey did however play Hungary, in a friendly match in Istanbul, beating what was one of the strongest teams of the era 3–1.[7] Lefter Küçükandonyadis, all-time best player of Turkey netted in two goals during the tournament.

Near misses[edit]

Despite the introduction of a national league, and showings by Turkish clubs in European competition, the 1960s would be a barren time for the national team. Most players from the 1954 World Cup squad were retired, and the new generation of players failed to qualify for a major tournament. The 1970s saw Turkey holding back in the World Cup and European Championship qualifiers, but the team was a point too short to qualify for both Euro 1972 and Euro 1976. In the 1980s the Turkish team also suffered their worst defeats with 8–0 scorelines against Poland and twice against England. Yet the 1990 World Cup qualifiers would mark a turning point for Turkish football, with Turkey only missing out on qualification in the final game. Prominent players in this period were Rıdvan Dilmen, Oğuz Çetin, Rıza Çalımbay, Feyyaz Uçar, and European Golden Boot winner Tanju Çolak.

1990–1996[edit]

In 1990, German coach Sepp Piontek was put in charge of the national team. Under his guidance, a group of new players debuted for the national team. Many of these players which include: Bülent Korkmaz, Alpay Özalan, Sergen Yalçın, Rüştü Reçber, and Hakan Şükür would become the backbone of the national team for many years. Piontek's mission came to an end in 1993, where he was replaced by Fatih Terim, who in turn managed to qualify for Euro 1996. Turkey qualified for its first major tournament since 1954, marking another turning point for Turkish football after having failed to qualify for both Euro 1992 and the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The appointment of Piontek was a recommended move by another German coach Jupp Derwall, who had coached Galatasaray for three seasons. Derwall is regarded as the revolutionizer of Turkish football, since his introduction of modern Western European training techniques, and tactical ideas to the Turkish game also heavily influenced the national team.

Euro 1996[edit]

Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for Euro 1996.

Turkey qualified for Euro 1996, beating both Switzerland and Sweden 2–1 along the way. Despite a solid performance during the qualifiers, Turkey lost all their matches without scoring a single goal. They did, however, go home with an award: the fair-play award, given to Alpay Özalan.

Euro 2000[edit]

Turkey failed to qualify for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, they however qualified for Euro 2000 after winning a play-off against Ireland. Turkey lost their first match 2–1 to Italy, they drew their second match against Sweden 0–0, and beat host nation Belgium 2–0, making it the first time in the history of the European Championship that a host nation had been eliminated in the first round. This victory brought Turkey into the last eight of the tournament, where they were beaten 2–0 by Portugal, with Arif Erdem missing a critical penalty.

2002 FIFA World Cup[edit]

For the 2002 FIFA World Cup Turkey finished second in their qualifying group, despite starting well and being the favourites to top the group. They lost 2–1 to Sweden in the crucial match that would decide the top spot. The Turks were forced to play the play-offs against Austria. They defeated the Austrians 6–0 on aggregate and booked their place at the finals. The Turkish team started the 2002 World Cup with a 2–1 defeat against eventual winners Brazil.[8] Turkey qualified from the group stage with a 3–0 win against China, after drawing 1–1 with Costa Rica.[9][10]

Turkey then faced home team Japan in the second round, beating them 1–0.[11] The Turkish team continued their run, as they beat Senegal 1–0 on a golden goal to book their place in the semi-finals, where a 1–0 defeat against eventual tournament winners Brazil forced them to play the third place match, and a bronze medal was won after a 3–2 victory over the South Korean team.[12][13][14] Hakan Şükür scored Turkey's first goal in 10.8 seconds, even when the South Koreans kicked off first. It was the fastest goal in World Cup history.[15] Tens of thousands of flag-waving Turkish fans greeted the World Cup squad on their return to Istanbul, where they joined a massive street party at Taksim Square.[16] Rüştü Reçber, Alpay Özalan, and Hasan Şaş were all included in the All-Star Team, with Rüştü Reçber also being voted as the best goalkeeper in the UEFA Team of the Year 2002, while Şenol Güneş was being voted as the best manager.

2003 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

In the summer of 2003, Turkey reached third place at the 2003 Confederations Cup. In the group stages, Turkey defeated the United States 2–1, before losing to Cameroon 0–1, in their final group game, Turkey drew 2–2 against Brazil, eliminating them from the tournament. Turkey lost to eventual tournament winners France 3–2 in the semi-final match. Turkey then defeated Colombia 2–1 to win the bronze medal. Tuncay Şanlı scored three goals and made an assist which won him the Silver Shoe Award and the Silver Ball Award, for the second best player of the tournament.

Euro 2004[edit]

The Turkish team failed to qualify for Euro 2004 on play-offs due to a loss to Latvia after finishing second in their group. This marked a turning point for the national team as new players were introduced to the national team to create a new generation.

2006 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The Turkish team once again narrowly missed out on the World Cup finals after failing to win a play-off, this time on away goals against Switzerland, again after finishing second in their group. There were scenes of violence after the game on and off the pitch where the Turkish team brawled with Swiss players down the tunnel.

Turkey against France on 5 June 2009.

Euro 2008[edit]

Turkey qualified for their first international tournament in six years by finishing second behind Greece in UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying Group C to reach the European Championships. They were placed alongside Switzerland, Portugal, and the Czech Republic in Group A. In their first match, they played Portugal and were beaten 2–0, but wins over Switzerland (2–1) and Czech Republic (3–2) – both secured by late goals – brought qualification for the knockout stages.[17][18][19] Again, Turkey knocked out a host nation – Switzerland – in the group stages for the second time.[20]

The quarter-final against Croatia was goalless after 90 minutes, and Croatia led 1–0 in the final minute of extra time, but another late Turkish goal by forward Semih Şentürk brought the game to penalties. The goal raised some controversy with Croatia fans and Croatia's coach, Slaven Bilić, who claimed that the goal had been scored after extra time had elapsed. This complaint, however, was overruled, and the game went into penalties. Turkey beat out Croatia in penalties 3–1.[21]

They went into the semi-final against Germany with just 14 outfield players available as a result of injuries and suspensions, but scored first and were drawing 2–2. But they finished 3rd by default after losing to Germany 3–2 with a last minute goal by Philipp Lahm.[22] Both Russia and Turkey were given bronze medals in the dressing rooms after the semi-finals.

2010 FIFA World Cup[edit]

For the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifiers Turkey had a mixed qualifying campaign, finishing with 15 points and missing out on a play-off place to Bosnia and Herzegovina with 19 points. Spain topped the group to qualify, winning every game in the process. Coach Fatih Terim announced he would be resigning his post following their failure to qualify.[23]

Euro 2012[edit]

The Turkish team during the UEFA Euro 2012 qualification.

Turkey were drawn in Group A in qualification for UEFA Euro 2012, together with Kazakhstan, Austria, Belgium, Germany, and Azerbaijan. The Turkish team reached the play-offs after beating Azerbaijan 1–0 but got eliminated 3–0 on aggregate by Croatia.

Turkey against Austria on 29 March 2016.

On 14 November 2012, Turkey celebrated their 500th match in a friendly game played against Denmark at the Türk Telekom Arena in Istanbul that ended in a 1–1 draw. Before the match, footballers and coaches, who contributed to the national team's success in the past, were honored. Turkish pop singer Hadise, who wore a national team jersey with the number 500, gave a mini concert.[24][25]

2014 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Turkey were drawn in Group D in qualification for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, together with Andorra, Estonia, Hungary, the Netherlands, and Romania finishing 4th. Turkey began to lose critical points during qualification and Abdullah Avcı was sacked soon after. Fatih Terim was put in charge for the third time to lead the national team, but a 0–2 defeat against the Netherlands ended all hopes.

Euro 2016[edit]

Turkey were drawn in Group A in qualification for UEFA Euro 2016, together with Iceland, Latvia, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands, and the Czech Republic. The Turkish team qualified for their first major tournament in eight years as the best third-placed team after beating Iceland 1–0, with Selçuk İnan netting a free kick in the 89th minute. After over 18 months being unbeaten, a loss to England as a pre-tournament friendly ended the team's winning streak, subsequently leading to back-to-back losses against Croatia and Spain in the tournament. Turkey won their last game against the Czech Republic by a scoreline of 2–0, but this victory was not enough to reach the knockout phase. Despite elimination, youngster Emre Mor's skillful display and assist during the game revealed a hopeful future for Turkish football.

Fixtures and results[edit]

2016

Coaching staff[edit]

Head Coach Turkey Fatih Terim
Assistant Coach Turkey Nihat Kahveci
Assistant Coach Turkey Tuncay Şanlı
Fitness Coach United States Mike Verhoeven
Goalkeeping Coach Turkey Eren Aytekin
National Team Manager Turkey Mustafa Eröğüt
Team Doctor Turkey Sarper Çetinkaya

Squad[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following players were called up for the friendly match against Russia on 31 August and the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification game against Croatia on 5 September 2016.[27]
Caps and goals updated as 05 September 2016 after the match against Croatia national football team.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Volkan Babacan (1988-08-11) 11 August 1988 (age 28) 22 0 Turkey İstanbul Başakşehir
12 1GK Onur Kıvrak (1988-01-01) 1 January 1988 (age 28) 12 0 Turkey Trabzonspor
23 1GK Harun Tekin (1989-06-17) 17 June 1989 (age 27) 0 0 Turkey Bursaspor

2 2DF Şener Özbayraklı (1990-01-23) 23 January 1990 (age 26) 10 0 Turkey Fenerbahçe
3 2DF İsmail Köybaşı (1989-07-10) 10 July 1989 (age 27) 22 0 Turkey Fenerbahçe
4 2DF Serdar Aziz (1990-10-23) 23 October 1990 (age 25) 11 1 Turkey Galatasaray
13 2DF Hasan Ali Kaldırım (1989-12-09) 9 December 1989 (age 26) 16 0 Turkey Fenerbahçe
14 2DF Ahmet Yılmaz Çalık (1994-02-26) 26 February 1994 (age 22) 6 0 Turkey Gençlerbirliği
17 2DF Çağlar Söyüncü (1996-05-23) 23 May 1996 (age 20) 2 0 Germany Freiburg
18 2DF Ahmet Oğuz (1993-01-16) 16 January 1993 (age 23) 0 0 Turkey Gençlerbirliği

5 3MF Nuri Şahin (1988-09-05) 5 September 1988 (age 28) 50 2 Germany Borussia Dortmund
6 3MF Okay Yokuşlu (1994-03-09) 9 March 1994 (age 22) 3 0 Turkey Trabzonspor
7 3MF Olcay Şahan (1987-05-26) 26 May 1987 (age 29) 27 2 Turkey Beşiktaş
8 3MF Tolga Ciğerci (1992-03-23) 23 March 1992 (age 24) 0 0 Turkey Galatasaray
10 3MF Hakan Çalhanoğlu (1994-02-08) 8 February 1994 (age 22) 23 7 Germany Bayer Leverkusen
11 3MF Gökhan Töre (1992-01-20) 20 January 1992 (age 24) 26 0 England West Ham United
15 3MF Mehmet Topal (Captain) (1986-03-03) 3 March 1986 (age 30) 64 1 Turkey Fenerbahçe
16 3MF Ozan Tufan (1995-03-23) 23 March 1995 (age 21) 29 2 Turkey Fenerbahçe
19 3MF Yunus Mallı (1992-02-24) 24 February 1992 (age 24) 8 0 Germany 1. FSV Mainz 05
20 3MF Volkan Şen (1987-07-07) 7 July 1987 (age 29) 21 0 Turkey Fenerbahçe
22 3MF Kaan Ayhan (1994-11-10) 10 November 1994 (age 21) 2 0 Germany Fortuna Düsseldorf

9 4FW Cenk Tosun (1991-06-07) 7 June 1991 (age 25) 13 3 Turkey Beşiktaş
21 4FW Emre Mor (1997-07-24) 24 July 1997 (age 19) 6 0 Germany Borussia Dortmund

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have also been called up to the Turkey squad within the last twelve months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Ali Şaşal Vural (1990-07-10) 10 July 1990 (age 26) 0 0 Turkey Eskişehirspor UEFA Euro 2016 PRE
GK Muammer Zülfikar Yıldırım (1990-09-14) 14 September 1990 (age 26) 0 0 Turkey Mersin İdmanyurdu v.  Austria, 29 March 2016

DF Gökhan Gönül (1985-01-04) 4 January 1985 (age 31) 60 1 Turkey Beşiktaş UEFA Euro 2016
DF Hakan Balta (1983-03-23) 23 March 1983 (age 33) 49 2 Turkey Galatasaray UEFA Euro 2016
DF Caner Erkin (1988-10-04) 4 October 1988 (age 27) 49 2 Turkey Beşiktaş UEFA Euro 2016

MF Arda Turan (1987-01-30) 30 January 1987 (age 29) 94 17 Spain Barcelona UEFA Euro 2016
MF Alper Potuk (1991-04-08) 8 April 1991 (age 25) 15 0 Turkey Fenerbahçe UEFA Euro 2016 PRE
MF Yasin Öztekin (1987-03-19) 19 March 1987 (age 29) 5 0 Turkey Galatasaray UEFA Euro 2016 PRE
MF Mahmut Tekdemir (1988-01-20) 20 January 1988 (age 28) 3 0 Turkey İstanbul Başakşehir UEFA Euro 2016 PRE
MF Selçuk İnan (1985-02-10) 10 February 1985 (age 31) 55 8 Turkey Galatasaray UEFA Euro 2016
MF Kerim Frei (1993-11-19) 19 November 1993 (age 22) 5 0 Turkey Beşiktaş v.  Austria, 29 March 2016

FW Mevlüt Erdinç (1987-02-25) 25 February 1987 (age 29) 34 8 France Metz UEFA Euro 2016 PRE
FW Umut Bulut (1983-03-15) 15 March 1983 (age 33) 38 10 Turkey Kayserispor v.  Iceland, 13 October 2015
FW Burak Yılmaz (1985-07-15) 15 July 1985 (age 31) 47 21 China Beijing Guoan UEFA Euro 2016

INJ Withdrew due to an injury.
PRE Preliminary squad.

Previous squads[edit]

Competitive record[edit]