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A turkey shoot is an opportunity for an individual or a party to take advantage of a situation very easily.
The term likely originates from a method of hunting wild turkeys in which the hunter coming upon a flock, intentionally scatters them. Once the flock is scattered, the hunter sets up and waits, as the scattered flock will return to that point individually, making them easy targets.
A "turkey shoot" is also a shooting contest in which frozen turkeys are awarded as prizes. The shoot is most commonly held using shotguns aimed at paper targets about 25-35 yards away. Original turkey shoots, however, date at least to the time of James Fenimore Cooper and were contests in which live turkeys were tied down in a pen and shot from 25-35 yards. If the turkey died, the shooter received it as a prize. That gave rise to the military term (see below). Today, turkey shoots are still popular in the rural United States. The winner is chosen according to which target has a shot closest to its center crossmark. That removes almost all luck from the contest and allows every shooter an equal chance.
Another contest, depicted in the 1941 Gary Cooper film Sergeant York, provided a caged turkey with a protective wall. Above the cage was a slot in which the turkey could raise its head. Single-shot rifles were used, and if the shooter was skilled and fast enough, the turkey was shot in the head, rewarding the shooter it as his prize.
In military situations, a turkey shoot occurs when a group or team catch the enemy off-guard or outgunned to the point of being unfair, as in the following famous examples:
- Charge of the Light Brigade — Crimean War
- Battle of the Crater — American Civil War
- Battle of the Philippine Sea — World War II
- Battle of Longewala — Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
- Operation Mole Cricket 19 — 1982 Lebanon War
- Highway of Death — Gulf War
- Battle of Fallujah (2016) – Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)