Turkish Airlines Flight 278
A Turkish Airlines Boeing 737-400 similar to the one involved
|Date||29 December 1994|
|Site||near Van Ferit Melen Airport, Turkey
|Aircraft type||Boeing 737-4Y0|
|Flight origin||Esenboğa International Airport, Ankara, Turkey|
|Destination||Van Ferit Melen Airport, Van, Turkey|
Turkish Airlines Flight 278, operated by a Boeing 737-4Y0 registered TC-JES and named Mersin, was a domestic scheduled flight from Ankara Esenboğa Airport to Van Ferit Melen Airport in eastern Turkey that crashed on 29 December 1994 during its final approach to land in driving snow. Five of the seven crew and 52 of the 69 passengers lost their lives, while two crew members and 17 passengers survived with serious injuries.
At 15:30 EET (13:30 UTC), TK278 struck a hill near Edremit district of Van Province at 5,700 ft (1,700 m) AMSL around 4 km (2.2 nmi) from Van Airport while on a third VOR-DME approach to the Runway 03 in bad weather despite a warning from air traffic control not to attempt any more approaches in a snowstorm. The visibility was 900 m (3,000 ft) reducing to 300 m (980 ft) in heavy driving snow.
It was the worst aviation accident involving a Boeing 737-400 at that time. It was subsequently surpassed by Adam Air Flight 574 which crashed on 1 January 2007 with 102 fatalities, and fourth worst aircraft accident in Turkey at that time.
Crew and passengers
- "Aircraft accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- "Boeing 737 MSN 26074". Air Fleets. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- "TC-JES Turkish Airlines Boeing 737-4Y0 – cn 26074 / ln 2376 – Planespotters.net Just Aviation". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Aralık 1994" (in Turkish). Governmental Press and Information Office. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- "Turkey crash". Flight Global. 4 January 1995. Retrieved 1 January 2008.