Turkic Council

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Cooperation Council of
Turkic-Speaking States
(Turkic Council)

Flag of the Turkic Council
  Members   Observer States
  Observer States
Member states[3]
• Secretary-General
Ramil Hasanov
Establishment3 October 2009
• Total
3,794,962 km2 (1,465,243 sq mi)
  1. General Secretariat.
  2. Parliamentary Assembly.
  3. Turkic Academy.

The Turkic Council (Azerbaijani: Türk Şurası; Kazakh: Түркі кеңесі, Túrki Keńesi; Kyrgyz: Түрк кеңеш; Turkish: Türk Keneşi; Uzbek: Turkiy Kengash; or, in full, the Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States (CCTS; Turkish: Türk Dili Konuşan Ülkeler İşbirliği Konseyi), is an international organization comprising some of the Turkic countries. It was founded on 3 October 2009 in Nakhchivan. The idea of setting up this cooperative council was first put forward by Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev back in 2006.

The General Secretariat is in İstanbul, Turkey. The member countries are Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey. The remaining two Turkic states, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are not currently official members of the council due to their neutral stance; however, they are possible future members of the council.[4] Uzbekistan announced its intention to join the council on 30 April 2018.[5] Since late 2018, Hungary is an observer and may soon request full membership in the Turkic Council.[6]


For centuries, Turks shaped global history in their own particular way. They built and ruled numerous empires and states in the vast area stretching from Europe to India. Today Turkic states have entered a period of close cooperation, building stronger and sounder relations, and designing their common future together. The most important achievement of Turkic cooperation, as well as an indispensable prerequisite for its future development, is the establishment of the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States or, simply, Turkic Council. The Turkic Council is an intergovernmental organization whose overarching aim is promoting comprehensive cooperation among Turkic states. The organization was established on October 3, 2009 by the Nakhchivan Agreement signed among Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey. According to Halil Akıncı, the founding Secretary-General of the organization the "Turkic Council has become the first voluntary alliance of Turkic states in history".

In 2012, the flag of the Turkic Council was adopted.

In late April 2018, it was announced that Uzbekistan is going to join the Turkic Council and attend the upcoming summit of the organisation in Bishkek.[7]

Mission and objectives[edit]

The Preamble of the Nakhchivan Agreement reaffirms the will of Member States to adhere to the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, and defines the main objective of the Turkic Council as further deepening comprehensive cooperation among Turkic Speaking States, as well as making joint contributions to peace and stability in the region and in the world. Member States have confirmed their commitment to democratic values, human rights, the rule of law, and principles of good governance.

The Nakhchivan Agreement sets out the main purposes and tasks of the Organization as follows:

  • Strengthening mutual confidence and friendship among the Parties;
  • Developing common positions on foreign policy issues;
  • Coordinating actions to combat international terrorism, separatism, extremism and cross-border crimes;
  • Promoting effective regional and bilateral cooperation in all areas of common interest;
  • Creating favorable conditions for trade and investment;
  • Aiming for comprehensive and balanced economic growth, social and cultural development;
  • Expanding interaction in the fields of science, technology, education, health, culture, sports and tourism;
  • Encouraging interaction of mass media and other means of communication;
  • Promoting exchange of relevant legal information and enhancing legal cooperation.

Structure and operation[edit]

Main organs of the Turkic Council include:

  • Council of Heads of State
  • Council of Foreign Ministers
  • Senior Officials Committee
  • Council of Elders (Aksakals)
  • The Secretariat

The main decision-making and governing body of the Turkic Council is the Council of Heads of State, which is presided over by the President whose country holds the chairmanship. The chairmanship rotates on an annual basis. All activities of the Turkic Council are coordinated and monitored by its Secretariat, which is located in Istanbul in accordance with the Nakchivan Agreement. Presidents meet once a year in a previously determined Turkic city. Senior officials, Aksakals, as well as other Ministers and government officials, all meet on a regular basis.


Since its founding agreement defines comprehensive cooperation among Turkic states as the organization's main objective and raison d'être, the Turkic Council is working on a whole variety of projects. The projects are grouped under six cooperation processes, which are: economy, culture, education, transport, customs, and diaspora. Examples of the projects include establishing the Turkic University Association and writing a common history textbook. The Turkic Council also works on ways to boost economic development in underdeveloped regions of Member States. The Secretariat brings together Economy Ministers, Education Ministers, Transport Ministers, Heads of Customs Administrations, and other senior officials from different ministries and agencies in order to work on ways to promote cooperation in relevant spheres. Prior to being brought before ministers and heads of administrations, projects and issues of cooperation are elaborated by working groups. One recently launched project is the establishment of a mechanism for closer cooperation among Turkic diasporas all over the world.

Affiliated bodies and organizations[edit]

The Turkic-speaking areas

The Turkic Council functions as an umbrella organization for all other cooperation mechanisms like:

  • the Parliamentary Assembly of the Turkic Speaking Countries (TURKPA) (administrative capital, Baku)
  • the International Organization of Turkic Culture (TURKSOY) (administrative capital, Ankara)
  • International Turkic Academy (administrative capital, Astana)
  • Turkic Cultural Heritage Fund
  • Center of Nomadic Civilizations (administrative capital, Bishkek)
  • Turkic Business Council (administrative capital, İstanbul)


Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the newly independent Turkic States of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as well as Turkey organized Summits of the Heads of Turkic Speaking States, the first of which took place in 1992 in Ankara. With the establishment of Turkic Council, at the 10th Summit it was decided to rename the top-level meetings to Turkic Council Summits.

Turkic Council Summit is the highlight of the year whereby Heads of State evaluate outcomes of the past period and set goals for the next year. The First Summit took place in Almaty, Kazakhstan, on 20–21 October 2011 and focused primarily on economic cooperation. The Second Summit was held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, on 22–23 August 2012 and concentrated on educational, scientific, and cultural cooperation. The Third Summit took place on 15–16 August 2013 in Qabala, Azerbaijan with a theme of transport and connectivity.[8]

International cooperation[edit]

Turkic Council is an observer at the Economic Cooperation Organization. The Organization has also applied for an observer status at the United Nations and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Besides, Turkic Council maintains close cooperative relations with the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia.



Country Population[9] (2016) Area (km2) GDP (nominal) 2013[10] GDP per capita (nominal) 2013[11] Projected GDP per capita (nominal) (2019)[11]
 Azerbaijan 9,725,376 86,600 $74 billion $7,812 $11,674
 Kazakhstan 17,987,736 2,724,900 $232 billion $13,509 $20,609
 Kyrgyzstan 5,955,734 199,900 $8 billion $1,280 $1,898
 Turkey 79,512,426 783,562 $822 billion $10,721 $13,301
 Uzbekistan 31,446,795 447,400 $62.64 billion $2,090
 Turkic Council  144,074,862 4,242,362 $1136 billion $10,411 $13,718

Observer states[edit]

Country Population (2016)[9] Area (km2) GDP (nominal) GDP per capita
(nominal) (2014)[12]
 Hungary[13] 9,753,281 90,030   $12,640
 Turkmenistan 5,662,544 488,100 $47.93 billion $8,020

Past and Future Population[edit]

Rank Country Area 1950 2000 2050 2100
1  Turkey 783,562 21,122,000 65,970,000 89,291,000 87,983,000
2  Uzbekistan 447,400 6,293,000 25,042,000 35,117,000 32,077,000
3  Kazakhstan 2,724,900 6,694,000 15,688,000 22,238,000 24,712,000
4  Azerbaijan 86,600 2,886,000 8,464,000 11,210,000 9,636,000
5  Kyrgyzstan 199,900 1,739,000 4,938,000 7,064,000 9,046,000
6  Turkmenistan 488,100 1,205,000 4,386,000 6,608,000 5,606,000
Total 4,730,462 39,939,000 124,488,000 171,528,000 169,060,000

Land and Water Area (Exclude Caspian Sea)[edit]

EEZ+TIA is exclusive economic zone (EEZ) plus total internal area (TIA) which includes land and internal waters.

Rank Country Area EEZ Shelf EEZ+TIA
1  Turkey 783,562 261,654 56,093 1,045,216
2  Uzbekistan 447,400 0 0 447,400
3  Kazakhstan 2,724,900 0 0 2,724,900
4  Azerbaijan 86,600 0 0 86,600
5  Kyrgyzstan 199,900 0 0 199,900
6  Turkmenistan 488,100 0 0 488,100
Total 4,730,462 261,654 56,093 4,992,116


October 30, 1992  Turkey Ankara First Summit
July 12, 1993  Kazakhstan Almaty the Almaty Agreement for founding TURKSOY
October 18, 1994  Turkey İstanbul Second Summit
August 28, 1995  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Third Summit
October 21, 1996  Uzbekistan Tashkent Fourth Summit
June 9, 1998  Kazakhstan Astana Fifth Summit
April 8, 2000  Azerbaijan Baku Sixth Summit
April 26, 2001  Turkey İstanbul Seventh Summit
November 17, 2006  Turkey Antalya Eighth Summit
November 21, 2008  Turkey İstanbul the Istanbul Agreement for founding TURKPA
October 3, 2009  Azerbaijan Nakhchivan Ninth Summit, the Nakhchivan Agreement for founding the Turkic Council
September 15, 2010  Turkey İstanbul Tenth Summit (The end of Non-Corporate Summits of Turkic-Speaking Countries State)
October 21, 2011  Kazakhstan Almaty First Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Economic Area and Trade Area
August 23, 2012  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Second Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Education, Science and Culture[14]
August 16, 2013  Azerbaijan Qabala Third Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Transportation[15]
June 5, 2014  Turkey Bodrum Fourth Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Tourism[16]
December 24, 2014  Ukraine Kiev Opening of the first Turkic Council Regional Diaspora Center[17]
September 11, 2015  Kazakhstan Astana Fifth Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Media and Information
September 2, 2018  Kyrgyzstan Cholpon Ata Sixth Turkic Council Summitt

List of Secretaries-General of the Turkic Council[edit]

No. Name Country of origin Took office Left office Note
1 Halil Akıncı  Turkey 3 October 2009 16 September 2014 End of extended term
2 Ramil Hasanov  Azerbaijan 16 September 2014 Incumbent

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Turk Dili Konusan Ulkeler Isbirligi Konseyi'nin Kurulmasina Dair Nahcivan Anlasmasi" (PDF). Turkkon.org. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  2. ^ "Congratulatory Message of the Secretary General of the Turkic Council Ambassador Ramil Hasanov, for the statement of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, H.E. Shavkat Mirziyoyev regarding Uzbekistan's accession to the Turkic Council". Turkic Council. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  3. ^ "TURKSOY Official Web Site". Turkkon.org. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
  4. ^ "Turk Dili Konusan Ulkeler Isbirligi Konseyi'nin Kurulmasina Dair Nahcivan Anlasmasi" (PDF). Turkkon.org. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  5. ^ "Uzbekistan decides to join 'Turkic alliance' during Erdogan's visit". hurriyetdailynews.com. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
  6. ^ "Hungary is now part of the assembly of "Turkic Speaking Countries"". Hungarian Free Press. 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  7. ^ "Uzbekistan decides to join 'Turkic alliance' during Erdogan's visit". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  8. ^ "Third Summit of the Turkic Council Press Release". Turkkon.org. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  9. ^ a b "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  10. ^ "GDP (current US$) - Data". Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  11. ^ a b "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". Imf.org. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  12. ^ "GDP (current US$) - Data". Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Press Release of the Sixth Summit of the Turkic Council". Turkic Council. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  14. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  15. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  17. ^ "Türk Dili Konuşan Ülkeler İşbirliği Konseyi". Turkkon.org. Retrieved 25 August 2017.

External links[edit]